Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 27, 2003
When it comes to jealousy, men and women may come from the same planet after all
Men are from Mars and women are from Venus, or so we've been told, and when it comes to jealousy this is especially true.

The seashell's inner beauty
Researchers have developed a nanoscale, layered material that comes close to nacre's properties, including its iridescence.

Slow moving vehicle sign not recognized by drivers
In the first evaluation of motorist comprehension of the Slow Moving Vehicle (SMV) sign, a Penn State researcher found that less than 30 percent of the drivers knew what it meant.

Massive tsunami sweeps Atlantic Coast in asteroid impact scenario for March 16, 2880
Waves as high as 400 feet sweep onto the Atlantic Coast of the United States in a computer simulation of the tsunami resulting from an asteroid impact that could occur on March 16, 2880.

Hot gas around cold dust cloud surprises astronomers
A newly discovered aspect of the Coalsack may soon have astronomers thinking of it more like a treasure chest.

Rates of dementia increase among older women on combination hormone therapy
Older women taking combination hormone therapy had twice the rate of dementia, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), compared with women who did not take the medication, according to new findings from a memory substudy of the Women's Health Initiative (WHI).

Tough new cereals that can withstand poor soil conditions
390 million hectares (circa 80% of the total land area) in Europe is currently laid to waste by acid soil toxicity.

Semiconductor spintronics to revolutionize the electronics industry
Ongoing research into spintronics, a method aimed at enabling spin-polarized current flow through semiconductors, is likely to result in a new class of multifunctional electronics.

Novel flu vaccine shows promise in mice
A new prototype flu vaccine developed by researchers at The Wistar Institute might be able to protect recipients not only against this year's strains of influenza, but also against those yet to come, possibly eliminating the need for an annual shot.

Researchers selectively silence disease-causing gene
University of Iowa researchers have shown that it is possible to silence a mutant gene without affecting expression of the normal gene.

Drugs that treat back pain also improve productivity
A groundbreaking study from the University of Alberta shows that painkillers not only relieve lower back pain but they should improve functionality as well--a finding that may have great significance on the number one problem facing the workforce in North America.

PSA test for prostate cancer shown to have normal fluctuation
A PSA (prostate specific antigen) blood test is part of routine prostate cancer screening for most men over 50.

Reactions to overbooking depend on how remedy is couched
The trick to cajoling guests to return to an overbooked hotel may lie in the impression that getting an upgraded room for their trouble is standard practice, rather than sheer chance, Penn State researchers say.

New national studies show combined hormone replacement therapy boosts stroke, dementia
The latest findings from Women's Health Initiative studies provide new evidence that the combined hormone therapy significantly boosts the risks of dementia and strokes in postmenopausal women while not improving what scientists call

Coastal cities turn up the heat on rainfall
The old song, asking rain to

MDCT is more accurate than X-rays in depicting spine fractures in severe trauma patients
Multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) is more effective than conventional radiographs (x-rays) in helping radiologists pinpoint spine fractures, according to a new study appearing in the June issue of the journal Radiology.

New desert research and education center established
The UC Davis Wildlife Health Center, which conducts long-term ecosystem studies in the Anza-Borrego Desert region of Southern California, is one of three partners in a new regional research and education program.

Eleanor Roosevelt Institute merges with University of Denver
Two of Denver's premier private, nonprofit institutions have joined in a move that will boost Colorado's prominence as a center for biomedical research.

Churches' adoption of information tech may spark social change
Black churches' slow adoption of information technologies (IT) has hampered its access to federally funded programs and its ability to provide members with additional needed social services, according to a Penn State study.

Scientists find genetic link between blood flow patterns and cardiovascular disease
A team of scientists at Emory University and the Georgia Institute of Technology has found a genetic link between mechanical changes in blood flow patterns and the development of atherosclerotic plaques.

System takes from poor schools and gives to the rich, study shows
A new study documents the effects of a system that cuts funding for schools in poorer neighborhoods by $500,000 or more.

Combination hormone replacement therapy doubles dementia risk
Older women who take the most common form of hormone replacement therapy (combined estrogen plus progestin) may double their risk of developing dementia according to research reported by Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center.

The MNI's de Grandpré Communcations Centre wins International Room Competition
The Montreal Neurological Institute's de Grandpré Communications Centre has won the Grand Prize in the Classroom and Training Facilities category in Presentations Magazine's Best Rooms Contest.

Brookhaven Lab & Battelle collaborate on research that may lead to novel anti-microbial drugs
The U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and Battelle of Columbus, Ohio, have joined together in a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) to determine the structures of microbial proteins, research that may lead to the design of novel anti-microbial drugs.

Dairy farmers protect groundwater, save money
Using advice and technology developed in partnership with University of California researchers, San Joaquin Valley dairy farmers are managing their manure lagoons better, thereby lowering fertilizer costs and protecting groundwater.

Residents say 'no' to mammography
A newly published survey of radiology residents revealed that although medical schools are providing more extensive training in breast imaging, the majority of residents do not want to interpret mammograms in their future practices.

Alfred Sommer, Dean, Hopkins School of Public Health wins annual Warren Alpert Foundation prize
Alfred Sommer, MD, MHS, Dean, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, will be honored today with the fifteenth annual Warren Alpert Foundation Scientific Prize for his pioneering work that showed that four cent vitamin A capsules can prevent the deaths of millions of lives and blindness in the developing world.

'Corrosion and Cracking of Welds', an international conference at NPL
The National Physical Laboratory, in association with the European Federation of Corrosion (EFC) and The Institute of Materials, Minerals & Mining (IOM3); is facilitating an international conference on the Corrosion and Cracking of Welds; to be held in London on the 12th and 13th May 2004.

Scientists at NPL sending out 'good vibrations'
On the 31st May 2003, scientists from the National Physical Laboratory along with virtuoso pianist GeNIA will take part in a live experiment involving the latest in electroacoustic music and infrasound bass.

Bahamas serve as test case for marine protected areas
An international team of scientists, including a UC Davis pioneer in the field, will spend five years charting the natural and human impacts as the Bahamian government expands its existing system of marine protected areas (MPAs) to create one of the world's first marine reserve networks.

Scientists use DNA fragments to trace the migration of modern humans
Human beings may have made their first journey out of Africa as recently as 70,000 years ago, according to a new study by geneticists from Stanford University and the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Nature sights and sounds ease pain during common lung procedure
Investigators at Johns Hopkins have strong evidence that distracting patients during and after bronchoscopy with a colorful mural of a meadow and the gurgle of a babbling brook significantly enhances efforts to reduce pain.

Medical-surgical teamwork cures severe insulin condition in newborns
Researchers from The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia successfully cured 91 percent of infants of a rare but serious condition called focal congenital hyperinsulinism (HI).
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