Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 09, 2003
High percentage of N.C. children suffer undiagnosed asthma, new study shows
A new first-of-its kind University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill survey of 122,829 children at 499 N.C. middle schools has turned up disturbing information about asthma, now the most common chronic childhood disease in the United States.

9/11 boosted trust in government, temporary distress, research shows
Analyses of responses given by thousands of young U.S. adults interviewed shortly after the horrific events of Sept.

Smoking in movies influences teenagers to start smoking
Researchers from Dartmouth Medical School, Dartmouth College and the Norris Cotton Cancer Center at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center report that viewing smoking in movies strongly predicts whether or not adolescents will try smoking.

Jaw pain: First comes TMD, then fibromylagia?
Getting to the root of diagnosing orofacial pain, a condition affecting more than 15 million Americans, can be frustrating for patients and a daunting task for physicians and dentists.

Award-winning human eye model gages risks of military helicopter airbag use
Airbags, which have been saving the lives of automobile passengers for several years, are now planned for use in military helicopters.

NPL and the DTI set up the Performance Programme Formulation Workshop
The National Physical Laboratory (NPL) and the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) will be holding an industry consultation workshop for the Measurements for Materials Performance programme on 10th July 2003 at BSI British Standards HQ, London.

Smoking in movies influences teenagers to start smoking
Research to be published on The Lancet's website (
Mayo Clinic links early heart artery abnormality to increased stroke risk
Patients with an early stage of vascular disease that prevents heart arteries from expanding normally are at significantly increased risk not only for heart attack but also for stroke, according to findings of a Mayo Clinic study published June 10 in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Researchers able to monitor hurricanes' effects on North Carolina's barrier islands, sounds
Predictions call for more hurricanes in the Atlantic than usual this season, which could mean big changes are in store for the coastline and sounds, Duke University professors say.

Asian Americans at heightened risk of 'silent' heart disease
Asian Americans beware: You may not feel it but you may be at increased risk - heart disease, that is.

Salt levels in rain provide clues to hurricane formation
University of Houston scientists are testing the waters - literally - with a new salt-detection device specially designed to collect data from rain and water vapor in tropical cyclones, all in an effort to better understand how tropical storms form and intensify into hurricanes.

UT Southwestern researchers find immune system stages for eliminating viral infections, cancer cells
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas have partially uncovered the stages in the elimination of viral infections and cancer cells by the human immune system, a finding that may lead to better treatments for certain cancers.

Vehicle traffic associated with increased carcinogen levels
Researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health have learned that assessing a community's cancer risk could be as simple as counting the number of trucks and cars that pass through the neighborhood.

American Psychological Association's 111th annual convention to be held in Toronto August 7-10, 2003
Psychologists will be looking at new ways to combat stress, understand the differences in brain structure to help people learn and overcome addictions and ways to improve student learning during the 111th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (APA).

Study of Father's, Mother's Day yields surprises
Dads receive less attention on Father's Day than Moms do on Mother's Day, but are generally more satisfied with their special day, a study finds.

NCAR scientists win award for in-flight turbulence prediction
A warning system to help pilots navigate storms without encountering air turbulence has earned a NASA award for its design team at the National Center for Atmospheric Research.

High cholesterol in early childhood predicts high cholesterol later
Three- and four-year-old children who have high cholesterol levels are likely to have high cholesterol levels later in childhood, which is a concern because elevated cholesterol levels that appear early in life tend to persist to adulthood.

Zap dirty dentures: Two-minute microwave treatment kills bad bacteria
Traditional denture soaking methods often do not leave dentures completely bacteria-free.

Researchers combine electronics with living cell to create potential toxicity sensor
Researchers have found a way to tap into the telltale electrical signals that mark cell death, opening the door to the creation of a

Mouse study identifies protective mechanism against alcohol-induced embryo toxicity
Researchers have identified a mechanism by which the eight amino acid peptide NAP, an active fragment of a neuroprotective brain protein, protects against alcohol-induced embryo toxicity and growth retardation in mice.

Researchers learning how food-borne bacteria make you sick
Whether food-borne bacteria make people sick depends on a variety of factors, and better understanding of the infection process could lead to ways to stop such illnesses from occurring, according to Purdue University scientists.

Parkinson's disease linked to high iron intake
People with high levels of iron in their diet are more likely to develop Parkinson's disease, according to a study in the June 10 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Biotechnology taught as a tool for teaching
The global threat of Ebola Virus, biologically-inspired materials development at NASA, and work toward enhancing the nutrient value of foods through transgenics are among topics to be discussed at the 8th Biotechnology Educators' Conference at Virginia Tech July 16 to 19.

Neural stem cells take a step closer to the clinic
Scientists working with cells that may someday be used to replace diseased or damaged cells in the brain have taken neural stem cell technology a key step closer to the clinic.

Powering fuel cells: oxide materials may facilitate small-scale hydrogen production
A unique group of oxide materials that readily gives up and accepts oxygen atoms with changes in temperature could be the basis for a small-scale hydrogen production system able to power fuel cells in homes -- and potentially in automotive applications.

Study: Transferred patients hurt big hospitals' rankings
In an era when hospital rankings steer the nation's health care decisions, a new study finds that major medical centers may be getting penalized for doing what they do best: taking care of the patients that no other hospital can or will treat.

Bleed-detecting MRI may identify dangerous plaque
A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique that evaluates bleeding within plaque-clogged arteries may warn of an impending stroke or heart attack, according to two studies published in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Anthropologist predicts major threat to species within 50 years
If the world's human population continues to rise at its current rate, the planet will increase the numbers of threatened species at least 7 percent worldwide in the next 20 years and twice that many by the year 2050.

Healthy diet now, saves on health care costs later
Baby boomers, it's not too late - adopting a healthy diet now can lower health care costs when you're older.

Polynesian men at risk of sudden unexplained deaths
Mention Lai Thai to a native Thai man and you may to see fear in his eyes.

Workshop: Will today's innovations in graduate education meet the challenges of the future?
Advanced education faces significant challenges from the impact of changing population demographics, the information technology revolution, the globalization of science, and evolving workforce needs, but lacks key data needed to evaluate educational innovations, according to participants of the National Science Foundationhosted

With body dysmorphic disorder, sufferers only see flaws
With the number of elective cosmetic dentistry procedures being performed on the rise, dentists may be the first health care provider to notice body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) and intervene, according to a study in a recent 2003 issue of General Dentistry, the clinical, peer-reviewed journal of the Academy of General Dentistry (AGD).

University of Pittsburgh scientists awarded for outstanding cancer research contribution
Yuan Chang, M.D., and Patrick S. Moore, M.D., M.P.H., have been awarded the Charles S.

Researchers uncover link between stroke and common treatment
Researchers at Wake Forest University School of Medicine have discovered that a relatively common treatment for a diverse group of diseases may induce stroke in a small percentage of the population.

OSU weather forecasting tool outperforms competing models
The dramatic rescue of a physician from a remote science station at the South Pole two years ago provided researchers here with an opportunity to test how well current weather forecast models actually perform.

2nd European Cancer Patient Seminar
People with cancer, doctors and politicians are joining forces in Edinburgh on June 20 and 21 to improve the care of patients with cancer.

Immigrant lifestyle change influences stroke risk
Modifying lifestyle and diet reduced stroke incidence among Chinese immigrants to the United States.

A bacterial inflammatory protein linked with heart disease risk
Italian researchers have found another link between inflammation and heart disease, they report in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Antarctic research vessel heads north to map Arctic waters
An ice-breaking Antarctic research vessel will sail to the Arctic for the first time this summer to conduct a comprehensive survey of the chemistry, temperature and other characteristics of the waters off Alaska.

Scientists explore New England seamounts for clues to climate change
Scientists are exploring the New England Seamounts, a chain of extinct, undersea volcanoes about 500 miles off the east coast of North America, searching for clues to climate change in deep sea corals.

Study suggests anti-smoking messages not reaching rural Hawaiians
Despite the hundreds of thousands of dollars spent on anti-smoking messages each year, about one in four rural Hawaiians continues to light up.

'Lost' protein may lead to new prostate cancer treatment
Northwestern University researchers have found that a protein normally made in the body is critical for normal prostate growth regulation because mice that lack this protein develop an enlarged prostate.

Xyzal shows significant improvements in quality of life for persistent allergic rhinitis sufferers
New data presented at the 22nd European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology (EAACI), 7 - 11 June 2003, in Paris, France, today show that Xyzal® (levocetirizine) significantly improves patients' quality of life by 47.5% when compared to placebo, in patients with persistent allergic rhinitis (PER).
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