Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 12, 2003
Seroquel: Effective and well tolerated treatment for bipolar disorder
Important new data presented today at the fifth International Conference on Bipolar Disorder (ICBD) confirms that Seroquel (quetiapine) monotherapy is as effective as current treatments for bipolar disorder and offers improved tolerability benefits.

Should drug companies be allowed to talk to patients?
If people are to become more involved in their own health care, they must be able to gain access to high quality, balanced, accurate, and up to date information, but should this information come from drug companies?

Study finds statins would cut heart attacks and strokes by a third in people with diabetes
Study finds statins would cut heart and strokes by a third in people with diabetes and doctors should routinely consider giving cholesterol-lowering statins to anyone with diabetes who has a substantial risk of a heart attack or a stroke, according to research to be published (Saturday 14 June) in The Lancet medical journal.

Resolving the ethical pitfalls of intimate examinations
Intimate examinations are one of patients' greater worries. In this week's BMJ, readers respond to a survey of medical students published earlier this year, which suggested that many examinations are carried out without adequate patient consent.

Silent DNA architecture helps block cancer cell growth
Cancer cells can detect that they are abnormal and kill themselves, or remain alive indefinitely but cease proliferating, through two intrinsic processes called programmed cell death and cellular senescence.

No evidence that obese people are at higher risk of complications after surgery
Results of a prospective study in this week's issue of The Lancet suggest that excluding obese people from surgery because of fears about postoperative complications is unjustified.

Southwestern consortium pursues radio telescope project
Working closely with Los Alamos National Laboratory as part of the Southwest Consortium, officials at the University of New Mexico announced today that they are leading the effort to propose a new low frequency radio astronomy observatory be built in a region covering New Mexico and Western Texas.

CEnIT seed grant grows a helping hand
Researchers at Louisiana Tech are testing personal digital assistants - PDAs - as a way to support diagnosis and treatment of mood disorders.

QuikClot (TM) will be made available to public
If the Office of Naval Research has it's way, horrific scenes like those in Columbia Pictures' Black Hawk Down, where an Army Ranger in Somalia's Mogadishu bleeds to death after his buddies desperately try to clamp his gushing femoral artery wound, won't happen again.

The Plasti-Bone
When an arm or a leg bone is severely crushed or damaged by disease or cancer, physicians usually cannot set it and bone grafts, or amputation - until now - has remained a primary option.

Women's first stroke more severe and disabling than men's
Women have more severe first strokes at an older age than men and remain more disabled, Spanish researchers report in today's rapid access issue of Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Breakthrough 'interface tuning' is macro step for microelectronics
The ability to make atomic-level changes in the functional components of semiconductor switches, demonstrated by a team of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, North Carolina State University and University of Tennessee physicists, could lead to huge changes in the semiconductor industry.

Natural selection's fingerprint identified on fruit fly evolution
Researchers at the University of Rochester have produced compelling evidence of how the hand of natural selection caused one species of fruit fly to split into two more than 2 million years ago.

Changing global nitrogen cycle impacting human health, says Colorado University-led study
Despite greatly increasing food production for humans, the growing use of nitrogen as a nutrient is affecting people's health far beyond just the benefits of growing more crops, according to a new University of Colorado at Boulder-led study.

Portable CT scanner joins hunt for alternative energy
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory scientists have developed the world's first x-ray computed tomography (CT) scanner capable of examining entire core samples at remote drilling sites.

New UK study of nanotechnology - the small-scale science
The UK Government has today launched a new independent study to examine in detail the benefits and risks of nanotechnology.

SARS death rate lower in countries responding aggressively to initial outbreak
Death rates from SARS have varied widely from country to country, suggesting to some that there are different strains of the virus that differ in virulence.

Scientists close in on understanding learning and memory
For decades, scientists have proposed that learning occurs and memories are stored when connections among nerve cells are weakened or strengthened, but there's been no direct way to prove it.

Organization for Human Brain Mapping 2003 Annual Meeting
The latest developments in the field of functional brain imaging will be presented at the annual meeting of the Organization for Human Brain Mapping, the primary meeting at which brain researchers throughout the world present their most recent findings.

Blood test could detect heart attack early
Researchers in Canada are developing a new blood test that they say shows promise of becoming a quicker and more accurate method for diagnosing whether patients with chest pain are having a heart attack.

Treat me as a person not just a number, say patients
Not being able to see a doctor who knows you or with whom you have developed a relationship could have an impact on your personal care, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Can being a patient help make a better doctor?
What happens when doctors are told they have chronic conditions?

Study suggests difference between female and male sexuality
A new Northwestern University study boosts the relatively limited research on women's sexuality with a surprisingly different finding regarding women's sexual arousal.

Low-dose 'pill' may have less stroke risk for young women
Newer, low-dose birth control pills seem to carry less stroke risk than high-dose pills for young women, but should be prescribed with care, according to an Australian study published in today's rapid access issue of Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Renal amyloidosis worsens the Familial Mediterranean Fever prognosis
Wednesday, 11th June 2003, World Congress of Nephrology, Berlin, Germany - Data presented today show that the occurrence of renal amyloidosis (RA) worsens the Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) prognosis, according to Dr Hedi Ben Maïz from the Department of Nephrology and Internal Medicine, Charles Nicolle Hospital, Tunisia.

Carnegie Mellon hosts Cyber Corps
Carnegie Mellon received more than $4 million in grants through the National Science Foundation's Federal Cyber Service program to award scholarships to studnets who study information security.

A different antiviral for treating SARS
A preliminary study published as a fast-track research letter in this week's issue of The Lancet suggests that the antiviral agent glycyrrhizin could be more effective than other antivirals in the treatment of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).

Carnegie Mellon develops new research and educational partnerhsip with Taiwan
Carnegie Mellon University reached a research and educational partnership deal with Taiwan to collaborate on circuit design and computer chip security.

Statins should be routine therapy for people with diabetes
The risk of cardiovascular disease for people with diabetes could be substantially reduced with the routine use of statins, conclude authors of a study in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Assertive patients are 'deepening inequalities in health care'
Assertive patients who swallow up doctors' time with lists of questions are increasing health inequalities by leaving needier patients waiting, according to an article in this week's BMJ.

Don't take your health for granted, says Christopher Reeve
The actor Christopher Reeve was thrust into the limelight after a riding accident in 1995 left him severely disabled.

Scientists may have succeeded in reproducing matter as it first appeared after the Big Bang
Recent results of a joint experiment conducted by physicists from research institutions in 12 countries strongly indicate that the scientists have succeeded in reproducing matter as it first appeared in the universe.

K-State professor examines connections between food, culture and psychology in new book
What you eat can tell researchers a lot about who you are and to which social class you belong.

IV infustions of human umbilical cord blood stem cells benefit rodents with ALS, spinal cord injury
Stem cells from human umbilical cord blood (HUCB) migrate to damaged areas in the brain and spinal cord caused by disease or injury and provide some therapeutic benefit, two new animal studies by researchers at the University of South Florida Center of Excellence in Aging and Brain Repair found.

Latest RHIC results to be presented at Brookhaven
Scientists conducting research at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), the world's largest facility for research in nuclear physics, will present results from their latest experiments at a special scientific colloquium at Brookhaven Lab on Wednesday, June 18, 2003, 11 a.m.

Surgery to prevent stroke worthwhile among those over age 80
People 80 years and older at high risk for stroke can greatly benefit from surgery to reduce their risk, according to a report in today's rapid access issue of Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Brain imaging study reveals interplay of thought and emotion in economic decisions
For many people who follow America's financial markets, it is clear that economic decisions people make are not always rational.

Emerging Technologies shift the automotive industry into top gear
Emerging technologies are changing the face of the automotive industry as we know it, as they increasingly transform the cars of today into more sophisticated, intelligent entities.

'Obesity is a family illness': Research offers clues on how to stop the cycle
Research from the Saint Louis University School of Public Health suggests new strategy to address the obesity epidemic.

Team finds immediate predecessor of modern humans
An international team of scientists, including a researcher from Los Alamos National Laboratory, has discovered fossilized skulls that lend further credence to the hypothesis that modern humankind originated in Africa.

Further evidence that vitamin supplements do not protect against cardiovascular disease
A meta-analysis of randomised trials in this week's issue of The Lancet provides further evidence that antioxidant vitamins are not effective in reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Patients removed from GP lists feel victimised
Patients who are removed from a general practitioner's list feel threatened and see their removal as an attack on their right to be an NHS patient, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

World's largest scientific society convenes regional meeting June 12-14 in Bozeman, Mont.
More than 200 research papers will be presented at the 58th Northwest regional meeting of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, in Bozeman, Mont., June 12-14.

NHGRI study may help scientists develop safer methods for gene therapy
Researchers at the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) may have taken a major step towards safer gene therapy for patients.

European-style networks of firms may hold key to building wireless market share
American wireless companies searching for a business model to build market share can look to European providers who are creating networks of firms to roll out new information and entertainment services, says a Penn State researcher.
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