Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 23, 2003
Researchers aim to centralize N.C. emergency room data to combat epidemics, bioterrorism
Hospital emergency rooms constitute a key part of the first line of defense against infectious disease epidemics like SARS and even bioterrorism, but word of what happens in one emergency room might not get out to others for days or weeks.

Study finds link between inflammatory protein and heart disease among cocaine users
This study found that many chronic cocaine users have elevated levels of serum CRP, a protein associated with inflammation, and a possible marker for future cardiovascular events.

Even 'non-destructive' fishing can threaten coral reef fish
Catching coral reef fish for the aquarium trade used to mean using cyanide or even dynamite, which destroyed much of the reef ecosystem.

Behavioral treatment may reverse brain changes that occur with cocaine use and help prevent relapse
The findings from this study indicate that behavioral-based treatment approaches have the potential to reverse or lessen the harmful neurobiological and behavioral consequences of chronic drug use.

Valcyte(R) gains European approval for prevention of CMV disease after solid organ transplantation
Roche's antiviral drug Valcyte (valganciclovir) received confirmation that the Mutual Recognition Procedure has been completed for the prevention of cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease.

Inflatable fabric airlock breezes through testing
Space just got skinnier: an inflatable fabric airlock could become standard equipment on future space stations after breezing through its prototype testing in April.

Treatment for cocaine addiction may reduce HIV risk
Research indicates that treatment for cocaine addiction, including HIV-risk reduction counseling, may be an effective strategy for preventing HIV infection.

'Bacteria-eating' viruses may spread some infectious diseases
Researchers at The Rockefeller University show that a

Monogamous animals may be more likely to die out
New research reveals a surprising risk factor for extinction: monogamy.

Emory University researchers uncover novel self-assembly of Alzheimer's amyloid fibrils
Researchers at Emory University and Argonne National Laboratory have discovered a new method to manipulate the self-assembly and formation of amyloid fibrils, a major component of brain plaques associated with Alzheimer's disease, thereby opening new avenues for examination of their formation and for the construction of robust nanotubes that have potential applications in research, industry and medicine.

Eating bats linked to neurological disease
Maybe you really are what you eat. This would solve the long-time mystery of why so many of Guam's Chamorro people - up to a third per village -- suffered a devastating neurological disease.

Hospital disinfectant effective against Coronavirus (SARS virus) in decontaminating surfaces
Treating environmental surfaces with a virucidal agent can be an effective method in preventing the spread of Coronavirus which has been determined to be the cause of SARS.

Field receives grant to preserve, conserve Chinese textiles
The Schuster collection is unique and is by far the largest and most exclusive collection of Chinese folk embroidery in the world, including China.

Public health measures can contain SARS, two modeling studies suggest
The SARS virus is contagious enough to cause a very large epidemic if left unchecked, but could nonetheless be controlled with rigorous public health measures, two research teams report.

Rapid infant weight gain linked to obesity in African American young adults
African Americans who gained weight rapidly in the first four months of life were more likely than their peers to be obese as young adults 20 years later, according to a study by a pediatric nutrition specialist at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.

Smallpox vaccine provides more protection than previously thought
Researchers at Oregon Health & Science University have discovered that smallpox vaccine protection may last longer than expected.

Immigrant status and country of origin important in compiling smoking prevalence statistics
By ignoring immigrant status, smoking prevalence statistics may hide segments within broadly defined racial and ethnic groups that have vastly different smoking behaviors than the aggregated group.

Study profiles HIV patients who best comply with medication schedules
Researchers found that HIV patients over the age of 50 who did not abuse drugs and who were free of cognitive impairment had the best adherence rates to antiretroviral treatment.

Just how many species are there, anyway?
One barrier to protecting biodiversity is that there are no good ways of figuring out how many species there are in large areas.
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