Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 10, 2003
Guidelines outline evaluation of children with global developmental delay
Child neurologists with the American Academy of Neurology and the Child Neurology Society have released new practice guidelines recommending tests that should be used to diagnose even the youngest children with global developmental delay.

Mayo Clinic study shows loss of mental, functional abilities
A new Mayo Clinic study shows that the fears of many related to living into one's 90s and beyond -- getting lost in your own neighborhood; losing the ability to take care of financial affairs; having a driver's license revoked; ending up in a nursing home -- are in many cases unfounded.

Univ of MD study on prevalence of celiac disease
A new, five-year, multi-center study finds that the autoimmune disease celiac disease is more common than previously thought, affecting one of every 133 Americans.

Boys thin at birth but heavy as teens face risk for high blood pressure
Boys born lean have an increased risk of elevated blood pressure in their teens if they add a lot of weight between ages 8 and 15, researchers report in today's rapid access issue of Hypertension: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Columbia professor receives national medical science scholarship from Rockefeller Brothers Fund
C. Daniel Salzman, M.D., Ph.D., assistant professor of neuroscience (in psychiatry) at Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons and at Columbia's Center for Neurobiology & Behavior, has been named to this year's roster of Charles E.

UCLA and NASA partner to form new institute for Cell Mimetic Space Exploration
UCLA and NASA have partnered to combine the latest advances in biology and engineering at the Institute for Cell Mimetic Space Exploration (CMISE), which officially opens on Monday, Feb.

Discovery of size changes of Bacillus spores may lead to simpler, faster anthrax detector
Minuscule changes in the size of Bacillus spores with increasing humidity may allow scientists to build a simple optical detector of anthrax spores.

Planet Vearth sends out call for help
ALEC, a virtual supercomputer residing on planet Vearth, will attempt an unprecedented uplink between Earth and Vearth on Friday at 4 pm, Mountain Standard Time, in the Exposition Area of the AAAS Annual Meeting.

ICSU/CODATA launch online forum for WSIS
ICSU/CODATA today launched an 'open access' online forum to prompt discussion on four themes related to the future of the information society.

New Northwestern center targets brain disorders
Northwestern University has received $3 million from the Falk Foundation to establish the Falk Center for Molecular Therapeutics, an interdisciplinary research center within the Robert R.

American Psychiatric Association to hold 2003 Annual Meeting
Depression and cardiovascular disease, new treatment strategies for Alzheimer's, addiction treatments, and the genetics of bipolar disorders are among the cutting-edge research topics to be presented at the American Psychiatric Association's 156th Annual Meeting in San Francisco, May 17-22.

Calient Networks chosen as core platform for Optiputer
Calient Networks, a leading global provider of intelligent all-optical switching systems and software, will team with the California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology [Cal-(IT)2] and the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) on development of the

Researchers develop 'natural bandages' that mimic body's healing process
With the same compound the body uses to clot blood, scientists at Virginia Commonwealth University have created a nano-fiber mat that could eventually become a

Forests of the continental U.S. continue to fragment
A recent report by USDA Forest Service researcher Kurt Riitters shows that although U.S. forests are still connected over large regions, fragmentation is pervasive enough to potentially affect the ecological processes on most of these lands.

Cedars-Sinai February medical tipsheet
The February tipsheet from Cedars-Sinai includes tips on minimally invasive repair of PFOs (patent foramen ovale), artificial discs, a JACC report suggesting that low estrogen may be linked to increased risk of heart disease in young women, and more.

Shedding some light on teeth whiteners
Teeth whiteners seem to be a relatively new invention, but they actually had their origins in the Middle Ages, reports Chemical & Engineering News in its Feb.

Actonel significantly reduced osteoporotic fractures
Newly published data show that treatment with 5 mg Actonel® (risedronate sodium tablets) daily reduced the risk of spinal fracture in postmenopausal osteoporotic patients at higher risk of fracture because of age or low bone mineral density (BMD) at the hip.

Fertility study shows increased estrogen shortens window of implantation in mice
A Feb. 10 study in PNAS by S.K. Dey, Ph.D., head of Reproductive and Developmental Biology at Vanderbilt Medical Center, explains evidence in mice suggesting that estrogen plays a critical role in determining the window of uterine receptivity for embryo implantation.

OHSU researchers study smallpox vaccination protection over time
OHSU researchers are studying whether the smallpox vaccine can provide protection for more than 60 years, longer than the original theory of only five years.

Jefferson scientists find calcium is key to slowing colorectal cancer growth
Allowing calcium inside colorectal cancer cells may be one way to stop their growth.

The war against anti-aging medicine
An international group of research scientists recently launched a campaign against anti-aging medicine.

Study shows how eye cells die when exposed to lead
A new study designed to find out why cells in the eye die when exposed to lead may provide novel therapies for retinal damage caused by injury or diseases such as diabetes and retinitis pigmentosa.

Risk of future Exxon Valdez declines 92% since risk assessment, safety measures, says O.R. study
The danger of a future Exxon Valdez disaster in Alaska's Prince William Sound has declined substantially since the State of Alaska, environmentalists, oil companies, and the fishing industry brought together a risk management team, according to a study in a journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS®).

Violent truth behind Sun's 'gentle giants' uncovered
Solar Physicists at the Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London (MSSL-UCL) have discovered new clues to understanding explosions on the Sun using SOHO and Yohkoh data.

Fasting forestalls Huntington's disease in mice
Decreasing meal frequency and caloric intake protects nerve cells from genetically induced damage, delays the onset of Huntington's disease-like symptoms in mice, and prolongs the lives of affected rodents, according to investigators at the National Institute on Aging (NIA) Intramural Research Program.

Ozone levels in Southern California smog may be higher than current air quality models predict
Current air-quality models used for predicting air pollution may be underestimating ozone levels in Southern California by as much as 10% of the national one-hour ozone standard, a UC Irvine study has found.

Family history doesn't predict colon cancer genes, behavior
Although certain genes and some behaviors, like eating well-done red meat, are associated with a family history of colon cancer, that history is not a good tool for predicting whether an individual will have a colon cancer-related gene or engage in a high-risk behavior, according to new research.

Driving while black: Study shows minorities more likely to question police
African Americans who are stopped for traffic violations are less likely than whites to believe the police had a legitimate reason to stop them, and more likely to believe they were mistreated, according to a new national study.

Sleep breathing disorder may be a cause, rather than just an effect, of heart failure
An interruption in normal breathing patterns during sleep which is often seen in heart failure patients may contribute to heart failure rather than just being a result, according to findings of a Mayo Clinic collaborative study published this week in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Ancient climate may augur future effects of global warming
Ancient lake sediments and modern computers both indicate that El Niño might react differently to global warming than current theory claims, according to a Purdue research report.
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