Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 05, 2003
Symposium to investigate environmental health threats to children
A public meeting will be held to examine environmental health risks to children; address ways to translate science into action to protect children; and identify research gaps and developing plans to fill them and to discuss ways to better communicate risk through strengthened media relations .

This is your heart on drugs: Study improves ER treatment for cocaine's heart effects
The largest-ever study of cocaine users who suffered heart-related effects from taking the drug finds that a specially designed plan of emergency-room care for such patients can save both lives and money.

Battery power
The EUREKA project 3D STRUCTURES has introduced a revolutionary new process that creates lighter batteries that last longer for use in laptops and mobile phones.

Visual analysis of 18F-FDG PET Scans: Effective prognostic tool for cervical cancer patients
When developing a treatment plan for cervical cancer, it is important to be able to determine a patient's prognosis, ideally at the time of diagnosis.

Gene that helps blood vessels form linked to complex birth defect
A gene known for its ability to form blood vessels has been found to be a key player in a chromosomal abnormality that causes potentially devastating birth defects in the heart and throughout the body.

Dad's coochy coos leave baby guessing
Women really are better at baby talk than men. When talking in the coochy-coo baby-speak that parents often use with their infants, researchers from California have found that women use less ambiguous sounds than men to convey to babies what they mean.

Volcanic seamounts siphon ocean water through the seafloor
Researchers have discovered a pair of seamounts on the ocean floor that serve as inflow and outflow points for a vast plumbing system that circulates water through the seafloor.

UCSD researchers identify gene pathway causing pulmonary hypertension
Researchers at UCSD School of Medicine have identified an over-active gene and the molecular events it triggers to cause acquired cases of pulmonary hypertension, a form of high blood pressure in the lungs that kills about one percent of the population each year.

Mutation causes specific arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death
An international team led by researchers from Duke University Medical Center and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) have demonstrated a genetic basis for a fatal form of inherited cardiac arrhythmia that usually strikes young, seemingly healthy people.

ACS ProSpectives conferences planned on crystalline polymorphism in February and catalysis in March
The American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, will hold ACS ProSpectives conferences on crystalline polymorphism in February and catalysis in March.

NASA satellite helps scientists see effects of earthquakes in remote areas
The unique capabilities of a NASA earth-observing satellite have allowed researchers to view the effects of a major earthquake that occurred in 2001 in Northern India near the border of Pakistan.

New study of healthy men finds semen quality decreases with age
A study of healthy men ages 22 to 80 finds that semen quality starts to decline as early as one's 20s.

Abnormalities in cellular anchoring protein cause fatal heart syndrome
Howard Hughes Medical Institute researchers have discovered that mutations that disrupt how ion channels are anchored in cells can cause a heart condition that can lead to sudden death.

Cultural values may explain low vaccination rates for diabetic minorities
Minorities with diabetes are less likely to be vaccinated for the flu and pneumonia than whites are -- even when they have equal healthcare access, insurance and socioeconomic status, a new study finds.

Space shuttle risk assessment again available from Operations Research Association
The Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMSĀ®) is again making available a report commissioned by NASA about the risk to space shuttles from damage to the spacecraft's protective tiles.

New findings confirm male fertility declines with age
Further evidence that men's fertility declines with age is reported today (Thursday 6 February) in Human Reproduction - Europe's leading reproductive medicine journal.

Alzheimer patients who scored well on memory tests -- show unique compensatory brain activity
A group of Canadian researchers has found the most direct evidence to date that people with early-stage Alzheimer Disease can engage additional areas in the brain to perform successfully on memory tests.

UCSD brings powerful visualization to high school classroom
UC San Diego today dedicated the Visualization Center at the Preuss School UCSD, a local middle/high school, to give teachers and students a dynamic and engaging tool for teaching and learning in Earth sciences, biology and other classes.

Robo-gung-ho
The Office of Naval Research's Autonomous Operations Future Naval Capability program, in partnership with the Air Force Research Laboratory, has sponsored Geneva Aerospace's demonstration of technologies that enable a single operator to control multiple pilotless aircraft.

Ā£2 Million of yeast to triple available drug treatments
Researchers are to employ the humble yeast cell to greatly increase - perhaps even triple - the number of drug treatments for common diseases such as allergies, asthma, obesity, type 2 diabetes, schizophrenia, heart disease, osteoporosis and cancer.

Use science to drive public health practice, says book by Saint Louis University faculty
A new book written by four Saint Louis University School of Public Health faculty members offers systematic way of drawing from research to create a plan of action to address public health issues.

Neurofibromin: It's so degrading
Scientists have discovered how neurofibromin, a key regulator of the ras oncogene, is, itself, regulated.

Venture capitalists at sea
The Office of Naval Research's Commercial Technology Transition Officer hosted a visit of leading venture capitalists to USS Nimitz and USS Coronado during exercises off Southern California.

Brain images reveal effects of antidepressants
The experiences of millions of people have proved that antidepressants work, but only with the advent of sophisticated imaging technology have scientists begun to learn exactly how the medications affect brain structures and circuits to bring relief from depression.

Hawaiian volcanoes volume wins scholarly publishing award
A pioneering study of the undersea growth of the volcanic islands that form the State of Hawaii has been recognized as 2002's best book in Geography and Earth Science by the Professional/Scholarly Publishing (PSP) Division of the Association of American Publishers.

Second-hand satellites may gain new voice
ESA engineers are proposing a technique to enable a digital satellite radio service for European drivers - without the need to launch a single new satellite into orbit.

New study validates criteria for safe, rapid treatment of patients with cocaine-related chest pain
Close observation and testing of patients with cocaine-related chest pain in the first 12 hours after diagnosis is sufficient to safely determine the risk of heart complications, according to a researcher at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas.

US researchers find first conclusive evidence that lead is linked to male infertility
US fertility experts report in Human Reproduction the first conclusive evidence that lead is linked to male infertility.

NIH and NSF team up to link math and biology at February 12 Symposium
The National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation are holding a symposium on

Researchers find invasive species are healthy species -- They leave their parasites behind
Globalization of commerce, especially by ships and air traffic, transports hitchhiking plants and animals around the world and in many cases they become pests in the new location -- according to an article in the February 6 issue of the journal Nature.

World shark attacks sink for second year in row, UF research shows
A weak economy and excessive fishing may have taken a bite out of shark attacks, which declined in 2002 for the second straight year, a new University of Florida report shows.

It pays to convert food processing wastewater to energy source
In laboratory tests, Penn State environmental engineers have shown that wastewater from a Pennsylvania confectioner, apple processor, and potato chip maker can produce hydrogen gas worth $80,000 a year or more.

PTHrP leads to significant increase in bone mineral density according to Pittsburgh study
Large doses of a bone anabolic hormone called parathyroid hormone-related protein, PTHrP, increases spine bone mineral density in post-menopausal women by almost five percent in only three months, according to a study at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

The shadow knows
The Office of Naval Research's Electric Warships and Combat Vehicles Future Naval Capability program announces successful testing of a hybrid electric-diesel vehicle for the Marine Corps.

Scholars often complicit in perpetration of mass violence, historian says
New research by Brown University historian Omer Bartov calls into question actions of academics throughout the last century.

The Fragile X syndrome protein as RNA distribution hub
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine use Antibody Positioned RNA Amplification (APRA) to determine the identity of RNA molecules associated with FMRP, the RNA binding protein responsible for Fragile X.
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