Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 04, 2003
Women soldiers viewed as 'problematic', new report reveals
Attempts to attract and integrate women soldiers into the British Army are being undermined by a 'historically masculine' culture in which their presence is perceived to be disruptive, says a new study.

BRCA2 mutations may be associated with some hereditary pancreatic cancers
Mutations in the breast cancer susceptibility gene BRCA2 may be associated with a predisposition to hereditary pancreatic cancer, suggests a new study in the February 5 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Sex, flounder and donuts
Sex, warm water and southern flounder may mean new aquaculture operations as a Sea Grant research team is turning up the heat on Southern flounder to produce all-female cultured stocks.

Undersea diving found safe for older divers
Recreational divers who continue to dive into their later years should be able to continue their hobby without worrying about being held back solely because of their age, say Duke University Medical Center researchers.

Low estrogen linked to increased risk of coronary artery disease in premenopausal women
A new study has found that premenopausal women with low blood estrogen levels have a significantly greater prevalence of coronary artery disease.

Computer scientist locates more than 1,000 novel genes in mouse and human
Using both the mouse and human genomes, a computer scientist at Washington University in St.

UT Southwestern researchers developing new procedures to make bone-marrow transplants safer
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas are helping develop new procedures that may reduce infections and diseases resulting from bone-marrow transplants.

Contexts Magazine wins American Publishers' 'best journal' award
The American Sociological Association (ASA) and the University of California Press (UC Press) are pleased to announce that the quarterly magazine Contexts: Understanding People in Their Social Worlds has been named as

Study shows faceguards, safety balls cut number of Little League injuries
Use of such protective equipment as faceguards and modified

Fast-paced lifestyle helps to erode teens teeth
As quick meals in the form of

Artemis: a little bit is not enough
In 2001 Jean-Pierre de Villartay and colleagues of the Hopital Necker Enfants-Malades in Paris, France found that children suffering from severe combined immune deficiency had mutations in a particular gene involved in DNA repair, which they called Artemis.

Homeownership helps boost children's educational achievement, reduce behavior problems, study finds
Parents who own their own home may be helping to boost their children's educational achievements and even reduce behavioral problems, according to a new nationwide study.

Vaccine shortage study exposes nation's 'patchwork' system
An ongoing national shortage of a vaccine that prevents meningitis and pneumonia in children has left doctors scrambling to provide even the minimum number of shots, and has exposed gaps in the nation's

Sapphire/Slammer worm shatters previous speed records for spreading through the Internet
A team of network security experts in California has determined that the computer worm that attacked and hobbled the global Internet 11 days ago was the fastest computer worm ever recorded.

HAART and heart disease
Highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) for HIV-infected individuals includes the use of combinations of antiretroviral drugs such as protease inhibitors.

The most common childhood disease can be prevented
Cavities may still be the single most common childhood disease, however parents can easily play a pivotal role in preventing them, according to a new report in the January/February 2003 issue of General Dentistry, the Academy of General Dentistry's peer-reviewed clinical journal.

Perforation twice as frequent during colonoscopy as during sigmoidoscopy
The risk of perforation to the colon after a sigmoidoscopy, although small, is about half the risk of a perforation after a colonoscopy, according to a new study comparing the two procedures used for the early detection of colorectal cancer.

Soft drinks, teens and cavities
A new report in the January/February 2003 issue of General Dentistry shows soft drink purchases by teens in schools increased 1,100 percent over the past 20 years, while dairy purchases have decreased by 30 percent.

Patients benefit when doctor uses computer, not paper, to write prescriptions
Hospitals may be able to significantly cut the time it takes to deliver medications to patients and complete X-rays and lab tests by having doctors fill out orders via computer rather than by hand, a new study suggests.

Chemical cousin of vitamin A restores gene function in former smokers
Use of a vitamin A derivative in former smokers restored production of a crucial protein believed to protect against lung cancer development, researchers at The University of Texas M.

Chronic self-doubters likely to face wide range of problems, study finds
People who chronically doubt their judgments lead psychologically impoverished lives in a variety of ways, a new study suggests.

UW study reports sustained changes in brain and immune function after meditation
A University of Wisconsin-Madison research team has found, for the first time, that a short program in

Other highlights of the February 5 JNCI
Other highlights in the February 5 issue of JNCI include an animal study suggesting that a diet supplemented with selenium can decrease DNA damage in aging prostates, a study suggesting that former smokers treated with a specific retinoid may decrease their chances of developing lung cancer, and a study showing that changes in a specific allele of the cyclin D1 protein is associated with a reduced response to chemopreventive agents.

Depression related to poor health after bypass surgery
Men who are depressed before their coronary artery bypass graft surgery are more likely to be re-hospitalized or suffer pain and reduced quality of life six months after their bypass operation, compared with men who are not depressed before the surgery, according to new research.

Parental pressures a major factor for female college students considering suicide
Female college students with mothers expecting perfection and fathers who support the mother are more likely to contemplate suicide than peers from less pressured families, according to a Penn State study.

For painful bone metastases, single-fraction radiotherapy as effective and saves money
For the same medical benefit, the total medical and societal costs of single-fraction radiotherapy are lower than that of multiple-fraction radiotherapy for cancer patients with painful bone metastases, according to a randomized trial in the February 5 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Stanford researcher studies newly discovered 'good' cholesterol gene
Stanford University Medical Center researchers have found that a recently discovered gene regulates HDL (high density lipoproteins) cholesterol, also known as

Bone marrow cells take on new role in the brain, say Stanford researchers
Researchers in the Baxter Laboratory at Stanford University Medical Center have published new evidence showing that cells from the bone marrow might help repair or maintain cells in other tissues.

PNNL recognized for commercializing technology
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has been recognized for transferring technologies that are keeping weapons and contraband from crossing U.S. borders, reducing the toxicity of vehicle emissions and helping communities prepare for natural and other disasters.

American Civil War newspapers subject of new scholarship
Civil War newspapers have come to be recognized for the important social context they provide.

Psychotherapy for HIV-related pain may have limited appeal
Nearly half of 61 HIV-positive patients enrolled in psychotherapy sessions to relieve limb pain dropped out of the sessions before the end of therapy, suggesting that such an approach may have limited appeal, a new study concludes.
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