Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 22, 2003
Food fortification spurred by military purchases
Food fortification with vitamins and minerals is one of the most effective methods to improve health and prevent nutritional deficiencies.

New mobile lab aims to bolster bioscience education
In an innovative effort to help high school bioscience education keep pace with fast-moving research advances, the nation's newest and largest mobile bioscience lab, the MdBioLab, will be launched in early February.

Effects of rare, devastating disease linked to shrinking of cells' telomeres
Scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and their colleagues have found that much of the widespread damage that the rare genetic disease ataxia telangiectasia, or AT, wreaks on the body results from the progressive shortening of telomeres, the structures that cap the ends of a cell's chromosomes.

Perfectionism and sport: Achieving success the healthy way
Every athlete dreams of the perfect performance, but how that perfectionism is attained is critical, says a University of Alberta researcher.

Don't let your drive home following the Super Bowl be your last play of the day
Be careful if you are thinking of driving after the Super Bowl this Sunday night because the roads are not as safe as you think.

UF researchers report: Immunosuppressant drug prevents late rejection of transplanted kidneys
A drug that suppresses the immune system and prolongs the survival of donated kidneys in patients in the first months after transplantation also has the ability to block organ rejection over the long haul, University of Florida researchers have found.

Three tourist experiences named best worldwide for environmental, social responsibility
Conservation International and National Geographic Traveler magazine announced today the winners of the 2002 World Legacy Awards.

Pitt transplant researchers say anti-rejection drug rapamycin may help lupus, some cancers
Rapamycin, a drug approved for use in kidney transplant patients to prevent organ rejection, could also benefit patients with lupus and patients with blood cancers, reports a team of researchers in the journal Blood, now online.

Rocket to measure auroral waves
University of Alaska Fairbanks Poker Flat Research Range will open its 2003 launch season today with a single-rocket mission designed to measure high-frequency wave signals in connection with the aurora.

New research projects major increase in Alzheimer's care costs for England
A new LSE report, commissioned by the Alzheimer's Research Trust, suggests that unless more effective treatments are developed for Alzheimer's, there will be a substantial rise in the demand for long-term care services.

Restricting TV viewing at home may only lead teens to watch favorite programs at friends' homes
Teenagers who say their parents restrict their television viewing of certain programs are likely to watch the restricted shows at friends' houses, a study suggests.

New center will probe links between diet, genes and disease
Exploring the links between diet, genes and diseases in minority populations is the aim of a new National Center of Excellence in Nutritional Genomics at the University of California, Davis, and the Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute (CHORI).

American Psychiatric Association launches new mental health workplace publication
The American Psychiatric Association (APA) and the American Psychiatric Foundation have just launched a new quarterly publication, Mental HealthWorks, in partnership with The National Partnership for Workplace Mental Health.

European laws needed to cover 'bog standard' school toilets, says report
A new report is calling for European legislation to cover the standard of school toilets across the continent, after research carried out in the UK and Sweden revealed they are unpleasant, dirty, smelly and a magnet for bullies.

Help for inner city kids
Researches at the University of Washington may have identified a cost-effective approach to the problem of high lead in inner city soils.

Multiple factors affect flight power curves among species
Researchers using three dimensional computer modeling and wind tunnels have made the first accurate comparative measurements of muscle power output of birds inflight to establish that physical structure, body mass, force and flight style all have major effects upon the magnitude and shape of a species' power curve.

Columbia research reveals that Gulf Stream is not responsible for mild winters in Europe
Dispelling 150 years of thinking, research reveals that the Gulf Stream has little effect on the contrast in winter temperatures between Europe and eastern North America.

Digital X-ray microtomography yields stunning views of limb regeneration
Employing high-tech, digital X-ray microtomography (microCT), Northwestern University scientists have discovered the way in which newts form new bone and cartilage during limb regeneration.

Von Liebig entrepreneurism center awards funding to seven projects to commercialize UCSD research
UCSD's William J. von Liebig Center for Entrepreneurism and Technology Advancement has awarded $300,000 and equipment to seven projects led by faculty at the Jacobs School of Engineering.

AVANT to develop an oral anthrax and plague vaccine for U.S. Department of Defense
AVANT Immunotherapeutics, Inc. has received a subcontract to develop for the U.S.

Scientists discover how to grow cells that suppress immune responses
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have discovered how to grow a little-understood type of human immune cell.

Mail reminders help patients stick to antidepressant meds
Mailed reminders to physicians and their patients who take antidepressant drugs can help patients stick with their medication routine, according to a new study.

Iron supplements help anemic children even if they have colds
In a recent study, giving iron supplements to anemic children when they have a cold or other upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) significantly improved their iron status without increasing stomach upset or other side effects, says a Penn State nutritionist.

Talk of the town leads straight to discovery
Paying attention to the local gossip at a cafe provided archaeologist Gisela Walberg with the whereabouts of a Bronze Age tomb containing more than 200 artifacts.

Unbalanced newspaper coverage of homicide
Newspapers are failing their readers in coverage of homicide cases, according to new research sponsored by the ESRC.

Crop producers go high-tech with GPS technology
A study conducted by Iowa State University soil scientists suggests Global Positioning Systems (GPS), available to corn and soybean producers, can markedly improve the management of soil acidity.

Monkeys show sophisticated learning abilities
Psychologists have found evidence that monkeys have sophisticated abilities to acquire and apply knowledge using some of the same strategies as do humans.

Researchers find link between improved memory and the use of neurofeedback
Scientists from the Imperial College London and Charing Cross Hospital believe that it may be possible to improve memory by up to 10 percent through the use of neurofeedback.

Distant world in peril discovered from La Silla
When, in a distant future, the Sun evolves into a

UC Institute wins $2.9 million grant to train next generation to deal with nuclear threats
The University of California Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation (IGCC), a statewide UC research center for international affairs, has received a $2.9 million Integrative Graduate Education Research and Traineeship (IGERT) grant from the National Science Foundation to train the next generation of policymakers, scholars, and international security analysts to deal effectively with the continuing nuclear threat.

UF study: Preschoolers in programs for poor kids have less access to literacy
Disadvantaged children who attend preschools developed for poor kids are exposed to fewer books and have less opportunity to learn to read and write than other preschoolers, a study by a University of Florida researcher shows.

Domestic violence levels high in rural Uganda
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health researchers found that male to female domestic violence levels in rural Uganda are high and associated with alcohol consumption and the male partner's perceived risk of HIV.

Columbia University research sheds light on Lake Vostak and tectonic activity
The cavity that became Lake Vostok, a body of water located beneath more than 4 kkm of ice in the middle of East Antartica, was formed by tectonic processes in the earth's crust millions of years ago.

APS announces its 2003 Distinguished Lectureships
The American Physiological Society (APS) is pleased to announce its 2003 Distinguished Lecturers.
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