Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 02, 2003
Donor immune cells attack metastatic breast cancer
In patients with metastatic breast cancer, immune cells from a genetically matched donor can attack and shrink tumors, researchers from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) announced today at the Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology in Chicago.

Protein critical for development in fruit flies found to aid healing of cuts and wounds in mammals
Biologists at the University of California, San Diego have determined that a protein essential for the normal embryonic development of fruit flies is also used by mammals to assist in the timely healing of cuts and lacerations.

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, June 3, 2003
The June 3 edition of the Annals of Internal Medicine includes articles on dementia screening, alternative therapies for back pain and heart risk for smokers.

Women benefit more from quitting smoking than men
New findings from the Lung Health Study (LHS) indicate that, in general, women's lung function improves significantly more than men's after sustained smoking cessation.

Researchers find a link between obesity and periodontal disease
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University have found a significant association between obesity and prevalence of periodontal disease, especially among individuals aged 18 to 34 years.

'Annals' study shows that spinal manipulation is safe alternative to drugs, says ACA
A new study showing that spinal manipulation is just as effective as traditional medical care for treating back pain should come as welcome news to patients looking for safe, drug-free alternatives to medical treatment, according to the American Chiropractic Association (ACA).

Turning foe into friend with lentiviral vectors
Currently, there is no vaccine available that is able to cure cancer.

Russell Berrie Foundation gift to Columbia University propels diabetes treatment into new era
The Russell Berrie Foundation has announced a $12 million gift to Columbia University to fund cellular therapy research toward a cure for diabetes, a disease affecting an estimated 17 million Americans.

Nicotine changes newborn behavior similar to heroin and crack
For the first time, researchers report that nicotine exposure in the womb produces behavioral changes in babies similar to those found in newborns of women who use crack cocaine or heroin during pregnancy.

Statins benefit for kidney-transplant patients
Authors of a study published on The Lancet's website today (
World's largest scientific society convenes regional meeting May 30 - June 2 in Chicago
More than 250 research papers will be presented at the 35th Great Lakes regional meeting of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, in Chicago, May 30-June 2.

Preliminary results of ITN multicenter islet transplant trial released
Preliminary results from the Immune Tolerance Network multicenter study of the Edmonton Protocol for islet transplantation confirm that the procedure has been successfully replicated at other clinical centers.

New chemotherapy combination lengthens survival in late stage stomach cancer patients
Adding docetaxel to the most commonly used combination chemotherapy improved tumor regression rate, delayed tumor growth and prolonged survival for patients with advanced stomach cancer, according to interim results of a Phase III international clinical trial presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology.

New method for manufacturing compound has potential for cancer treatment
A new method for inexpensively manufacturing a family of chemical compounds with important applications for industry, agriculture, drug manufacturing and possibly even in treating various types of cancers has been devised by a researcher at the Hebrew University School of Pharmacy.

Study: Stroke victims may retain continuous motion ability
Stroke victims may retain more motor coordination than previously thought, according to research led by Purdue University.

ARC partners with US company to research and field-test future energy reserves
The Alberta Research Council (ARC) has formed an alliance with TerraTek Inc. of Salt Lake City, Utah to provide integrated field services for research activities and field-testing of unconventional natural gas, including coalbed methane (CBM), shale gas, and tight gas in Western Canada.

Chemical turns stem cells into neurons say scientists at Scripps Research Institute
A group of researchers from The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) and the Genomics Institute of the Novartis Research Foundation (GNF) have identified a small chemical molecule that controls the fate of embryonic stem cells.

Federal task force study on dementia screening
U.S. Preventative Services Task Force found that insufficient data exists to indicate whether it is a good idea or not to administer dementia screening tests to patients who do not have symptoms of memory loss or confusion.

Combination treatment saves voice in patients with laryngeal cancer
Patients with cancer of the larynx are likely to retain their voice and avoid surgery if they are treated simultaneously with chemotherapy and radiotherapy, say investigators who have conducted a nationwide study.

Research shows similarities between infants learning to talk, birds learning to sing
How infants respond to their mother's touches and smiles influences how they learn to talk in a manner much like what young birds experience when learning to sing, according to research by scientists at Indiana University Bloomington and Franklin and Marshall College.

Genetically modified fat protects mice from obesity
Fat has long been recognized as an important source of energy.

Victims of child abuse may have hidden head injuries
Abused children may have hidden head injuries that go undetected by routine examination and screening, according to new research from The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.

Dr. Thomas Rossby receives Walter Munk Award for research Related to Sound and the Sea
Dr. Thomas Rossby of the University of Rhode Island will receive the Walter Munk Award for distinguished research in oceanography related to sound and the sea.

Fiber-boosted formula for piglets shows promise in battle against infant diarrhea
Adding fiber to the diet for bowel health is standard advice for adults.

Bold approach has lung transplant patients taking fewer anti-rejection drugs
The University of Pittsburgh has instituted a new clinical protocol that has the potential to redefine the standard of care for lung transplant patients.

Treatment for acne may cause the appearance of discolored gums
A case report published in this month's Journal of Periodontology reported that minocycline, a commonly prescribed antibiotic in the treatment of acne and rheumatoid arthritis, can cause the teeth and bone to discolor, which may make gum tissue to appear blackish-blue in color.

Gene defect produces lupus-like disorder
Howard Hughes Medical Institute researchers have discovered a new type of genetic malfunction that causes an autoimmune disease in mice that resembles systemic lupus erythematosus in humans.

Charles Petit, Patric Senson, and Jim Handman win AGU journalism awards
Charles Petit, science writer for U.S. News & World Report, and Patric Senson and Jim Handman, producers of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's Quirks & Quarks radio program, are the winners of the American Geophysical Union's 2003 journalism awards.

Studies of liver transplant patients off anti-rejection drugs have altered cell profile
Liver transplant patients who are off all immunosuppression and those who are undergoing successful weaning of their anti-rejection drugs have higher concentrations of a special immune system cell than those patients who have failed attempts at weaning or who have a history of organ rejection, report University of Pittsburgh researchers.

Men don't recognize their breast cancer until a late stage
Breast cancer in men is usually detected when the tumors are bigger, have spread and may be more aggressive, compared to diagnosis of the disease in women, concludes the largest study ever conducted of male breast cancer.

Molecular test shows specific gene patterns correlate to response to EGFR
Researchers at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center report that a molecular test was used to identify a panel of genes that correlated with tumor response to gefitinib or IressaTM, a drug developed by AstraZeneca and recently approved by the FDA, that shrinks tumors in 10-12 percent of patients with advanced lung cancer.

Accurate diagnosis of early stage uterine cancer requires lymph-node check
Research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis suggests that the accurate diagnosis of early stage endometrial cancer requires that the abdominal lymph nodes always be removed and checked for signs of cancer.

Researchers identify fatty-acid oxidation as additional source of nutrients in the placenta
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas have helped discover that an expectant mother's placenta nourishes her fetus by oxidizing fatty acids in addition to providing the developing fetus with glucose - previously believed to be the placenta's only energy source.

Latest research on possible causes of violent behavior explored in C&EN article
Flawed brain chemistry, brain damage, genetic defects, an unhealthy psychological environment - take them individually or mix them together and you may have the right ingredients for violent behavior.

Urban children's low perceptions of health could hinder educational success
Children in urban elementary schools perceive their health-related quality of life to be low as early as the second grade.

Children's Hospital Boston finds capacity can be increased by smoothing scheduled patient flow
In the first publication on the application of variability methodology to estimate the direct impact of patient flow variability on access to medical care, doctors at Children's Hospital Boston and professors at Boston University School of Management have identified an encouraging way effective management can improve patient care.

Schizophrenia study to hunt for genetic causes
Specific information processing abnormalities and brain-related circuit dysfunction in schizophrenia patients may be the keys to finding the genetic basis of this puzzling mental illness that affects more than two million Americans.

Early phase cancer treatments prove promising
New cancer treatments, some developed in laboratories at University Hospitals of Cleveland and Case Western Reserve University, are showing early promise in hard-to-treat and recurrent cancers.
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