Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 28, 2003
Reduce unnecessary suffering and cost of treatment, says Queen's nurse researcher
Even though there's a recognized

Gene discovery may shed light on carpel tunnel syndrome and Lou Gehrig's disease
NHGRI and NINDS scientists, working together at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), found the gene responsible for Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease type 2D and distal spinal muscular atrophy (dSMA) type V.

Leading minds of tomorrow recognized today
The APA and AstraZeneca announced today the launch of their 2003 'Young Minds in Psychiatry International Awards Programme', an annual commitment by the two organisations to recognize and support promising young psychiatrists from across the globe.

Doctors without borders
In an attempt to better understand the demographic and educational characteristics of international medical graduate applicants in Canada, Rodney Crutcher and colleagues surveyed applicants to the second iteration of the Canadian Resident Matching Service (CaRMS) match and identified their preferred clinical disciplines and practice locations.

Purification of signaling protein may boost tissue engineering
The purification of a powerful signaling molecule that coaxes cells to mature may also signal the beginning of a new era in tissue engineering.

U of T research holds promise for optical chip
University of Toronto researchers have developed a hybrid plastic that can produce light at wavelengths used for fibre-optic communication, paving the way for an optical computer chip.

Jane Goodall to receive 2003 Global Environmental Citizen Award
Dr. Jane Goodall, groundbreaking primotologist and environmentalist, and founder of the Jane Goodall Institute will receive the 2003 Global Environmental Citizen Award on Monday, April 28.

Finalists compete in tech world series
Six finalists are competing in Phoenix for the 2003 Franz Edelman Award for Achievement in Operations Research and the Management Sciences, which is presented by the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMSĀ®).

New cholesterol drug paired with statin lowers cholesterol
Combining a new drug that impairs cholesterol absorption in the gut with a drug that impedes cholesterol production in the liver may deliver a one-two punch to lower bad cholesterol, researchers report in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Storm-related deaths occur more in men, involve sports or vehicles, says Pittsburgh study
Men are more than twice as likely to die during thunderstorms than are women, and most cases involve a vehicle or sports.

Roadsigns for rodents
Humans are not alone in creating 'signposts' to help them find their way, according to new research published in the open access journal BMC Ecology.

Carnegie Mellon's Entertainment Technology Center to host international conference
Carnegie Mellon University's Entertainment Technology Center (ETC) and the Art Institute of Pittsburgh will co-sponsor the second International Conference on Entertainment Computing (ICEC), May 8-10, at the school's University Center.

Breakthroughs in bubble-making for kids and their pets reported by Chemical & Engineering News
Chemical & Engineering News reports that a Canadian company has added a strengthening polymer to its mix that keeps soap bubbles from popping if you catch them carefully with dry hands.

TSRI scientists show that rare genetic mutations increase susceptibility to sepsis
A group of researchers from The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have discovered rare genetic mutations in a subset of people who come down with a particular kind of severe sepsis, an acute and often deadly disease.

Searching for meaning in life may boost immune system
Pursuing goals related to living a meaningful life may boost the activity of certain cells in the immune system, according to a small study of women who lost a relative to breast cancer.

US Physics olympiad team
Twenty-four high school students from 14 different states have been named to the 2003 US Physics Team.

Staph infection process leading to B cell suicide described by UCSD researchers
The method that Staphylococcus aureus (staph) infection uses to inactivate the body's immune response is described for the first time by UCSD researchers.

Progress slows in lowering cholesterol
Progress in reducing total blood cholesterol levels in the United States has slowed down, according to a government analysis published in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Renowned yeast and human geneticist at UCSF receives major research honor
Ira Herskowitz, PhD, professor of biochemistry and biophysics and co-director of the Program in Human Genetics at the University of California, San Francisco, has received the 2003 Lewis S.

Depression may worsen high blood pressure
Depressed people with high blood pressure are less likely to have their blood pressure under control than those who are not depressed, researchers reported today at the XVth Scientific Meeting of the Inter-American Society of Hypertension, which is co-sponsored by the American Heart Association's Council for High Blood Pressure Research.

Four gene 'micronet' found to regulate social behavior in female mice
What do the brain, ovaries and nose have in common?

Researchers discover method of predicting drug resistance in hepatitis-B patients
Researchers at Georgetown University Medical Center have discovered a way to predict which hepatitis-B infected patients will respond successfully to the drug lamivudine--one of the most commonly used treatments for this illness--and which are likely to develop drug resistance or reject the drug altogether.

Scientists report discovery of cancer-causing gene in childhood kidney tumor
In a discovery sparked by a routine check-up of a young cancer survivor, researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Children's Hospital Boston have identified a gene responsible for a childhood form of the kidney tumor--papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC).

Game theorist Sandler describes unintended consequences of US counter-terrorism policies
Current world events would not suggest that a decline in terrorism incidents has taken place during the post-Cold War era.

NSF middleware initiative contributes third software release
The National Science Foundation Middleware Initiative (NMI) today issued its third release of software tools carefully chosen for their value and ability to interoperate as part of the emerging NSF cyberinfrastructure for 21st century science and engineering.

Gene therapy may be a cure for post-radical prostatectomy erectile dysfunction
Researchers from the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center have found that gene therapy may not only be a feasible, but also may be an ideal treatment for neuropathic erectile dysfunction (ED).

Dr. Spock's influence still felt as his centennial nears
On May 2, popular baby doctor Benjamin Spock would have turned 100.

Exploring the sights and sounds of a deepwater coral marine protected area off Florida
A team of scientists is exploring the deepwater coral reefs off Florida known as the Oculina Banks, which includes the East Coast's first Marine Protected Area.

SLAC experiment identifies new subatomic particle
The BaBar experiment presented evidence for a new subatomic particle at the DOE's Stanford Linear Accelerator Center.

Sesame oil helps reduce dose of blood pressure-lowering medicine
Cooking with sesame oil in place of other edible oils appears to help reduce high blood pressure and lower the amount of medication needed to control hypertension, researchers reported today at the XVth Scientific Meeting of the Inter-American Society of Hypertension.

SARS could have less serious effects on young children
Preliminary findings from Hong Kong investigators, fast-tracked for publication on the Lancet's website (
Meal skipping helps rodents resist diabetes, brain damage
A new mouse study suggests fasting every other day can help fend off diabetes and protect brain neurons as well as or better than either vigorous exercise or caloric restriction.

Physical activity reduces risk for heart attack and death in men with diabetes
Men with type 2 diabetes can save their lives by walking, and the faster they walk the less likely they are to have a heart attack or stroke, according to new research reported in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Getting the whole picture
Using a combination of MEDLINE and Web search, James Till, Robert Phillips and Alejandro Jadad have detailed the completeness of online databases of breast cancer clinical trials available in Canada.

Terrestrial Plant Invasions in the Temperate South
The workshop's purpose is to provide information about the resource and social problems caused by the spread of nonnative invasive plants in the South.

Drugs in the news
Alan Cassels and colleagues studied newspaper coverage of different prescription drugs in 24 of Canada's largest daily newspapers to determine how well news reports present potential benefits, potential harms and potential conflicts of interest of quoted spokespeople.

Wake Forest scientists develop colony of mice that fight off virulent cancer
Scientists at the Comprehensive Cancer Center of Wake Forest University have developed a colony of mice that successfully fight off virulent transplanted cancers.
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