Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 19, 2002
Vast, wild Northern Forest gains new allies: 18 projects named in $1.8 million study
Working models that balance the wishes of foresters, recreation enthusiasts and environmentalists; GIS and satellite maps that measure and predict movement of invasive species through the forest ecosystem; A record of changes that land use has on land-forms and water quality in the streams -- these are just three of 18 projects totaling nearly $1.8 million in research grants for studies of the Northern Forest and its communities, the Northeastern States Research Cooperative announced this week.

Kyoto will have little effect on global warming
Life expectancy and prosperity will continue to rise and food production should keep up with population growth, but the Kyoto agreement will have little effect on global warming according to this week's Christmas issue of the BMJ.

Shifts in rice farming practices in China reduce greenhouse gas methane
Changes to farming practices in rice paddies in China may have led to a decrease in methane emissions, and an observed decline in the rate that methane has entered the Earth's atmosphere over the last 20 years, a NASA-funded study finds.

Space Station crew, scientists fine-tune Zeolite experiment
An experiment that could help improve energy production and the use of cleaner fuels on Earth got off to a successful start this week aboard the International Space Station.

Black pudding may interfere with cancer screening test
Eating black pudding may interfere with a screening test for colorectal cancer, claim researchers in this week's Christmas issue of the BMJ.

Food supplementation with folic acid could substantially reduce neural-tube defects
A public-health initiative to enrich cereal grain foods in Canada with folic acid has halved the prevalence of neural-tube defects among both unborn and newborn children, report authors of a research letter in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Study of possible anticancer drug reveals new mechanism of gene regulation
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have discovered a possible new mechanism for regulating large groups of genes.

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology
Greek cheese produces potential lantibiotic, bacterias protect against gonorrhea, and bacteria in worms repel ants are some of the studies published by the journals of the American Society for Microbiology.

Purdue, Roche seek entrants in $100,000 Life Sciences Business Plan Competition
An entrepreneurial competition at Purdue University will award total prizes of $100,000 for business plans that describe the path to market for products and technologies in the life sciences, biotechnology and biomedicine.

Stroke in the 21st century
In the first issue of 2003, TLN examines stroke epidemiology and stroke trials.

People from distant lands have strikingly similar genetic traits, study reveals
Scientists have long recognized that, despite physical differences, all human populations are genetically similar to one another.

Stereotypes can affect memory when identifying criminal suspects
Research by a Penn State media studies expert reveals that memory of crime stories with the suspects' pictures reflects racial stereotypes, and African-Americans are especially likely to be mistakenly identified for perpetrators of violent crimes, an issue being discussed nationally by community and law enforcement groups.

'Scientific balancing act' dominates AAAS top ten list of science policy stories for 2002
Balancing safety with scientific openness--and preventing fear from stifling scientific discovery--was cited today by the world's largest general scientific organization, AAAS, as the key science and technology policy issue to emerge in 2002.

Study finds that children are exposed to too many violent movies
Dartmouth researchers have found that a surprising number of young teenagers are watching extremely violent movies.

Improving quality of death - Terminal care should aim to preserve dignity of dying patients
Canadian authors of a study in this week's issue of The Lancet highlight how the preservation of patients' dignity should be a priority for end-of-life care to minimise the physical and psychological trauma of terminally-ill patients.

Science's top ten: Discovery of genes' 'control switches' named top advance of 2002
The discovery that molecules called

International functional genomics study looks for genes that cause drug tolerance and dependence
Doernbecher Children's Hospital researchers are using genomics and proteomics to find the genes that lead to drug tolerance and dependence.

Penalty shoot-outs can trigger heart attcks
Heart attacks increased by 25% when England lost to Argentina in a penalty shoot-out in the 1998 World Cup, concludes a study in this week's Christmas issue of the BMJ.

Livermore researchers determine biosphere unaffected by geoengineering schemes
Using models that simulate the interaction between global climate and land ecosystems, atmospheric scientists from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have shown that compensating for the carbon dioxide

Stretch of I-40 part of ORNL, UT environmental lab initiative
Twenty-five thousand big rigs rumbling through Knoxville every day will help researchers from Oak Ridge National Laboratory get a better handle on real-world emissions and their effects on the environment.

A drop of ocean water tells a story
Scientists are still learning what's in a drop of ocean water, according to this week's Nature magazine.

U-M professor confronts America's over-consumption
As consumerism reaches its annual peak, a University of Michigan professor is speaking out, not just about American's overindulgence in shopping sprees during the holidays but also about our over-consumption of global resources in general.

Centrefold models are becoming more androgynous
The shapely body characteristics of centrefold models have given way to more androgynous ones, concludes a study in this week's Christmas issue of the BMJ.

'Small RNA' research cited as breakthrough of the year
A broad group of discoveries about the biological powers of

No evidence for the existence of the 'mummy's curse'
There is no evidence for the existence of the mummy's curse, reputedly associated with the opening of the tomb of Tutankhamen in Egypt, between February 1923 and November 1926, finds a study in this week's Christmas issue of the BMJ.

New method of delivering chemotherapy using ultrasound works in BYU lab
Chemotherapy patients often endure painful side effects as powerful drugs course through their entire bodies, damaging healthy tissue and tumors alike.

Researchers develop guidelines to establish identity of genes responsible for complex diseases
Scientists from Imperial College London, the Medical Research Council, Case Western Reserve University, USA and the Hammersmith Hospital have developed guidelines which scientists can use as a benchmark for proof of identification of the multiple genes responsible for common, complex diseases.

Questioning the humanity of countries that supply arms
Trading in arms is highly detrimental to the health of mothers and children in the poor countries where armed conflict occurs.

How acrylamide might be formed in starch-rich foods
A Cornell University chemist explains how acrylamide might form when starch-rich food is fried or baked.

Mercury in California rainwater traced to industrial emissions in Asia
Industrial emissions in Asia are a major source of mercury in rainwater that falls along the California coast, according to a new study by researchers at the University of California, Santa Cruz.

Seven-foot living 'dinosaur' lurks in Oregon
What's seven feet long, 250 million years old, and currently lurking in the depths of Oregon's Rogue River?
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