Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 05, 2003
Cedars-Sinai March medical tipsheet
The March medical tipsheet from Cedars-Sinai includes story ideas on Radiation and Immunotherapy in Treating Brain Tumors, HIPAA, Medical Errors, Stress During Pregnancy, and more.

Women who abuse drugs are at high risk for serious injury or trauma
Women who are chronic drug users are almost 70 perecent more likely to have experienced serious injury or trauma during the past year and almost 20 percent more likely to have experienced injury or trauma during their lifetime than women who do not use drugs.

Preventive wars are rare in American history
The Bush administration's claim that it is fighting a preventive war with Iraq now to forestall a more dangerous war later is a virtually unprecedented foreign policy move in American history and even among other nations over the past two centuries, a Penn State political scientist says.

Talking to children about war and terrorism
Once again, parents and teachers are faced with the challenge of discussing the threat of terrorism and the prospect of war with their children.

Wind's energy transfer to ocean quantified for first time
Scientists have finally been able to field-test theories about how wind transfers energy to ocean waves, a topic of debate since the 19th century that had previously proved impossible to settle experimentally.

Preventing cancer: Scientists identify a useful piece of JNK
A team of scientists led by Dr Roger Davis has discovered that a group of genes encoding the so-called 'JNK signaling pathway' can function to suppress tumor development by promoting tumor cell death.

University of New Hampshire to help US gain $1.3 trillion in ocean resources
The University of New Hampshire will lead an ocean mapping project that could expand the internationally recognized U.S. continental shelf on both the east and west coast with land containing up to $1.3 trillion in resources according to some estimates.

DuPont technology to receive US EPA's clean air excellence award
The revolutionary science behind DuPont SuperSolids ultra-low emissions coatings technology has earned the U.S.

Changes in the Earth's rotation are in the wind
Because of Earth's dynamic climate, winds and atmospheric pressure systems experience constant change.

Receptor could be target for cancer therapy
New studies from Vanderbilt University Medical Center investigators implicate a receptor for prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in tumor-induced immune suppression.

In Health Affairs interview, Breaux outlines plan to cover uninsured
In an interview with Health Affairs, U.S. Sen. John Breaux explains his plan for covering the uninsured and its impact on the health care system, as well as discussing prospects for Medicare and Medicaid reform in this session of Congress.

Scientific advance establishes 'proof of principle' that prion diseases might be prevented
UK scientists have made a major scientific advance by establishing proof of principle that the development of prion disease can be prevented in mice using monoclonal antibodies (mAbs).

UCLA chemists report new method for producing carbon nanoscrolls, an alternative to nanotubes
UCLA chemists report a room-temperature chemical method for producing a new form of carbon called carbon nanoscrolls, which have significant advantages over nanotubes.

UC Riverside biochemists develop technology to increase Vitamin C in plants
Biochemist Daniel R. Gallie at UC Riverside and his research team of Zhong Chen, Todd Young, Jun Ling, and Su-Chih Chang report in the March 18, 2003, issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences that they have developed technology that increases the amount of vitamin C in plants, including grains, by increasing the amount of the enzyme that is responsible for recycling vitamin C.

Cocaine use may alter brain cells, play role in depression
Chronic cocaine use may cause damage to brain cells that help produce feelings of pleasure, which may contribute, in part, to the high rates of depression reported among cocaine abusers.

Compromise is name of the game in how brain works, say University of Toronto researchers
The brain is constantly compromising as it pieces together information, often ignoring or downplaying small visual changes in the world that do not fit with its expectations.

Are SUVs too dangerous for the road?
Sport utility vehicles (SUVs) may be popular in the US, but the US government's road safety chief has said that some SUVs are too dangerous - being prone to roll over in accidents - and is urgently calling for technologies to make them safer.

Science picks-leads, feeds and story seeds (March 2003)
This monthly collection of USGS science stories can help you cover the ongoing earth and natural science research and investigations at USGS---photos and web links are provided to enhance your story.

An aspirin a day may keep colon cancer away, Dartmouth researchers find
A seven-year study led by Dartmouth Medical School researchers shows that a daily dose of aspirin can be effective in reducing the risk of colon adenomas - benign tumors that can develop into cancer if left in the bowel.

Thalassemia program at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia awarded federal grant
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia has received a $2.7 million, five-year grant from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for wide-ranging research regarding people suffering from the inherited blood disorder thalassemia.

Aspirin prevents polyps in colon cancer patients
A single tablet of aspirin a day may be one of the best ways to prevent colorectal polyps from recurring in patients who have already had colon cancer, a new study has shown.

Major study shows aspirin can cut polyp return in GI cancer patients
Patients who have had colorectal cancer may reduce their risk of suffering a recurrence by taking an aspirin daily, according to a new study conducted by a University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill physician and colleagues around the United States.

Stimulant treatment of children with ADHD reduces subsequent substance abuse
A study by researchers at Harvard University has provided more evidence that using stimulant medications to treat children with ADHD may reduce their risk of developing drug and alcohol use disorders later in life

Target for new lung cancer therapy found in embryonic cell pathway
New work by researchers in the Kimmel Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins may allow them to halt the smoking-induced cellular events that lead to 99 percent of all small cell lung cancers (SCLC).

NIH sposors March 12 symposium for Brain Awareness Week
To commemorate Brain Awareness Week, the National Institutes of Health will hold a symposium on Wednesday, March 12, 2003, from 8:30 a.m.

Study links ecstasy use with changes in cardiovascular function
Researchers have demonstrated that binge use of ecstasy can significantly alter cardiovascular function, including inducing cardiac arrhythmia and myocarditis, inflammation of the heart wall.

Navy grant launches minimally invasive surgical technologies institute at Cedars-Sinai
Scientists in the newly formed Minimally Invasive Surgical Technology Institute at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center are working to develop a new generation of advanced surgical tools and procedures.

NASA-funded research looking at El NiƱo events to forecast western US snowfall
A NASA-funded study uses a computer model to understand an observed link between winter and spring snowfall in the Western U.S. and El Nino Southern Oscillation.

Rationale for public support of scientific research shifts
The post-World War II years have seen a constant struggle to assess the economic value of scientific research, and it isn't over yet.

New study finds overweight linked to poor community environment
People who live in unsafe neighborhoods that lack outdoor recreation facilities are more likely to be overweight, according to new research by Saint Louis University School of Public Health and the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services.

Daily aspirin lowers colorectal cancer risk
A daily aspirin can prevent polyps in patients at high risk for colorectal cancer, according to a new study.
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