Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 07, 2003
Finding life away from Earth will be tough task, says noted paleontologist
Earth's most ancient fossils are hard to find, and finding evidence of life somewhere other than Earth promises to be as challenging, says a noted University of Washington astrobiologist.

RIT collaborates with IBM on genomic research
Rochester Institute of Technology and IBM have launched a collaboration based on RIT bioinformatics expertise and IBM's scientific computer leadership.

Benefits of treating behavioral, functional problems caused by Alzheimer's disease
A class of drugs known as cholinesterase inhibitors has a significant impact on behavioral problems and the ability to perform everyday tasks in patients with Alzheimer's disease, according to a study led by researchers at the San Francisco VA Medical Center (SFVAMC) and UCSF.

Patient compliance influences pediatric transplant recommendations
Whether or not a doctor recommends a child for kidney transplantation often depends on the child's track record for sticking to a medication regimen, researchers at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center report.

Astronomers poised to apply novel way to look for comets beyond Neptune
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory astronomers are major partners in a scientific collaboration that will conduct an extremely novel search for small, comet-like bodies in the outer solar system using four half-meter telescopes.

Public supports tobacco control strategies outlined by American Lung Association
A survey of U.S. adults shows that a majority of people support the four key tobacco control strategies cited by the American Lung Association to reduce the death and disease caused by smoking.

Study points to methods for safe drug dispensing via computer
Researchers have found that a new computer system that uses bar codes to safeguard patients' medications will work successfully, but not without creating new, serious problems for nurses charged with patient care.

Conflict with ex-wife limits involvement of fathers with children, study finds
A study of divorced fathers revealed that conflict with their ex-wives can have a profound effect on reducing fathers' involvement in their children's lives.

During January shuttle flight, companies to test environmentally friendly, mist fire-fighting system
During a January flight of Space Shuttle Columbia, astronauts will test a new commercial fire-fighting system that puts out blazes with a fine water mist -- instead of using harmful chemicals or large quantities of water that damage property.

OXiGENE announces commencement of Phase I/II clinical trial of Combretastatin A4 Prodrug
An investigational compound designed to shrink solid tumors by attacking their vascular structure will be evaluated in patients with advanced cancer of the lung, head & neck and prostate.

Biologist unlocks secrets of winter survival
Think the frigid Northeastern winters are unbearable even under layers of GorTex?

Lowering beta-amyloid levels in blood to treatment Alzheimer's
Agents that alter blood levels of beta-amyloid protein in mouse models of Alzheimer's disease represent a potential approach to treating the illness in humans that may be safer than the vaccine method of therapy, researchers report in a new study.

Need for social support deters HIV patients from taking their drug 'cocktails'
Social support may play a small but potentially important role in helping HIV-postive people adhere to the complicated schedules for taking their drug

World-first Australian truffle find
An Australian scientist has made a discovery which is electrifying world fungal biology - a new truffle genus related to the famous Amanita family, or fairy toadstools.

New role for tamoxifen as fertility drug for breast cancer patients?
US fertility experts have discovered a potential new role for the wonder drug tamoxifen - helping breast cancer patients to have babies by IVF.

Applied Biosystems and Immune Tolerance Network announce immunology research agreement
Applied Biosystems and the Immune Tolerance Network announced agreement to study genes expressed in clinical samples that are believed to be related to immune response modulation in organ transplantation, autoimmune disease, and allergy and asthma.

Wireless network boosts supernova search to stellar first year
In results presented this week at the 2003 meeting of the American Astronomical Society (AAS) in Seattle, astrophysicist Greg Aldering and colleagues report that their supernova factory project has discovered an unprecedented 34 new supernovae in its first year.

Coronal activity may be 'buried alive' in red giant stars, say Colorado researchers
When Earth's sun expands into a red giant star in roughly five billion years, long after Earth has become uninhabitable, the hydrogen core will be burned out and the bloated outer shell will be cool and murky.

Next-generation solar cells could put power stations in space
Scientists at Rochester Institute of Technology are developing the next generation of solar cells, advancing the technology that could put a solar power system into earth's orbit.

American Lung Association report cards show many states failing to protect public in tobacco policy
Four years after securing more than $240 billion in tobacco settlements, most U.S. states have squandered the unprecedented opportunity to fund comprehensive tobacco initiatives proven to help protect children and adults from disease and death caused by tobacco, according to the first annual American Lung Association State of Tobacco Control 2002 report.

Computer program reveals optimum microstructure for new materials
A Princeton chemist has developed a general mathematical system for designing materials that perform two functions at once, even when the desired properties sometimes conflict with each other.
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