Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 17, 2003
Scientific expedition takes URI Oceanographers to the waters off the coast of Africa
Later this month, several researchers at the University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography (GSO), led by physical oceanographers Dave Hebert (Chief Scientist) and Tom Rossby (co-Chief Scientist), will undertake a major scientific expedition off of northwest Africa south of the Cape Verde Islands.

Study of monkey species that fights off AIDS may lead to new treatments for humans
A deactivation of the immune system in patients infected with HIV could be one way to inhibit progression to the immunodeficiency diseases associated with AIDS, researchers from UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas and Emory University report.

Gretchen Daily named Nature Conservancy senior scholar
Gretchen Daily, associate professor (research) of biological sciences and senior fellow at Stanford University's Institute for International Studies, has been named a David H.

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology
Highlights from this month's Journals of the American Society for Microbiology include: oral transmission of HIV is possible, bacteria produce electricity, bacteria may protect unpasteurized cheese from foodborne disease.

ADHD in adults
Although classically known as a disorder of childhood, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder also affects between 2%-6% of adults, sometimes with serious ramifications.

Genetic link may tie together pesticides, ADHD, Gulf War syndrome and other disorders
La Jolla, Calif.-Research at the Salk Institute has identified a gene that may link certain pesticides and chemical weaponry to a number of neurological disorders, including the elusive Gulf War syndrome and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

What's important about elderly women's fat? Amount or location?
For elderly women, the location of excess fat may be more important for their cardiovascular health than overall obesity, according to a surprising new study published in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Into the mouths of babes
Low-income mothers routinely sacrifice their own nutritional needs to ensure their children have enough to eat, reports a study in the March 18 of CMAJ.

DuPont science provides in-home protection from dangers of tornadoes
By integrating advanced science with 200 years of safety knowledge, DuPont will soon introduce its latest innovation -- a residential storm shelter with DuPont Kevlar® engineered to provide families protection from the dangers of tornadoes.

Miniature spectrometer can detect biological hazards
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed a miniature device that can identify as little as a fraction of a spore of anthrax and other biological hazards within 30 milliseconds.

U of MN Cancer Center researchers testing new drug combination to treat lung cancer
University of Minnesota Cancer Center researchers are studying a new drug combination to treat patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

Mandatory reporting of HIV infection does not reduce testing rates
Mandatory reporting of HIV infection to public health authorities does not deter people from undergoing testing, Canadian researchers have concluded.

NYU neuroscientist Paul Glimcher develops new model for the brain and behavior
The process by which the brain governs our full range of behaviors can be described at a theoretical and philosophical level with concepts that, strangely enough, have their roots in economics, according to the recently published Decisions, Uncertainty and the Brain by NYU neuroscientist Paul Glimcher.

Horse owners should vaccinate horses, experts say
California's horse owners should act now to prevent West Nile Virus, according to UC Davis equine experts.

New book: New England weather, New England climate
When it comes to this year's cold and snowy New England winter, don't blame the weak El Nino currently occurring in the Pacific Ocean.

Testosterone levels and marriage: High is not all bad
A low-testosterone man newly married to a high-testosterone woman might seem destined to be henpecked but a Penn State study found that such a coupling actually produced a marriage where the wife provided better social support for her mate.

UCF to host Florida Academy of Sciences meeting
Hundreds of researchers, including many from UCF whose work focuses on a range of topics from oysters to polar bears, sea turtles, whales and possible treatments for cancer and Crohn's Disease, will make 15-minute presentations on March 21.

Study shows public support for doctors who deceive insurers
One out of four people think it's OK for a doctor to mislead an insurance company in order to persuade them to pay for medical care.

Body's own antibodies may drive new strains of HIV
Scientists in California have provided the first detailed look at how human antibodies, proteins critical for the body's defense against invading pathogens, may actually drive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) to mutate and escape detection by the immune system.

MIT research in Hawaii could impact state's management of fresh water
During a recent expedition to Hawaii, 20 researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology collected data from land, sea and air in work that could have an impact on the state's management of fresh water.

Click for Crick
The famous image of Watson and Crick with their DNA model will help developing nations participate in the debate about the next 50 years of genetics.

Scientists study roundworms for behavior patterns
Inside a drawer in Luis Rene Garcia's biology lab, tens of thousands of roundworms are bumping into one another, slithering together and breeding.

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, March 18, 2003
Highlights include: High meat protein diet may speed kidney decline in mild kidney disease; Implantable defibrillators cut deaths in many patients with heart disease; Ephedra riskier than other herbals and should be banned; and, Evaluation of risks of smallpox vaccination and policy.

Young gay men are anxious, depressed and ignorant of their HIV status
An alarming number of young gay men appear to be highly anxious and depressed, expressing high levels of self-hatred and low self-esteem, according to new research funded by the ESRC.

Fungi found to be natural plant disease control agent by Hebrew University scientists
A biological, environmentally non-polluting process using fungi to control plant diseases has been discovered by scientists at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem's Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences.

Nanotech decoys for viruses
Using nanotechnology to stop HIV viruses from entering cells is the ultimate aim of a new project at the University of California, Davis.

Anthrax threat needs aggressive government action plan, say researchers
A reasonable defense against an airborne anthrax attack requires more aggressive action by the U.S. government than now planned, says a new study by a team of researchers headed by Lawrence Wein of Stanford University's Graduate School of Business.
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