Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 03, 2003
$1.4 million NSF grant to study turbulent flows
A $1.4 million, three-year grant from the National Science Foundation will enable Cornell researchers to develop an instrument that will allow them to track hundreds of particles simultaneously.

Most golf 'yippers' perceive symptoms as physical, not psychological
Over one-half of golfers affected by the

Study: Prenatal screening in Haiti region cut syphilis by 75 percent
Using a simple intervention, clinicians and health scientists working in Haiti successfully cut the incidence of congenital syphilis in a rural region of that impoverished nation by 75 percent -- meaning that far fewer babies will inherit the dangerous illness from infected mothers.

Factor identified that makes treating aging hearts with gene therapy difficult
Scientists at Massachusetts General Hospital and their colleagues have found why older cardiac cells are more difficult to treat with gene therapy than younger cells.

Intelligent device shows promise in physical activity measurement market
Rapid strides in microelectronics and computers are facilitating the design and development of smart devices such as the Intelligent Device for Energy Expenditure and Activity (IDEEA) that can accurately monitor physical activities and even provide guidance on suitable amount and type of activity.

New procedure lets scientists probe short-lived molecules
Some of the most important compounds are the shortest lived -- transient molecules that exist for only thousandths of a second or less during chemical reactions.

Hair color business to dye for as sales picture keeps brightening
The latest products to hit the market are called

Sobering data on student DWI habits
Dr. Edward Adlaf and colleagues present data from the 2001 Ontario Student Drug Use Survey, which indicate that 31.9% of 1846 Ontario students surveyed admitted to being a passenger in a car driven by a drunk driver in 2001.

Surgeon General, columnist George F. Will, and McLaughlin Group Take on nation's health care issues
At the 15th Annual National Managed Health Care Congress (NMHCC), March 10-12, over 5,000 health care professionals will hear from an all-star line-up of keynote presenters featuring US Surgeon General Richard H.

On the nose
Studies by a USC researcher suggest that evolution eliminated a physiological tool in humans critical to detecting pheromones.

Anti-HIV protein from blue-green algae also inhibits Ebola infection
Researchers have discovered that a bacterial protein known to reduce the ability of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) to infect cells also inhibits infection by the Ebola virus.

The smallest sight: Researchers zoom in on the nanoscale
Researchers at the University of Rochester have created the highest resolution optical image ever, revealing structures as small as carbon nanotubes just a few billionths of an inch across.

Evolution boosted anti-cancer prowess of a primordial gene
Researchers at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital have looked back in evolutionary time and identified what may be a gene that was once only moderately effective in slowing down cellular reproduction, until it linked up with a more efficient set of genes to create a powerful anti-cancer response.

Alliance for Cancer Gene Therapy announces $1.5 million in national grants to young investigators
Alliance for Cancer Gene Therapy, Inc. (ACGT), a national foundation in Stamford, Connecticut, announced today the inaugural award of national grants to three Young Investigators, totaling $1.5 million, for separate cancer gene therapy research projects; Dr.

Exercise, the right prescription for patients with heart failure
Exercise is good medicine for heart failure patients - even while they await heart transplantation - according to a new statement from the American Heart Association published in today's print issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Morning surge in blood pressure linked to strokes in elderly
In older people with high blood pressure, a sharp increase in blood pressure in the morning increases the risk of stroke and is linked to brain lesions known as

Organically grown foods higher in cancer-fighting chemicals than conventionally grown foods
Fruits and veggies grown organically show significantly higher levels of cancer-fighting antioxidants than conventionally grown foods, according to a new study of corn, strawberries and marionberries.

Testicular self-exams often not done, study shows
A self-exam for testicular cancer takes maybe a minute to do and about that much time to teach but most often, neither happens, according to a study published in the March issue of Pediatrics.

Do vaccines cause asthma, allergies or other chronic diseases?
Large scientific studies do not support claims that vaccines may cause chronic diseases such as asthma, multiple sclerosis or arthritis.

Family mealtime is more than just sitting at the table
Sitting down as a family at the dinner table appears to play an important role in promoting healthful eating among adolescents, according to a study published in the March 2003 issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

Ramipril use in Canada
New research by Karen Tu and colleagues found that the Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation trial led to an

Shire receives approvable letter from FDA for Fosrenol (R)
Shire Pharmaceuticals Group plc (LSE: SHP, NASDAQ: SHPGY, TSX: SHQ) has received an approvable letter from the U.S Food & Drug Administration for FOSRENOL(R) (lanthanum carbonate).

New findings could lead to higher resolution functional MRIs
Vision scientists at UC Berkeley's School of Optometry confirm a direct link between nerve cell activity and blood oxygen levels.

The timing of hormone replacement therapy could be key to success
The timing of treatment may be a key factor in whether hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can slow heart vessel disease, report researchers from Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center and Tufts-New England Medical Center in the winter issue of Menopausal Medicine.

Green tea is not an effective anticancer treatment for patients with advanced prostate cancer
Although the benefits of green tea are widely touted, a study conducted by Mayo Clinic Cancer Center and North Central Cancer Treatment Group shows green tea is not an effective treatment for advanced prostate cancer.

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, March 4, 2003
Interesting topics in this month's Annals of Internal Medicine include: Multivitamins appear to decrease the frequency of minor infections; Intentional weight loss is not associated with higher death rates; Counseling primary care patients about alcohol may reduce alcohol use.

Perlegen scientists find genetic basis for difference between humans and non-human primates
Perlegen Sciences, Inc. today announced the publication of a scientific paper in the latest issue of the peer-reviewed journal Genome Research.

Rice University tissue engineers set sights on meniscus
Biomedical engineers at Rice University are developing a tissue-engineering program aimed at growing replacement cartilage for patients suffering knee injuries.

U of A scientist finds Atlantic salmon escapes higher than government reports
New research shows that Atlantic salmon are escaping from their British Columbia farms at an alarming rate and putting native species at risk--a discovery that proves the federal government's current method of evaluating the fish isn't working, says a University of Alberta scientist.

ORNL earns four federal lab awards
The Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has earned four awards in excellence in technology transfer for 2003 from the Federal Laboratory Consortium, which includes some 700 national laboratories throughout the United States.

Radiation and intratumoral injection turn on immune system to attack brain tumor cells
Researchers at Cedars-Sinai's Maxine Dunitz Neurosurgical Institute are working to develop a non-surgical approach to brain cancer that combines radiation with the injection of specially cultured bone marrow cells into the tumor.

Breastfeeding rates unaffected by changes in hospital length of stay
New mothers' rates of breastfeeding remained unchanged despite two policy reversals regarding hospital length of stay within an eastern Massachusetts HMO, according to a study by Harvard Medical School researchers published in the journal Pediatrics on March 3.

No mention of trauma as cause of head injury is likely abuse
Researchers at Children's Hospital Boston have found that infants who present for medical care with a serious head injury and no mention of trauma to explain the injury are highly likely to be victims of child abuse.

NIH to host symposium: Medicine in the media
The National Institutes of Health's (NIH) Office of Medical Applications of Research (OMAR) invites you to participate in an important training opportunity.

New system recovers and reuses electronic wastes
Researchers have devised a
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