Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 21, 2003
Memory for music: Musicians don't have to hear themselves perform after they learn a song
Musicians who hear the music they are performing while learning a new piece have a better memory for the music later, a new study suggests.

Antibody coated stent a breakthrough in cardiovascular treatment
An innovative medical discovery that has the potential to vastly improve the lives of people suffering from coronary artery disease was implanted today in the first human patient.

Physicists measure individual electrons in real time
In the May 22 issue of Nature, physicists at Rice University describe the first real-time measurement of individual electrons.

From small change comes big rewards
Officials from Rotary Districts in the three states awarded a research grant of $250,000 to researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine for their work on the prevention of oxidative stress damage - 'brain rust' - present in the brains of people with Alzheimer's disease.

Water treatment reduces risk of Legionnaires'
One county's change in its municipal water treatment system may have significantly reduced its risk from Legionnaires' disease, say researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Contexts is among best New Magazines of 2002
The American Sociological Association (ASA) and the University of California Press (UC Press) are pleased to announce that Library Journal has named Contexts: Understanding People in Their Social Worlds as one of the ten

Chandra provides new view of biggest construction sites in universe
Images made by NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory have revealed two distant cosmic construction sites buzzing with activity.

Gene may produce drought-resistant plants
The identification and duplication of a gene that controls production of plants' outermost protective coating may allow Purdue University researchers to create crops with increased drought resistance.

Graduation may be hazardous to your health
A new report from The Commonwealth Fund reveals that nearly two of five college graduates and half of high school graduates who don't go to college will have a time without health insurance in the first year after graduation.

New treatment choice for people with manic depression
Important developments in the treatment of manic depression were presented for the first time today at the American Psychiatric Association's (APA) annual meeting, the largest psychiatric congress in the world, which indicate that Seroquel (quetiapine) is an effective, well tolerated and fast-acting treatment for the manic symptoms of manic depression.

Low-carbohydrate diet outperforms low-fat diet in VA study
Obese patients on a low-carbohydrate diet for six months lost more weight and fared better on certain cardiovascular and diabetes measures than patients on a low-fat, calorie-restricted diet, according to a Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) study appearing in the May 22 New England Journal of Medicine.

Rush testing kinder, gentler therapy for lung cancer
Oncologists at Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center have begun testing a new medication that seeks to improve lung cancer treatment, reduce chemotherapy's common side effects and decrease infusion time from one hour to about 15 minutes.

Hardly a wonder drug
Two weeks ago, US Food and Drug Administration approved a cancer drug called Iressa.

Children achieve sustained ADHD symptom improvement with long-term, once-daily use of Adderall XR
Shire Pharmaceuticals Group plc (NASDAQ: SHPGY, LSE: SHP.L, TSE: SHQ CN) announced clinical trial results that showed continued, long-term treatment (two-year) using a once-daily mixed salts amphetamine product yielded significant improvements in symptom control and quality of life in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Mouse study suggests mammoth evolutionary change
Biologists at University of Illinois-Chicago find dramatic changes in gene sequence frequencies over a 150 year period in speciments of the common white-footed mouse, collected in the Chicago region.

Botanist explores fascinating world of plant resins and amber in comprehensive new book
From the Stone Age to the present day, people have found a wide range of uses for plant resins and have been fascinated by amber, which is fossilized resin.

Livermore scientists link black hole radiation
Using images from the Keck Observatory and NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory astrophysicists, in conjunction with scientists from Columbia and Cambridge universities, have discovered how the release of energy from massive black holes are shaping two distant galaxies.

GSA Release 03-15: June GSA BULLETIN highlights
The June issue of the GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA BULLETIN includes a number of potentially newsworthy items.

Kids' backpacks may not cause back pain after all
Backpacks have gotten a bad rap. For years, specialists have urged school children to lighten their loads, wear their backpacks on both shoulders and avoid lugging around those heavy school bags whenever possible.

Lithium shows promise against Alzheimer's in mouse model
An enzyme crucial to formation of Alzheimer's plaques and tangles may hold promise as a target for future medications, suggest studies in mice and cells.

Atkins' dieters lose more and improve lipids over conventional dieters
In the first multicenter trial to look at the high-fat, low-carbohydrate Atkins' diet, researchers have found that at three and six months, the Atkins' diet produces significantly greater weight loss than a conventional low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet.

Carnegie Mellon receives $2.3 milliion from ONR to build, test robotic vehicle
Carnegie Mellon University's National Robotics Engineering Consortium has received $2.3 Million from the Office of Naval Research to continue development of the U.S.

African Americans in KY, PA and WV more likely to develop, die from colorectal cancer
African Americans in the three, largely-rural states of Pennsylvania, West Virginia and Kentucky, are more likely to develop colorectal cancer and more likely to die from it than Caucasians, according to a study by researchers at Penn State Milton S.

Health is key to maintaining wealth for seniors
People have one more reason to stay healthy as they grow older: holding onto their retirement savings.

A new antibiotic appears effective against multidrug-resistant TB
A new antibiotic appears effective against deadly strains of tuberculosis resistant to nearly all currently available treatments for the infectious disease, according to NYU School of Medicine physicians.

Model helps scientists home in on tropical climate controls
It has long been known that tropical climate influences weather in other parts of the world.

Red tape squeezes access to mental health care
While competition among managed care organizations is thought to improve access to medical care, the

US demands trials of wrinkle therapy
Regulators in the US are demanding trial results for a wrinkles therapy before approval, while in Britain and other countries the treatment is already available with no requirement for clinical studies.

ADHD kids quality of life significantly improves with long-term, once-daily Adderall XR
Shire Pharmaceuticals Group plc (NASDAQ: SHPGY, LSE: SHP.L, TSE: SHQ CN) announced results from the largest attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) clinical trial conducted to date demonstrating that ADHD children experienced significant quality of life improvements and symptom control when treated with a regimen that included once-daily mixed salts amphetamine product.

Atkins diet shows surprising results, researcher says
A study led by researchers at the Weight and Eating Disorders Program of the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine reports the results of the first controlled trial of the Atkins Diet.

New type of vaccine against nicotine addiction developed by TSRI scientists
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have designed a new way to make vaccines against drugs of abuse that could become a valuable tool for treating addiction by helping the body clear the drug from the bloodstream.

Real-time detection of pathogens in the environment: How close are we?
Stopping outbreaks--whether caused by biological warfare or a salmonella-contaminated salad bar--would be much easier if we could quickly detect the pathogens in real time.

Alchemy with light
Researchers at MIT have demonstrated the ultimate control over light - to shift the frequency of light beams to any desirable colour.

Few microbiological differences in households using antibacterials
A microbiological survey of households finds little significant difference in levels of bacteria or antibiotic resistance between those that use antibacterial cleaning products and those who do not.

Study: Adults maintain significant improvement in ADHD with long-term use of amphetamine
Adults with attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder treated long term with an extended-release mixed-salts amphetamine medication maintained significant symptom improvement with good tolerance, a new study shows.

Automated imaging of brain tissue, high-quality glimpses inside arteries
This year's meeting will feature breakthroughs in medical imaging, homeland security technology and many other areas, introducing the laser technologies of the future and the applications of today.

Environment loses to economic development in local policy-making
Local environmental policy makers are increasingly losing out to their colleagues involved in economic development, as the government has shifted its focus from green issues to regional growth, according to new research funded by the Economic & Social Research Council.

Gamma knife radiosurgery provides long-term control of benign brain tumors, says Pitt study
Treating benign brain tumors with gamma knife radiosurgery resulted in long-term tumor control in 95 percent of patients, according to a study by University of Pittsburgh researchers presented today at the quadrennial meeting of the American Society for Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery in New York.

American College of Preventive Medicine to host conference on Waterborne Disease and Water Terrorism
Some of the nation's top environmental health officials, bioterrorism specialists, and waterborne disease experts will discuss waterborne disease and water terrorism issues during a one-day conference hosted by the American College of Preventive Medicine (ACPM).

UF researchers developing more accurate method to predict rip currents
As people flock to the beach for Memorial Day weekend, the rolling waves and blue seas could hide a deadly threat: rip currents. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to