Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 24, 2003
Rescheduling of some Beagle 2 'cruise check-out' tests
The instruments on board ESA's mission to Mars, Mars Express, are in the process of being tested to verify that they have survived the launch successfully and will work properly.

New hope for children with eye tumors, cancer
A deadly form of cancer in children, which starts out as a tumor in the eye, can now be treated successfully by a combination of therapies.

Interactive cuddly toys
When it comes to communicating with a computer, children find it just as easy to use an interactive soft toy as a mouse, according to new research sponsored by the ESRC.

Designing efficient cooling systems for the dog days of summer
New software developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) can help cooling system manufacturers meet Department of Energy goals calling for a 20 percent increase in energy efficiency of residential air conditioners by 2006.

Internal waves appear to have the muscle to pump up mid-lats
In a novel use of mooring data, some of it three decades old, a University of Washington researcher has calculated just how much punch internal waves appear to carry as they travel thousands of miles from where they originate.

Problem-Based Learning Center at Wake Forest gets Hughes Grant
Where does your garden grow? How does your garden grow?

New vaccine based on research at UCLA may stop progression of type I diabetes
A new vaccine, based on research at UCLA, has been shown in early human clinical trials to stop the progression of type I diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes.

Isolation of ferret protein promising for cancer, reproductive studies
Biologists studying early pregnancy in ferrets have isolated a protein vital to embryonic implantation.

New grants enable biomedical research centers to share science with their communities
Nineteen biomedical research centers in 15 states are receiving nearly $10 million in grants to bring science education to their communities.

Lionheart recipient at Penn State Hershey Medical Center first US patient to head home with device
On Tuesday, May 14, 2003, surgeon Walter E. Pae, Jr., M.D., implanted an Arrow LionHeartâ„¢ left ventricular assist device (LVAD) in a 35-year-old man from York, Pa.

New center for preparation and distribution of adult stem cells
The National Center for Research Resources (NCRR), a part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), announced today the award of a grant to Tulane University, in New Orleans, Louisiana, to establish a center for the preparation, quality testing, and distribution of adult stem cells.

By fusing images, Lehigh professor detects concealed weapons
By combining a photo taken by an optical camera with a photo of the same subject taken by a millimeter-wave camera (MMW), Prof.

New instrument tests the metal of WTC steel
A new instrument at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) that operates like an air-powered battering ram is being used to study steel salvaged from the World Trade Center (WTC), a key element in the agency's two-year building and fire safety investigation of the Sept.

Europeans say 'Yes' to a strong Europe in space
The four-month consultation on the Green Paper on European Space Policy came to a close in Paris today, with EU Research Commissioner Philippe Busquin, European Space Agency Director General Antonio Rodotà and other leading players in the space sector calling for a significant increase in European efforts in space research and an upgraded institutional framework.

ALMA opens up the skies for UK industry
UK industry is well positioned to benefit from contract opportunities with one of the world's leading astronomical institutes, the European Southern Observatory (ESO).

Computer simulations mimic growth of 'dizzy dendrites'
Many of the useful properties associated with metal alloys or polymer blends -- like strength, flexibility and clarity -- stem from a material's specific crystal microstructure.

Fighting Mycobacterium tuberculosis with structural proteomics
Tuberculosis is one of the deadliest threats to public health today.

Seizing the moment: improving control of quantum dots
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the National Renewal Energy Laboratory (NREL) report a way to measure accurately the amount of laser light needed to shift the electrons in a particular type of quantum dot between two discrete states, a low energy, ground state and a higher energy, excited state.

MRI successfully gauges breast cancer treatment response
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging can accurately monitor early response to chemotherapy in patients with breast cancer, according to a study appearing in the July issue of the journal Radiology.

Saving Aleut: Linguist begins effort to preserve native Alaskan language
It's getting harder and harder for the few remaining residents of the Aleutian and Pribilof islands who speak Aleut to hold a conversation.

Researching a workout device to help keep the balance system in shape
A new training device under development to help astronauts return to Earth walking properly could help elderly patients and others with similar problems maintain their balance and walking systems.

Use of anti-malaria mosquito net depends on good health promotion
Research sponsored by the Netherlands has shown that sound evidence-based advice is necessary if mosquito nets are to be used effectively for malaria prevention.

Standard operation procedure exacerbates liver cancer
Dutch researcher Lisette te Velde has found that a surgical procedure frequently used for the removal of liver tumours instead increases the tumour's growth.

Satellites to focus on UNESCO World Heritage sites
Earth Observation satellites will help safeguard hundreds of natural and cultural World Heritage sites, under the terms of an agreement signed by ESA and UNESCO at the Paris Air Show at Le Bourget.

American Society of Plant Biologists Annual Meeting 2003
Nearly 1,700 plant scientists are expected to participate in the American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB) Annual Meeting -- Plant Biology 2003 -- in the Hawaii Convention Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, July 25-30, 2003.

Development of prostate drug based on UT Southwestern research
A new finding revealing that the drug finasteride reduces the risk of prostate cancer by nearly 25 percent represents the culmination of three decades of research that began in the early 1970s at UT Southwestern Medical Center.

DuPont receives US EPA's Presidential Green Chemistry Award for new innovation
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency today presented its Presidential Green Chemistry award to DuPont for the company's innovation that uses corn -- instead of conventional petroleum-based processes -- to produce the latest polymer platform for use in clothing, carpets and automobile interiors.

Antenna anomaly may affect SOHO scientific data transmission
The Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) spacecraft expects to experience a blackout in the transmission of its scientific data during the week of 22 June 2003.

Ultrafast laser reveals details about slow electrons
With the help of ultrafast lasers, Dutch researcher Anouk Wetzels from the FOM Institute for Atomic and Molecular Physics has visualised the wave function of slow electrons.

American College of Sports Medicine honors expert who made sports safer
In recognition of his tireless work on -- and success in -- cutting fatal and severe injuries to U.S. athletes, the American College of Sports Medicine has presented one of its top awards to Dr.

NASA biotechnology activities enhancing quality of life
With help from industry and commercial partners across the country, NASA continues to use space research to improve life on Earth.

Alien earthworms changing ecology of Northeast forests
Some forests throughout the Northeast are rapidly changing, but most observers won't notice it unless they take a close look at the soil beneath their feet.

Risk of eye injuries from airbags very low
Despite the common belief that airbags cause serious eye injuries, results from a Finnish study show otherwise.

Rapid movements of living biomolecules visualised
Dutch researcher Chris Molenaar has made the rapid movements of proteins, DNA and RNA molecules visible in living cells.

Many diabetics may not know they have kidney disease, study shows
The current screening strategy for kidney disease among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus is missing an estimated 300,000 people in the U.S., according to a study in the June 25 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Protrusions in oil paintings are a worldwide problem
Dutch paintings conservator Petria Noble has established that tiny craters and lumps observed on the surface of hundreds of oil paintings throughout the world are caused by aggregates of metal soaps that protrude through the surface of the paint, hence the name protrusions.

UCR graduate student wins best poster at Environmental Mutagen Society Meeting
Andrew Olaharski of the environmental toxicology graduate program at UC Riverside won the Best Poster award at the Environmental Mutagen Society's 34th annual meeting -

Assessment tool may prevent high dose chemo & stem cell transplants for potential nonresponders
The use of fluorine-18 fluoro-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography ([F]FDG-PET) may help determine whether lymphoma patients should undergo high dose chemotherapy followed by stem cell transplantation, according to a study published in the July 1st issue of Blood.

Computer recognises differences in pronunciation of vowels
Dutch researcher Patti Adank has shown that differences in the pronunciation of Dutch vowels can be mapped semi-automatically.

'Mimics' may open screen(ing) door to GPCR drugs
A team of scientists at the University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute and partners have engineered

U-Iowa physician suggests possible enzyme deficiency in cystic fibrosis
Mucus that excessively accumulates in the lungs of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) may be linked to the deficiency of the enzyme arylsulfatase B.

First prostate cancer prevention drug found, but not all men benefit
Men who took finasteride, a drug that affects male hormone levels, reduced their chances of getting prostate cancer by nearly 25 percent compared to men who took a placebo, according to results of a national study released today online by the New England Journal of Medicine.

Long-term use of combined HRT poses significant breast-cancer risk, regardless of regimen
A study of hormone-replacement therapy focusing on long-term use among older women reveals that combination estrogen/progestin HRT poses a significant increase in breast-cancer risk, regardless of the pattern of progestin use. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to