Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 19, 2003
Preventive Medicine 2003 plenary session summaries
This document includes summaries of selected plenary and concurrent session presentations and symposiums scheduled to take place during Preventive Medicine 2003, the premier annual forum for physicians with a primary interest in disease prevention and health promotion.

Young children 'fall in love with goodness' when they help guide their own instruction
Goodman found that children learn lessons of morality best when they are involved and participating in their own instruction rather than having the lessons handed down from an authority figure.

Ecowar looming with sunken wartime wrecks
According to the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, there are around 1080 wrecks from the Second World War littering the floor of the Pacific Ocean.

Preventive Medicine 2003 selected oral, poster abstracts
Included in this document are summaries of key oral and poster abstracts that are being presented during Preventive Medicine 2003, the premier annual forum for physicians with a primary interest in disease prevention and health promotion.

Shark fin trade greater than previously thought, study finds
A recent study by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) revealed that the number of shark fins moving through Asian markets could be more than twice the estimate used by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), which helps monitor and manage the world's fish populations.

Bayer BP uses decision analysis to manage drug development, says O.R. study
Bayer Biological Products (BP) application of decision analysis to the long, expensive process of introducing new drugs has already improved the development of a new medication to dissolve blood clots, according to an article in a journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMSĀ®).

US Air Force plans nuclear drones
Due to the success of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in recent conflicts, the US Air Force has decided to fund a feasibility study into nuclear-powered versions.

New drug combo improves survival in rare, aggressive bone cancer of children, young adults
Adding two experimental drugs to the standard four-drug chemotherapy regimen has significantly improved survival in patients with non-metastatic Ewing's sarcoma, a highly malignant bone cancer of children and young adults.

Parkinson's drug linked to heart disease risk factor
A drug used for the last 40 years to treat Parkinson's disease increases blood levels of an amino acid that could put patients at increased risk for heart disease, according to researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas.

Brain's response to addictive drugs, stress
Drug addicts may prefer some drugs over others, but their brains all have something in common.

National vision experts converge for research symposium
The eyes of the vision science research world will be focused on the University of Houston March 1-3 during a symposium that celebrates the College of Optometry's 50th anniversary.

Electronic circuit rides a chemical film
UIC chemists have developed a method called Surface Polymerization by Ion-Assisted Deposition to grow conducting polymers.

Berkeley scientists create first 3-D map of protein universe
Researchers with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and the University of California at Berkeley have created the first three-dimensional global map of the protein structure universe.

Bt toxins found to kill parasitic roundworms
Biologists at the University of California, San Diego have discovered that Bacillus thuringiensis, or Bt--a bacterium that produces natural protein insecticides that have been used by organic farmers for five decades--can also produce similar natural proteins that kill nematodes.

Surgeons put themselves at risk, despite evidence
Exposure to blood and body fluids while operating places surgeons at risk, yet a large number of doctors continue to put themselves in danger despite knowing the evidence, according to a University of Alberta study.

UCLA survey estimates 11 million adult Californians personally know victim of domestic violence
A UCLA School of Public Health survey estimates that nearly 11 million adult Californians - 45.5 percent of the state's adult population - personally know a victim of domestic violence.

Major study good news for survivors of critical illness
The most comprehensive study to date of long-term outcomes in survivors of a severe episode of critical illness shows that even patients who were once among the sickest in the intensive care unit can regain good physical functioning and quality of life.

Short and long gamma-ray bursts different to the core
A new analysis of nearly 2,000 gamma-ray bursts -- the mysterious, most powerful explosions known in the universe that create new black holes -- has revealed that the two major varieties, long and short bursts, appear to arise from different types of events.

Benefits of living with father depend on dad's antisocial behavior
Children who live with highly antisocial fathers show an increase in behavioral problems the longer they live with their father, a new study reports.

Science and Islam
The InterAcademy Panel for International Issues (IAP), together with the Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS), will hold a workshop from 5-7 March in Trieste, Italy, to discuss how to build scientific capacity in countries with predominantly Muslim communities.

MNI-McGill researcher first to discover that normal nerve cells can mimic viruses
Montreal Neurological Institute researcher Dr. Wayne Sossin has discovered that nerve cells can bypass the cell's normal protein-making machinery in the same way that viruses do when they infect a cell.

Discovery may lead to first medical treatment for Celiac disease
Zengen's researchers have discovered that a synthetic form of alpha-Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormone (a-MSH) has an anti-inflammatory effect in celiac mucosa, the inside lining of the intestinal tract that absorbs food into the body.

Self-control comes in limited quantities, must be replenished
Self-control, whether used to pass up the office cookie plate or to struggle against temptations like alcohol and tobacco, operates like a renewable energy source rather than a learned skill or an analytical thought process, according to new research.

HIV drugs not causing rise in vascular disease
Amid concern over the impact of potent HIV drugs on patients' cardiovascular and cerebrovascular health, a study of 36,766 patients treated for HIV in the Veterans Affairs health-care system from 1993 to 2001 found a steady drop in the rate of deaths and hospital stays due to these vascular problems, even as use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) increased.

URI oceanographers awarded $3.7 million to study the Kuroshio Extension
To study the processes that govern the Kuroshio Extension, URI Graduate School of Oceanography (GSO) physical oceanographers Dr.

Three Univ. of Michigan engineering faculty elected to National Academy of Engineering
Three University of Michigan College of Engineering professors have been elected to the National Academy of Engineering (NAE).

Consent form language too complex for many
Research by Johns Hopkins epidemiologists has confirmed what some have long suspected about consent forms required of clinical trial volunteers: They use language far too difficult for most people to understand.
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