Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 31, 2003
Chaos in the heart
Scientists at the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society in Berlin and the University of Barcelona have discovered that chaotic behavior in chemical reactions and heart fibrillation can be selectively influenced and suppressed.

NPF says FDA approval of new psoriasis drug signals new era of care
The National Psoriasis Foundation issued a statement today in support of the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) approval of the first biologic drug to treat psoriasis.

UCLA study finds surgeon experience level critical
A national study found that the number of surgical procedures a physician performs has a significant impact on in-hospital complications and length of hospital stay in older men receiving a radical prostatectomy -- a common procedure to remove the prostate gland in men with prostate cancer.

Young plant's natural defenses amount to more than just its seed
For a young plant, growing up may not be quite as risky as scientists once believed.

Gene vital to radiation resistance in bacteria
Researchers from Louisiana State University have identified a gene in the radiation-resistant bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans that they believe is vital to the organism's ability to withstand high levels of radiation.

St. Jude researchers show that the Six3 gene is vital in the creation of the brain's complexity
Researchers at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital have discovered a critical, early step in the growing vertebrate embryo that is required for the proper development of a major part of what is often called the most complex structure in the universe--the human brain.

URI Office of Marine Programs awarded Sloan Grant for Census of Marine Life
A $480,000 grant was awarded to the University of Rhode Island's Office of Marine Programs (OMP) at the Graduate School of Oceanography (GSO) to launch an education and science communications program related to a 10-year international research program, the Census of Marine Life (CoML).

Stuart research funds generating dividends for veterinary medicine
Researchers at Marion duPont Scott Equine Medical Center in Leesburg, Va., are making important discoveries about what causes colic and finding better ways to treat it.

Are growing portion sizes leading to expanding waistlines?
If you think food manufacturers are skimping on portion sizes, think again.

The William Herschel Telescope finds the best candidate for a supernova explosion
An international team of astronomers using the Utrecht Echelle Spectrograph on the William Herschel Telescope has identified the bright star Rho Cassiopeiae as the best candidate to undergo a supernova explosion in the near future.

A brighter, more colorful future for LEDs?
Two exciting new developments have emerged in the light-emitting diode (LED) arena.

Computer model offers noninvasive evaluation for abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture risk
Scientists at the University of Pittsburgh's McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine have developed a computational tool to predict rupture potential for individual abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA), an advance that could positively impact the lives of thousands of patients a year.

Newly approved psoriasis drug invented and tested at Univ. of Michigan
The University of Michigan Health System welcomes the approval by the U.S.

Removing portion of spleen effective in treating inherited childhood anemias
Researchers from Duke University Medical Center and the Medical College of Wisconsin have shown that removing a portion, instead of all, of the spleen, can successfully treat children with a variety of congenital anemias while preserving important splenic immune function.

The making of a brain
An international collaboration of scientists, led by Dr. Guillermo Oliver at St.

Using sewage sludge as fertilizer
According to the Environmental Protection Agency, sewage sludge in the U.S. increased from 8.5 million metric tons in 1990 to more than 12 million metric tons in 2000.

Sealing a cell's fate
A collaboration of scientists, led by Dr. Janet Rossant at the University of Toronto and The Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute at Mount Sinai Hospital, has identified two genes whose combined expression drives the development of the blood and blood vessels in early embryogenesis.

Women's Heart Foundation announces plans for campaign to promote awareness of heart disease in women
The Women's Heart Foundation is designating February 1-7, 2003 as Women's Heart Week, and is encouraging women across the state and nationally to be aware of gender-specific care for heart disease and wellness.

Expressing anger may protect against stroke and heart disease
Men who outwardly express anger at least some of the time may be doing their health a favor: A new study suggests that occasional anger expression is associated with decreased risk of stroke and coronary heart disease.

Attention chocolate lovers: More evidence your favorite treat is good for the heart
Just in time for Valentine's Day, a report published in the February issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association says that chocolate is good for your heart.

Report to aid nation in managing freshwaters
Freshwater is vital to human life and the well-being of society because it provides commodities and services in consumption, irrigation, and transportation.

Sperm use heat sensors to find the egg
Much like guided missiles that sense the heat of a plane's engine, sperm are guided to the fertilization site by temperature, reports a Weizmann Institute study published in the current issue of Nature Medicine.

Cancer experts call for special care for dying patients in India
Quality of life for people in India with incurable cancer could be improved by simple measures to relieve symptoms, through palliative care.
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