Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 14, 2003
Treating hypertension, other vascular risks, most important in heart failure
Scientists and physicians studying heart failure should focus on crucial questions surrounding the control of hypertension and other vascular risk factors, say two Penn experts in heart disease in a review of treatment methods for the New England Journal of Medicine.

Putting genes in a pill
Finding new ways to deliver gene therapy without using viruses as carriers is the aim of research by chemist Michael Nantz at UC Davis.

Enzyme could overcome industrial bleaching waste problems
Taken from a microbe out of a Yellowstone National Park hot springs pool, a newly discovered enzyme could lead to an environmental benign treatment for hydrogen peroxide bleaching wastewater.

Queen's study targets family doctors in treatment of obesity
In the wake of recent alarming reports that inactive, overweight Canadians are on a fast track to heart disease, researchers at Queen's University believe their new obesity study will change the way Canadian primary health care is delivered.

Nature designs hard and tough materials at the nanoscale
Max Planck scientists prove that the extreme strength of biomaterials is due to an as yet unknown flaw tolerance threshold in the nanometer range.

Hopkins scientists uncover role of Fanconi's Anemia genes in pancreatic cancer
Scientists at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center have identified three genes, long linked to a rare inherited disease known as Fanconi's Anemia (FA), that now appear to play a role in many cases of pancreatic cancer.

Instruction and permission in eye/brain development
Researchers at UC Davis are challenging the conventional view of how connections form between the optic nerves and the brain.

Tob or Not To Be: Role of tob gene in cancer investigated
A collaboration of Japanese scientists are gaining important new insight into the function of the tob gene, and shedding new light on its role in human cancer.

Alcohol impairs executive cognitive functioning much longer than expected
Executive cognitive functioning (ECF) includes cognitive abilities such as abstract reasoning, planning, and the capacity to govern self-directed behavior.

APS Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics meeting 2003
DAMOP2003 presents the latest research in atomic, molecular and optical physics and covers a diverse range of subjects from the applied fields of medical imaging and geological exploration through to fundamental tests of Einstein's theories of relativity and the fundamental properties of atoms and molecules.

Proportional representation distances MEPs from their constituents
The introduction of proportional representation to elections for the European Parliament has made the British group of MEPs more proportional in party terms, but has also led them to have less contact with their constituents.

Study finds portion of population resistant to infectious Norwalk virus
Noroviruses, which have been especially problematic in the cruise industry in recent years, cause digestive tract infection or irritation resulting in an estimated 23 million infections, 50,000 hospitalizations and 300 deaths nationwide each year.

Magnetic probe for rocks, recordings, nanotechnology
A technique for studying the magnetic properties of rocks developed by earth scientists at UC Davis is drawing attention from other scientists and the magnetic recording industry.

New Hair in 15 Days
Scientists at the University of Michigan Medical School have discovered that the transient activation of a protein called ß-catenin can induce new hair growth.

U-M scientists trigger new hair growth in mice
University of Michigan graduate student David Van Mater knew something strange was going on when he noticed stubble on the shaved skin of experimental mice in his laboratory.

Chronic alcohol abuse damages regulating hormones
Chronic alcohol consumption is associated with higher rates of infections, cardiomyopathy, cardiac arrhythmias, bleeding complications and liver insufficiency.

Landmine blitzing
The Balkans is one of the regions infested with unexploded landmines.

Social stress related to depression in arthritic patients
Depression in women with rheumatoid arthritis may stem from social stresses not related to their disease, a new study suggests.

Bone marrow stem cells may one day help treat damaged livers
Research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis suggests that stem cells from bone marrow or umbilical cord blood may be useful for treating people with liver damage due to cirrhosis, viral infection, trauma, chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

Alcohol consumption increases HIV disease progression of patients receiving antiretroviral therapy
Both alcohol abuse and HIV infection are believed to compromise immune function.

Gold nanoparticles and catalytic DNA produce colormetric lead sensor
Detecting the presence of hazardous lead paint could become as simple as pressing a piece of paper against a wall and noting a color change.

Stock trade patterns could help predict financial earthquakes
Scientists from MIT and Boston University discovered that large-scale events in the stock market adhere to distinct patterns that could be used by analysts to predict a market crash.

Study of thyroxine transporter molecule shows how key hormone hitches a lift round body
Structural analysis has revealed for the first time how a key messenger in the body's chemical communication system hooks up with one of the proteins that delivers it to sites of action in the body.

Study at Mt. Everest finds acetaminophen as effective as ibuprofen for high-altitude headache
In a study conducted near the Mt. Everest Base Camp in Nepal, a Massachusetts General Hospital resident physician and his colleagues have found that acetaminophen is as effective as ibuprofen in treating high-altitude headache.

Nature cover story - Only 10% of all large fish are left in global ocean
The cover story of the May 15th issue of the international journal Nature reveals that we have only 10% of all large fish-- both open ocean species including tuna, swordfish, marlin and the large groundfish such as cod, halibut, skates and flounder-- left in the sea.

An anti-nicotine drug reduces the rewarding effects of alcohol
Mecamylamine is a drug that blocks the effects of nicotine in the brain.

Imperial College London Postgraduate Awards Ceremony 2003
Chairman of the Court and Council, Lord Vincent of Coleshill, today bestows Imperial College London's highest honours at the Postgraduate Awards Ceremony on in the Royal Albert Hall.

New mouse model will aid research on premature aging syndrome
Researchers from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) have developed a mouse model of the premature aging syndrome known as Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS), according to a report appearing in the journal Nature.
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