Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 25, 2003
The elderly, alcohol dependence and risk factors for suicide
New research findings linking alcoholism as an established risk factor for suicide demonstrate need for suicide risk recognition and prevention efforts targeted to middle- and older-adults with alcohol dependence.

Bread mold yields a genome first for filamentous fungi
With more than 10,000 genes amid DNA strands of nearly 40 million base pairs, the first genome of a filamentous fungus has been sequenced through the cooperative efforts of a community of more than 70 scientists, culminating a two-year, $5 million effort supported by the National Science Foundation.

Mouse research sheds new light on human genetic diseases
Important findings about the causes of three human diseases will be described in an article in the August 2003 issue of the journal Endocrinology.

Adult stem cells shown to develop into all brain cell types
Researchers at the University of Minnesota provide evidence for the first time that stem cells derived from adult bone marrow and injected into the blastocyst of a mouse can differentiate into all major types of cells found in the brain.

Fulbright scholar to study nano-sized polymer magnetic complexes
Virginia Tech Ph.D. student Michael Zalich, who is working on polymer-magnetite complexes for potential biological applications, has received a Fulbright Scholarship to conduct research at the University of Western Australia on the synthesis and characterization of 30-100 nm magnetite particles coated with a biocompatible polymeric stabilizer.

Microgel polymer beads may provide general vehicle for vaccines, gene therapy
Most vaccines today are disabled viruses that prime the immune system to fight off infection.

Type 1 diabetics can get 'double diabetes' from insulin resistance, says University of Pittsburgh
Insulin resistance, a condition commonly associated with the development of type 2 diabetes, is likely a major cause of heart disease in people with type 1 diabetes, according to study results published by University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health (GSPH) researchers in the May 2003 issue of Diabetes Care, a journal of the American Diabetes Association.

Glucowatch Biographer reported to improve diabetes control in children
A study published in the current issue of Pediatrics showed that children who wore the GlucoWatch Biographer had greater detection of hypoglycemic events, and reduced levels of the metabolic marker, HbA1c (also known as A1c), compared to those using conventional glucose monitoring.

Gene activated in 80% of breast cancer patients
New research, published this week in Breast Cancer Research, could provide a genetic explanation for breast cancer.

Mosaic Web browser's 10th birthday to be celebrated with panel discussion, April 29
To celebrate the 10th anniversary of the release of the Mosaic Web browser, NCSA is holding a panel discussion April 29 to explore the future of computing and networking with five of the nation's leading technologists.

Caliente chemistry for Cinco de Mayo
Cinco de Mayo -- May 5 -- commemorates the Battle of Puebla in 1862 when the Mexican Army defeated the French, but the holiday has become synonymous with celebrations featuring food, fun and dance.

American College of Preventive Medicine recommends chlamydia screening
The American College of Preventive Medicine (ACPM) recommended today that all sexually active women 25 years of age or younger as well as sexually active women with other risk factors be screened annually for chlamydia.

Georgia Tech researchers use lab cultures to control robotic device
The Hybrot, a small robot that moves about using the brain signals of a rat, is the first robotic device whose movements are controlled by a network of cultured neuron cells.

Advances in prosthetic, orthopedic, and audiologic diagnostic tools
The current issue of the Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development (JRRD), a publication of Rehabilitation Research and Development Service, Department of Veterans Affairs, includes eight manuscripts that discuss recent advances in diagnostic tools in several fields of rehabilitation medicine, including prosthetics, orthopedics, and audiology.

American Thoraic Society Journal news tips for May 2003 (first issue)
Included in this issue are studies indicating that menopausal women with daytime sleepiness should be evaluated, statin use is very beneficial to lung transplant patients, and more.

What makes the body absorb too much iron?
Hemochromatosis affects about one in every 250 people and is often fatal if it is not recognized and treated.

Patients who have multiple potential causes for fainting have a higher risk of death
The more possible physical causes of fainting that exist in a patient are likely to increase the risk of an earlier death, medical researchers report in the April issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

Malaria project in funding crisis
The World Health Organisation's (WHO) goal to reduce malaria deaths by 75% by 2015 looks set to fail due to lack of international aid, according to Harvard researchers.

Carnegie Mellon to demonstrate new search-and-rescue robots at RoboCup American Open competition
Carnegie Mellon University researchers and their colleagues from other institutions will demonstrate teams of urban search-and-rescue robots in a special

Syracuse University geologists raise questions about controversial theory of species survival
A recent study by a team of Syracuse University geologists has punched holes in a relatively new theory of species evolution called coordinated stasis; the theories involved are based on findings from fossil-bearing rocks that underlie Central New York.

One fig, one wasp? Not always!
Contrary to prevailing wisdom concerning one of the most famous textbook examples of a tightly co-evolved mutualism, not every fig species is pollinated by its own unique wasp species.
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