Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 10, 2003
Fosrenol (TM), first non-calcium phosphate binder, demonstrates long-term benefit in ESRD patients
Shire Pharmaceuticals Group plc announces that its candidate phosphate binder, FOSRENOLTM (lanthanum carbonate) for use in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients, has become the first non-calcium phosphate binder to demonstrate sustained efficacy and a good safety profile during three years of treatment, according to new data presented today at the World Congress of Nephrology.

U-M study: Physicians perceive health care cost savings line pockets of insurance companies
At a time when health care costs are rising, a new study led by a University of Michigan Health System doctor finds that many physicians think their efforts at saving money don't directly impact patients.

Navigating the e-mail labyrinth
Researchers working at the University of Southern California have created a new tool for organizing and visualizing collections of electronic mail.

Premenopausal breast cancer linked with place of birth, residence at time of menarche
Geographers and epidemiologists from the University at Buffalo, using life-course data from a cohort of breast cancer patients and controls in Western New York and geographic information systems technology, have shown that women who developed breast cancer before menopause tend to cluster based on where they were born and where they lived at the time they began menstruating.

Off-pump bypass results in fewer complications
Patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery may have fewer neurological complications after surgery if a pump supporting the heart and lungs is not used.

A new aluminium alloy to improve aircraft brakes
A new aluminium alloy eases manufacturers' fears of failure by handling the heat better.

Close communication between identical twins helps them live longer
A new study of twins shows the importance of social networks in a healthy and long life.

Aspirin as effective as Ticlopidine in African American stroke prevention
Results from the African American Antiplatelet Stroke Prevention Study (AAASPS), a large multicenter trial of 1,809 African American stroke patients from over 60 sites in the United States, show that aspirin is as effective as ticlopidine for prevention of a second stroke in this population.

Miniature mix-ups to speed materials research
A new National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) project aims to stir up materials research by adapting

Researchers identify shift towards more treatable AIDS-related lymphoma
Since the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) to treat HIV, physicians have seen an improvement in the prognosis for patients with AIDS-related lymphomas.

Deciphering how arteries contribute to hypertension
National Institute of Standards and Technology materials researchers are working with two Denver health-care organizations to study the materials properties of rat arteries to help determine how high blood pressure causes arteries to stiffen.

Barrel structure in globular proteins may transport small molecules
The ability of proteins to guide small molecules to reaction sites and across membranes is essential to many metabolic pathways, but the process is not well understood.

An eye for scent marks
Humans and most other mammals cannot see ultraviolet (UV) light, whereas some rodents can.

Study shows restricted activities predict decline; UNC physician urges acceptance of the inevitable
For older people not otherwise at high risk of disabilities that cut into their daily life, restricted activities they experience are an important predictor of functional decline and not just a benign feature of old age, a new study concludes.

Chemists unlock secret to activating tumor suppressor gene
A team of chemists reports its findings on the way the PTEN gene, a known tumor suppressor, works.

First soybeans grown in space similar to Earth-grown crops
In unprecedented space research, DuPont scientists have discovered that soybeans grown in space are similar to earth-grown crops - unleashing the ability to sustainably grow vegetation to support long-term human presence in space.

One thousand 'wonderful' stars discovered in Centaurus A
An international team of astronomers has discovered more than 1000 luminous red variable stars of the so-called

Ensuring the safety of first responder gas masks
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has teamed up with other federal agencies to develop a full suite of gas mask standards for civilian workers.

New herbal drug therapy effective in treating vascular dementia
For centuries, the herb Chinese gastrodine has been used in China to treat disorders such as dizziness, headache and even ischemic stroke.

When dads clean house, it pays off big time
Sociologists Scott Coltrane and Michele Adams of the University of California, Riverside, looked at national survey data and found that school-aged children who do housework with their fathers are more likely to get along with their peers and have more friends.

Triple-drug HIV therapy doesn't raise total and LDL lipids, say Pittsburgh researchers
Treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), commonly known as triple-drug therapy, does not appear to raise cholesterol levels in men with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), according to researchers at the University of Pittsburgh.

Atmospheric mercury has declined -- But why?
The amount of gaseous mercury in the atmosphere has dropped sharply from its peak in the 1980s and has remained relatively constant since the mid 1990s.

San Diego to host IPv6 global summit
Pioneering developers and early adopters of the next generation Internet Protocal version 6 (IPv6) are heading to San Diego June 24-27 for the biggest event of its kind -- the North American IPv6 Global Summit, co-sponsored by the California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology [Cal-(IT)²], UCSD's Jacobs School of Engineering, San Diego State University and nearly two dozen other organizations.

Ultra-cold substance shows stripes -- behavior explained
Physicists at Ohio State University may have explained some strange behavior of the ultra-cold material known as Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC).

Cracking the nanonewton force barrier
How do you weigh a dust mite? Or determine the force required to pull a molecule apart?

Pittsburgh hosting Fifth International Conference on Bipolar Disorder
Experts from around the world are putting advances in bipolar disorder in the international spotlight at the Fifth International Conference on Bipolar Disorder in Pittsburgh, June 12-14.
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