Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 30, 2003
Carnegie Mellon demonstrates autonomous robot
Carnegie Mellon University researchers, working with the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) and the U.S.

Fear of 'foreigners' may slow scientific progress
Saria Mohamed Hassan's dream of becoming a doctor was interrupted for a year when she left the United States to conduct a brief malaria workshop in Dakar, Senegal, and then found herself stranded in a bureaucratic no-man's land: Her international student visa had expired while she was away, and her bid to renew it quickly became mired in a massive, ever-growing backlog of cases under review.

SARS pre-screening protocol developed for AACR Annual Meeting in Washington, D.C.
To provide an additional line of defense against the spread of SARS, the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) has entered into an agreement with International SOS to pre-screen registrants and exhibitors from SARS-affected areas attending its upcoming Annual Meeting in Washington, D.C.

With government nod, gene therapy pioneered at UNC is given to children with rare disorder
A form of gene therapy created and produced at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and approved by the U.S.

Nitric oxide has important role in fever regulation, new study says
Nitric oxide, a pervasive gas involved in countless body functions, has an important role in fever regulation as well, says a Medical College of Georgia researcher.

Xenical(R) significantly improves 5 out of 5 Metabolic Syndrome abnormalities
Xenical® is significantly more effective than diet alone in reducing weight and simultaneously improving cardiovascular risk factors in patients with Metabolic Syndrome, according to new outcomes from the landmark XENDOS study, presented today at the 12th European Congress on Obesity (ECO), Helsinki, Finland.

Study identifies triggers for risky sex among gay men
Gay men who have poor communication skills and feel unable to protect themselves against HIV infection are more likely to engage in risky sexual behaviors, according to newly released data.

U of Minnesota leads effort to break impasse over GMO safety
For the first time, parties on both sides of the controversy over genetically modified food are coming together to set industrywide safety standards.

PNNL findings may help preserve Dungeness crab
A recent Pacific Northwest National Laboratory study has found that salinity levels in the Columbia River estuary may affect crab abundance in the river, a finding that may help protect Dungeness crab in the Columbia.

Latest research in gene therapy presented at 6th Annual ASGT meeting
The 6th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Gene Therapy brings together more than 2,000 researchers, academicians and investigators from around the world to discuss the latest research in gene therapy.

Consumer education and development of bio-sensitive alternatives can revive the plastics industry
With country after country creating legislative and environmental laws to curb the use of plastics, stronger emphasis on recycling and public education on the use and disposal of plastics is vital to the survival of the plastics packaging industry.

Nanotechnology leaders to advise congressional staff
IEEE-USA is co-sponsoring a technical and legislative overview of nanotechnology for congressional staff.

Harnessing computer technology to advance rehabilitative strategies
The current issue of the Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development (JRRD), a publication of Rehabilitation Research and Development Service, Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), includes eight manuscripts that discuss computer technology to advance rehabilitation strategies, impact of smoking on developing ulcers, and postoperative care for amputees.

Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests
The USDA Forest Service Southern Research Station (SRS) has published a new guide for identifying and controlling nonnative invasive plants in Southern forests.

UCSD wins $600k anti-terrorism award
With funding from a federal interagency organization for combating terrorism, scientists at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) are developing an automated system for detecting and tracking faces in a crowd.

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for June 2003 (first issue)
Newsworthy articles feature studies showing that: among 430 patients treated for active tuberculosis, 37 individuals had serious adverse reactions to their prescribed medications, with 20 requiring extended hospitalization; and patients suffering from severe emphysema who took a second 6-minute walk test, commonly used to evaluate functional status in lung disease, had a 7 percent increase in distance walked, plus the shape of the track also affected the participants' final results.

Hypothermia helps brain heal after cardiac arrest, finds University of Pittsburgh study
Cooling body temperature to levels consistent with hypothermia improves survival when induced after cardiac arrest and also promotes growth factors important for the brain's recovery, suggests a study performed by researchers in the department of emergency medicine at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

New international consensus guidelines for new-onset diabetes after transplant
A panel of leading experts from Europe, the USA and Canada today published the first international consensus guidelines on the diagnosis, treatment and management of new-onset diabetes after transplantation.

Lab, OSU join in new microproducts institute
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Oregon State University celebrated a

Mosquitoes infected with La Crosse encephalitis found in four Southwest Virginia counties
Virginia Tech entomologists have documented for the first time the presence of mosquitoes infected with La Crosse virus in four Southwest Virginia Counties.

Aging drivers--when it is time to take away the keys
The safety of most older drivers should be a concern to everyone, yet for those seniors who should no longer be behind the wheel asking them to give up their keys is not as easy as it sounds.

Chamber reveals chemical secrets
What if there were a magical chamber that could divulge the secrets of anything that was placed inside of it?

Laboratory gains research grants
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory came out a winner in two separate U.S.

Technology on the range
Ranchers, farmers, loggers and recreationalists throughout the West are being asked to share range-lands.

Natural resources research helps HIV/AIDS victims
Drugs that can drastically improve and prolong the life of HIV/AIDS patients are simply not accessible for the majority of HIV/AIDS patients in Africa.

PNNL honored for technology transfer
The Federal Laboratory Consortium has bestowed Awards for Excellence in Technology Transfer to Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Acoustic Inspection Device, engine exhaust aftertreatment system.

Researchers identify protein which could help protect against neuro-degenerative conditions
A team of researchers from Imperial College London, the Charing Cross Hospital and University College London have identified a protein which could be used to protect against neuro-degenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, Huntington's, motor neurone diseases and the damage caused by strokes.

Penn researchers each awarded $500K Bristol-Myers Squibb unrestricted research grants
Two researchers from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have received $1 million in no-strings attached grants from the Bristol-Myers Squibb Unrestricted Biomedical Research Program to support their work in the fields of metabolic and neuroscience research.

Nondestructive evaluation improves productivity of manufacturing processes
The increasing design complexity of machinery and demand for component reliability in various industries is highlighting the need for noninvasive evaluation techniques.

Doctors miss chances to help pregnant women quit smoking
Doctors are missing opportunities to help pregnant women quit smoking, a national survey of physicians reveals.

Collaboration at EMSL produces innovative mass spectrometer
The future of proteomics is in good hands with one of the most powerful and versatile mass spectrometers being developed by scientists and engineers from the William R.
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