Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 12, 2003
New study sheds light on the responses to diuretics
The usage of diuretics, once the primary treatment for hypertension, has declined in recent years as newer, costlier drugs were introduced.

Patients and doctors must change attitudes for public to have real role in decision-making
Both doctors and patients need to change attitudes if moves towards greater public involvement in healthcare decision-making are to succeed, according to new research funded by the ESRC.

Cell density determines extent of damage caused by cigarette smoke exposure
New findings may offer roadmap to predicting how the body will respond to a deadly habit - collagen plays key role.

UBC research offers new hope for people crippled by obsessive, repugnant thoughts
Imagine being tortured by repeated thoughts of stabbing your child or having sex with your minister - thoughts that won't go away no matter how hard you try to suppress them.

Stanford researchers study how gene level variations in blood affect immunity
Differences in people seem to run in the blood, according to a recent study that examines which genes are active in blood cells.

Monoclonal antibody may control Crohn's disease in children
Researchers from the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia showed that infliximab, a monoclonal antibody currently used to treat adults with Crohn's disease, is also effective and safe in treating children with the disease.

Innovative research with pythons offers new insights into the body's digestive processes
Your diet is primarily high protein, consisting of a wide range of mammals and selected birds.

USDA Forest Service publishes wildland-urban interface assessment
The USDA Forest Service recently released

Endothelial progenitor cells could serve as biological marker for cardiovascular disease
The number of circulating endothelial progenitor cells in an individual's blood -- the precursor cells to those that line the insides of blood vessels -- may be an indicator of overall cardiovascular health, according to research by scientists at the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) and Emory University School of Medicine.

Polymers promote nerve regeneration
Using microscale channels cut in an ultrathin biodegradable polymer, a researcher at the U.S.

College students at risk during alcohol-related blackouts
A survey by Duke University Medical Center researchers suggests that college students are engaging in significantly risky behaviors during alcohol-related memory

Researchers respond to threat, look for anthrax
A team of Texas A&M University and University of Texas researchers is working on a system that will sample mail for airborne contaminants, such as anthrax spores, and ultimately provide a reliable means of detecting biological and chemical agents sent through the mail.

Stress during pregnancy can affect fetal heart rate
Stress-related changes in a pregnant woman's heart rate and blood pressure, along with chronic anxiety, can affect the heart rate of her developing fetus, a new study concludes.

Nominations sought for Paul Marks Prizes
Nominations are currently being sought for the Paul Marks Prizes for Cancer Research.

Causation between white blood cells and lung disorders confirmed
There is no cure for asthma and other deadly pulmonary disorders.

Infants learn to fill in perceptual gaps by 4 months
As early as four months, and certainly by six months, a Cornell University psychologist reports, baby eyes have

Michigan researcher helps resolve the conflict between exotic birds and eco-tourists
Brazil's Pantanal, a vast wetland situated in the center of South America, has become the next frontier for leading-edge eco-tourists in search of ever more exotic flora and fauna.

Structure of key breast cancer receptor determined
A team of scientists from Johns Hopkins and the biotechnology company Genitope has unlocked the 3-D structure of a receptor that goes awry in 20 percent to 30 percent of breast cancers.

Classes may be effective treatment for ADHD patients, parents
Children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and their parents may benefit from group classes that teach behavioral and social skills as a supplement to their medical treatment, a new study of 100 children suggests.

In-situ preservation of archaeological artefacts
Saving the heritage of future generations by encasing archaeological finds in specialised glazing, protecting them from the weather, pollutants such as acid rain and damage by tourists.

Coping with anxiety during high risk terrorist alerts
Fear and anxiety are normal human reactions to a perceived threat or danger.

Work stress can affect how lower-income families eat
Workers in low-paying, inflexible jobs report that they have inadequate time and energy to feed their families well.

Genetically engineered mice offer hope for isolating beta cells and treatment of type 2 diabetes
Researchers develop promising new model of transgenic mice for future study of diabetes.

New hope for preventing major problems of the retina
New research sheds light on the role of dopamine in vision and effects that reduced levels have on sight.

Braille found to be essential, regardless of age of blindness
Everyday there is new hope that advances in technology will enable the nearly one million totally blind Americans to enhance their lives.

Britain to showcase science excellence at AAAS Annual Meeting
British science excellence will be on show at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) annual meeting in Denver, 13 to 18 February 2003.

Researchers help trace origin of Madagascar's mammals
How and when mammals populated Madagascar has been a mystery due to lack of fossil evidence.

First genetic response in animal species to global warming
For the first time ever, a University of Alberta researcher has discovered that an animal species has changed its genetic make-up to cope with global warming.

UK unveils 'global partnerships' program to foster transatlantic business relationships with the US
The British Government today announced a sweeping new initiative in the United States aimed at promoting research and development and commercial partnerships across the Atlantic.

NHLBI study finds possible new indicator of heart disease risk
Levels of a type of adult stem cell in the bloodstream may indicate a person's risk of developing cardiovascular disease, according to a study supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health.

Worm model could yield new Parkinson's drugs
The Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research has awarded one of its competitive Fast Track grants to Vanderbilt neuroscientist Richard Nass, Ph.D.
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