Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 03, 2003
UCSD's Karin, Varghese elected ACM fellows
Two professors at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) Jacobs School of Engineering have been elected Fellows of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), the scientific and professional society for computer science and information technology.

High sugar blood levels linked to poor memory
An inability to quickly bring down high levels of sugar in the blood is associated with poor memory and may help explain some of the memory loss that occurs as we age, according to a new study by NYU School of Medicine researchers.

Purdue researchers connect life's blueprints with its energy source
The Purdue University research team that recently created a tiny motor out of synthetic biological molecules has found further evidence that RNA molecules can perform physical work, a discovery that could advance nanotechnology and possibly solve fundamental mysteries about life itself.

Field Museum creates Institute with $340,000 from Ford to teach universities community research
The new Urban Research and Curriculum Transformation Institute at Chicago's Field Museum will help local universities teach students how to fully engage communities in their research and to share their results with the people being studied.

'LabWrite' site boosts college students' lab-report skills
An innovative Web site, created by two North Carolina State University professors and backed by a new $489,159 grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF), could reposition the lab report as a worthwhile endeavor for both students and instructors.

Family friendly work policies may need to be refocused
Helping employees successfully balance work and home life may require that current

Depression increases risk of death for certain breast cancer patients
Women with early-stage breast cancer have a slightly higher risk of dying from their cancer if they suffer from depression after their cancer diagnosis, according to new research.

Highlights from AHA's guide for community-wide cardiovascular health
A new statement from the American Heart Association provides a framework for community leaders, concerned healthcare providers, association volunteers, policy makers and anyone interested in reducing the burden of heart disease and stroke in the nations communities.

National Science Foundation releases new report from advisory committee for cyberinfrastructure
The critical needs of science and rapid progress in information technology are converging to provide a unique opportunity to create and apply a sustained cyberinfrastructure that will

Bringing students back from Web to scholarly sources
A Cornell University library sciences study shows that when instructors set minimal bibliographic guidelines for doing term-paper research, the number of citations of scholarly works used returns to levels of the pre-Internet world.

AHA issues guide for community-wide cardiovascular health
The American Heart Association has issued new recommendations to help policy makers, community organizations, schools, employers and association volunteers promote healthy behaviors to prevent heart disease and stroke.

Restriction or ban of ephedra supported by first comparative herbal study
The first comparative study to examine the risk of taking ephedra with that of taking other commonly used herbs calls into question the herbal stimulant's current standing as an unrestricted dietary supplement.

Genetic heterogeneity of Icelanders
Research undertaken by Professor Einar √Ārnason at the University of Iceland, Reykjavik and published in the January 2003 issue of Annals of Human Genetics highlights the inaccuracy of claims that Icelanders are a 'genetically homogenous' population.

Primary care in the United States in crisis
Primary care is in crisis - especially as changes occur in the United States population and in the financing and organization of the health care system, according to a series of reports led by a UCSF research team.

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, February 4, 2003
Highlights of the upcoming issue of Annals of Internal Medicine include: Ephedra much riskier than other herbs and should be banned, experts say; Period at home after hospital discharge dangerous for patients, study finds; Task force says there's insufficient evidence to screen adults for diabetes; and others.

News for every parent: Ways to protect your infant from sudden death
Research published in the February issue of Pediatrics examines why Sudden Infant Death Syndrome is more common among African-American infants and finds part of the answer might lie in where babies are put to sleep.

DuPont innovation to be disclosed at 2003 AAAS Annual Meeting
DuPont scientist Dr. Scott Nichols will unveil the company's latest innovation February 14 during the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) annual meeting in Denver, Colorado.

Fighting fire with fire? Vaccine based on chimp virus shows promise against HIV
In a new study in mice, a modified form of an innocuous chimpanzee virus has shown marked potency as a protective vaccine against HIV, itself believed to have crossed into the human population from chimpanzees sometime in the 1930s.

Study finds doctors fail to bridge confidential communication gap with teens
Teenagers seeking confidential health care for such conditions as pregnancy or sexually transmitted diseases frequently get inaccurate information about their doctor's confidentiality policies, according to a study by a Johns Hopkins researcher in the February issue of Pediatrics.

First step along possible new avenue of cancer research reported
Researchers at Georgetown University have identified a surprising molecular link between two mammalian proteins of very different types.

Poor sleep linked to earlier death in older adults
Sleep disturbances like long stretches of wakefulness during the night double the risk of death for healthy older adults compared to more restful seniors, according to new research.

Hurry up and wait
Michael Schull and colleagues report that overcrowded emergency rooms are causing substantial delays in the time it takes for ambulances to carry patients to hospital.

The dollars and sense of protecting the ocean
For the first time anywhere, the analysis of leading economists and ecologists worldwide has been brought together in one place, to examine the economics of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs).

Parents may make informed care decisions about newborn heart conditions despite timing of diagnosis
Although coping with their newborn baby's heart disease is always a stressful experience, parents say they are capable of making an informed decision about their baby's care regardless of whether the heart condition is diagnosed before or after the child's birth.

Drinking water can help your diet
Drinking water can help you in your efforts to lose weight, says a Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center nutritionist.

$10 million Solomon gift to UT Southwestern endows General Medicine division
UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas will use a $10 million gift from Mr. and Mrs.

New battery design could be the answer to powering the world's smallest devices
UCLA researchers believe a radical new design for a lightweight, rechargeable battery based on three-dimensional geometry will provide power to a host of MEMS devices smaller than the width of a human hair.

A shift to home death?
Researchers in Nova Scotia studied where cancer patients die and determined that a substantial shift toward death in the home is under way.

Sepsis on the rise in the United States
Severe sepsis, the leading cause of death in America's non-coronary intensive care units, is a rapidly growing problem in the United States in terms of the number of patients afflicted and the complexity of their cases, report University of Pittsburgh researchers.

Children's use of stimulant medications vary widely by state
America's children are getting stimulant medications for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) at rates that vary widely between states, with a fourfold difference between the highest rate, in Louisiana, and the lowest rate, in the District of Columbia.

More evidence that wealth equals health
Socioeconomic status is an independent predictor of disease across a wide breadth of conditions.
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