Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 10, 2003
Making a safer anthrax vaccine using spinach
Researchers at Thomas Jefferson University have developed a strategy for making a safer anthrax vaccine; enlisting the help of spinach plants to manufacture a key component.

Smell, emotion processor in brain may be altered in depressed patients
A portion of the brain that helps us respond to odors and process emotions may be malfunctioning in severely depressed individuals, say researchers who measured the brain activity of individuals presented with smells like roses and rotten butter.

Chemical in soy alters reproductive organs in male rats
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health report that male rats whose mothers were fed diets containing genistein, a chemical found in soybeans, developed abnormal reproductive organs and experienced sexual dysfunction as adults.

Medication protects patients with peanut allergies
A new medication could help most people with peanut allergies avoid life-threatening allergic reactions, according to a report in the March 14 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Vaporized hydrogen peroxide may be best method of anthrax decontamination
STERIS Corporation's subsidiary, Strategic Technology Enterprises, Inc., today presented an overview of its proprietary Vaporized Hydrogen Peroxide (VHP®) technology as a safer and more environmentally friendly method of decontaminating anthrax-exposed buildings.

For prostate cancer patients, 11C-Choline PET may be alternative to pelvic lymphadenectomy
Detecting pelvic lymph node metastases is vital for prostate cancer patients because the five-year survival rate decreases from 85% to 50% when the cancer spreads to the pelvic lymph nodes.

Oxygen deficiency is an endocrine disruptor in fish
A new study of carp suggests that hypoxia, or oxygen deficiency, is an endocrine disruptor in fish.

Are we mice or men? Gene mutation linked to improving heart failure in mice proves lethal in humans
Two studies published in the March 14 issue of the JCI from researchers at the University of Cincinnati and Harvard University reveal that mutations in the human gene encoding the protein phospholamban (PLN) are linked to heart failure.

Richard A. Lerner and Peter G. Schultz to receive Paul Ehrlich and Ludwig Darmstaedter Prize 2003
The Paul Ehrlich and Ludwig Darmstaedter Prize 2003 will be awarded to the immunologists Professor Richard A.

2003 assessment of oil and gas resources in Appalachian basin completed
The USGS has just completed a geologically based assessment of the technically recoverable, undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Appalachian Basin Province.

U. of Pittsburgh to study acupuncture for menopausal symptoms in breast cancer survivors
University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing researchers are investigating the effectiveness of acupuncture in reducing the severity of menopausal symptoms in women who have breast cancer.

PET predicts response to Paxil in study
UCLA neuroscientists using PET have discovered distinct patterns of brain activity that predict the effectiveness of Paxil in treating obsessive compulsive disorder vs. major depression.

Calcification in heart valve increases risk of heart attack or death
A heart condition called mitral annular calcification (MAC) increases the risk of heart attack or death by 10 percent for every millimeter of calcification, according to a report in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

GSA Southeastern and South-Central Sections to meet this week in Memphis
Geoscientists from around the country will gather this week in Memphis at a joint meeting of the Southeastern and South-Central Sections of the Geological Society of America.

Combination therapy improves anthrax survival
Treating anthrax patients with a combination of antibiotics and antibodies could greatly improve their likelihood of survival, say researchers today at the American Society for Microbiology's Biodefense Research Meeting.

Most young women retain 'traditional' view of family life
Over half of young women in Bristol see the ideal family situation as one where mothers either work part-time or not at all.

Mayo Clinic proves new heart muscle cells can come from bone marrow
Mayo Clinic researchers have proven for the first time that cells produced by the bone marrow can form new heart-muscle cells in adults, providing an important boost to research that could enable the body to replace heart muscle damaged by heart attack.

Antiviral therapy found to prevent blindness, other serious effects for patients with eye shingles
Mayo Clinic has found that for patients with eye shingles, oral antiviral drugs are critical to prevent long-term consequences in the eye.

Scientists' transgenic chicken aids embryo research
North Carolina State University poultry scientists have developed a powerful new tool to aid the understanding of how chicken embryos develop.

Bacterial viruses make cheap easy vaccines
Genetically altered bacterial viruses appear to be more effective than naked DNA in eliciting an immune response and could be a new strategy for a next generation of vaccines that are easy to produce and store, say researchers from Moredun Research Institute in the United Kingdom.

Five female chemists win 2003 American Chemical Society national awards
The American Chemical Society will honor five prominent women with a variety of backgrounds in chemistry at an awards ceremony March 25 in conjunction with its 225th national meeting in New Orleans.

MIT study: Hydrogen car no environmental panacea
Even with aggressive research, the hydrogen fuel-cell vehicle will not be better than the diesel hybrid (a vehicle powered by a conventional engine supplemented by an electric motor) in terms of total energy use and greenhouse gas emissions by 2020, says a study recently released by MIT's Laboratory for Energy and the Environment.

Whiplash pain is common, usually mild, and long-lasting
The first observational study of whiplash injury to use a control group has shown that the intensity of whiplash pain is low, but its frequency is high, and compared to similar types of pain from ankle injury, it lasts longer and produces more disability.

Caffeine and estrogen affect Parkinson's disease risk in postmenopausal women
Women who consume little or no caffeine, but who take hormone replacement therapy, may reduce their risk of developing Parkinson's disease, according to a study published in the March 11 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Dinosaur, crab fossils reveal ecosystem secrets
For centuries, they wouldn't be caught dead next to each other.

University of Ulster develops DNA fingerprint techniques to fight bio-terrorism
A University of Ulster researcher has developed DNA analytical techniques that could save thousands of lives in the event of a bioterrorist attack.
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