Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 16, 2003
New Zealand biotech: An emerging global presence
More than one dozen New Zealand companies, involved in a range of leading-edge human therapeutics and agricultural products, are participating in BIO 2003 in Washington, DC, each representing world-class biotech innovation and a powerful product pipeline.

Inherited gene may place some at higher risk of post-traumatic injury seizures
People who inherit a particular gene involved in lipid metabolism in the brain appear to be at higher risk of developing seizures after traumatic brain injury, according to researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas.

Some 400 'fragile regions' of genome more vulnerable to evolutionary breaks
UCSD researchers have uncovered evidence that major evolutionary changes are more likely to occur in approximately 400 'fragile' genomic regions that account for only 5 percent of the human genome.

Study links common indicator of early puberty to obesity and breast cancer
A new Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center study has discovered that girls whose onset of puberty is marked by breast development are more likely to be obese by late adolescence than young girls whose first sign of puberty is pubic hair.

Stanford-led team makes strides toward better endometriosis diagnosis, treatment
A team of researchers is using microarray technology to identify genes likely to contribute to endometriosis, a disease which affects 10 to 15 percent of women of reproductive age and 35 to 50 percent of women with infertility.

Birds do it. Bugs do it. But why don't we?
Many creatures including our fellow primates the New World Monkeys rely on highly specific scent molecules called pheromones to find a suitable mate.

Curtain-lifting winds allow rare glimpse into massive star factory
Based on a vast observational effort, ESO-astronomer Dieter Nuernberger has obtained a first glimpse of the very first stages in the formation of heavy stars, critical phases of stellar evolution that are normally hidden from the view.

Transplantation tolerance: Of mice and men
Little is known about the effect of an individual's immune history on their response to a donated tissue transplant.

Body's internal clock is set by newly discovered light detection system in the eye
Many of the body's responses to large changes in environmental light are controlled by a newly discovered light detection system in the eye, scientists report today.

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, June 17, 2003
Topics in the June 17 publication of Annals of Internal Medicine include pneumococcal vaccine for people 50 to 64; quality improvement and patient safety; new insulin drug; and, inhaled steroids in COPD.

Oregon chemist receives award for aiding scientific discovery
Richard P. Haugland, Ph.D., of Molecular Probes Inc. in Eugene, Ore., was honored June 13 by the American Chemical Society for developing new tools to help researchers explore the frontiers of science.

New biography details adventures of 'Fritz Muller, A Naturalist in Brazil'
While studying non-toxic butterflies that have evolved to mimic toxic butterflies, David West became familiar with Fritz Muller, a pivotal figure in the history of Darwinism and the development of the theory of evolution.

Social survey reveals rapidly developing sense of community in fast-growing Phoenix
Phoenix, one of the ten largest cities in the country, is unusual in that its population is largely made up of transplants who tend to move frequently.

Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Disease
A new report is available from the joint meeting of the Society for Women's Health Research and the University of Wisconsin Medical School,

Plant diversity threatened by climate change and buildup of greenhouse gas, study reveals
Doubling the amount of carbon dioxide in the air significantly reduces the number of plant species that grow in the wild, according to a new study in the June 16 edition of PNAS Online.

Blame, not just poor economy, needed to impact voting
People who are experiencing financial hardship are more likely to vote if they blame the government for the bad economy.

Mothers know best about child's smoke exposure
Mothers have a good idea about the amount of secondhand smoke their children are exposed to at home, which often corresponds with biological indicators of risky levels of exposure, according to a new study in the journal Nicotine & Tobacco Research.

Call for revolution in public health to prevent 10 million child deaths every year
The Lancet is joining leading public-health scientists and international agencies in calling for a revolution in strategies for child health to tackle a global disaster: the deaths of over 10 million children under five years of age every year.

Shedding of thyrotropin receptor subunit causes Graves disease
Graves disease came to national attention in the early 1990s when former United States President and First Lady, George and Barbara Bush, developed the condition.

Some gun dealers willing to make illegal sales
Some gun dealers are willing to sell handguns even when the buyer indicates the end user is prohibited from purchasing a firearm, according to a unique UCLA survey of dealers in 20 of the nation's largest cities.

Millennium baby findings
Just how old are Britain's oldest dads? Findings from a new study of nearly 19,000 babies born in the first two years of the 21st Century show that Britain's oldest new father is at least 69.

UGA researcher receives patent for remediation technologies
An Austrian patent for an invention that combines two remediation technologies - phytoextraction (a form of phytoremediation) and in-situ immobilization (a form of chemical sequestration) of heavy metals and radionuclides - has been awarded to Domy Adriano of the University of Georgia's Savannah River Ecology Laboratory (SREL); Judith Unterkoefler, formerly of SREL; and Walter Wenzel of the Universitat fur Bodenkultur in Vienna, Austria.

UC Riverside's Brian Federici receives Secretary's Annual Honor Award from USDA
Brian Federici, professor of entomology and entomologist at UC Riverside, has been recognized with one of the 2003 Department of Agriculture (USDA) Secretary's Annual Honor Awards in the category 'Promoting health by providing access to safe, affordable, and nutritious food.' The award was presented to Federici on Friday, June 13th, 2003, in Washington, DC.

World's first tunable 'photon copier' on a chip enables key function for all-optical network
A research team has for the first time incorporated on a single chip both a widely tunable laser and an all-optical wavelength converter, thereby creating an integrated photonic circuit for transcribing data from one color of light to another.

Exclusive pre-BIO conference preview by president/media availability
Carl Feldbaum, president and chief spokesperson for the Biotechnology Industry Organization, is available one-on-one for interviews prior to BIO 2003, the largest biotechnology conference in history.

Neandertal facial length issue settled
New scientific evidence challenges a common perception that Neandertals -- a close evolutionary relative to modern humans that lived 230,000 to 30,000 years ago -- possessed exceptionally long faces.

Richland, Wash., chemist receives award for materials research
Dean Matson, Ph.D., of the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, Wash., was honored June 13 by the American Chemical Society for creating durable plastic-ceramic coatings that protect electronic displays from moisture and oxygen.

Mayo Clinic finds key digestive role for 'silent killer'
A colorless, odorless gas that kills more than 500 Americans each year plays an important role in maintaining healthy digestion, according to findings of a Mayo Clinic study published Tuesday in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

European experiment hardware reaches the International Space Station
Preparations for the Spanish Soyuz mission on the International Space Station (ISS) in October took another step forward with the docking of an unmanned Progress M1-10 spacecraft with the International Space Station, on 11 June at 13:17 Central European Time.

U of T scientists build a bridge for new bone
University of Toronto scientists have developed a biodegradable scaffold--similar in structure to a dish sponge--that significantly speeds the rate of bone healing.

Simulated global environmental changes impact plant diversity
Until recently, little attention has been paid to the potential ecological effects on plant diversity from combined global environmental changes including increased atmospheric CO2, warming, elevated nitrogen pollution, and increased precipitation.

New book examines NAFTA's impact on Mexico
Is the current model for economic globalization good for the poor or the environment?
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