Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 25, 2003
Relocation of children after parents' divorce may lead to long-term problems, study suggests
Children of divorced parents who are separated from one parent due to the custodial or non-custodial parent moving beyond an hour's drive from the other parent are significantly less well off on many child mental and physical health measures compared to those children whose parents don't relocate after divorce, according to new research.

For ferrets, GPI means 'get pregnancy initiated'
Knowing what makes a ferret pregnancy take hold could help biologists save endangered species or understand how tumors spread.

UCI researcher pinpoints cause of inherited auditory neuropathy
UC Irvine neurologist Arnold Starr has pinpointed one of the causes of auditory neuropathy, a hearing disorder that prevents sound from reaching the brain in the normal way.

Distinctive genetic program guides breast cancer's deadly spread
HHMI researchers have peered inside breast cancer's toolbox and identified a set of rogue genes that accelerates the spread of cancer from its primary site in the breast to a secondary location in bone marrow.

Registration open for ACS ProSpectives conference on combinatorial chemistry
The American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, will hold the next ACS ProSpectives conference at Lansdowne Conference Center, Leesburg, Va., September 21-24, 2003.

Of mice and memory
In a new USC study, experimental compounds that mimic antioxidants delayed memory loss in mice.

UW-Madison receives $10 million for cancer communications research
Today, June 25, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) announced plans to fund a $10 million

AGI launches Earth Science World ImageBank
Do you want to include a scenic mountain photo in a presentation?

Impatient Web searchers measure Web sites' appeal in seconds
Web users are picky and impatient, typically visiting only the first three results from a query, with one in five searchers spending 60 seconds or less on a linked Web document, according to Penn State researchers.

Behavior of arctic ocean ridge confounds predictions; May lead to new insights into crust formation
The discovery that an ocean ridge under the Arctic ice cap is unexpectedly volcanically active and contains multiple hydrothermal vents may cause scientists to modify a decades-long understanding of how ocean ridges work to produce the Earth's crust.

Trends in private Medicare+Choice plans provide warnings for Medicare debate
As Congress debates Medicare proposals that would shift more beneficiaries into private insurance plans, legislators may first want to examine the often tumultuous history of the six-year-old Medicare+Choice program, Medicare's managed care program.

Seeking the cause of a mysterious whale disease
On June 25, scientists will meet at Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution to study and discuss a deadly heart disease affecting pygmy and dwarf sperm whale populations.

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for July 2003 (first issue)
ATS journal news highlights include articles featuring: two Chinese physicians describing the first SARS case which was discovered in late December 2002, plus diagnosis and treatment for the disease; how oral arginine, a supplement with very few side effects, reduced pulmonary hypertension, a serious complication of sickle cell disease; and how noninvasive ventilation leads to spontaneous breathing after weaning from ventilatory support, plus significantly reduces hospital stays.

Purdue genetic discovery may aid plants and human medicine
Findings that two mutated genes alter plant growth and development could result in improved plants and enhanced cancer treatments, according to Purdue University researchers.

Survey reveals adult ADHD often undiagnosed by primary care physicians
Inadequate clinical training, inexperience and the lack of a well-validated screening tool are major barriers prohibiting primary care physicians from diagnosing ADHD in adults, according to a national survey released today by New York University School of Medicine.

Moores UCSD Cancer Center launches human trial for prostate cancer vaccine
Researchers at the Rebecca and John Moores UCSD Cancer Center today launched a human trial of a new experimental vaccine - a type of gene therapy - for prostate cancer.

Wake Forest scientists figure out bizarre visual condition
Scientists at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center have developed an explanation for a bizarre but not uncommon medical condition in which patients fail to see -- neglect -- half of their visual world.

Indiana University to become NASA base for space biology studies
Indiana University Bloomington will soon be the headquarters of one of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's new astrobiology

Four US students named to Chemistry Olympiad team
Four of the nation's top high school chemistry students have been chosen to represent the United States in the 35th International Chemistry Olympiad, July 5-14, in Athens, Greece, to compete with students from some 60 other countries around the world.

Chemical Heritage Foundation and BIO give Biotechnology Heritage Award to William Rutter
The Chemical Heritage Foundation (CHF) and the Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO) presented the 2003 Biotechnology Heritage Award to William J.

Study shows negative impact from parental move after divorce
A parent's move to another city after divorce may have a negative impact on a child, according to a new study by a team of Arizona State University researchers.

Plant pathologists to discuss deadly oak diseases
The revered oak species has been a collective favorite for thousands of years.

Novel cancer drug achieves significant response rate in advanced multiple myeloma patients
Researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have published data on the results of a collaborative multicenter trial demonstrating significant responses to the novel drug Velcade in patients whose multiple myeloma, an incurable bone marrow cancer, had progressed despite several previous treatments.

Research shows bortezomib benefits a third of multiple myeloma patients
Bortezomib, a new cancer-fighting drug also called Velcade, shows promise for treating patients whose multiple myeloma no longer responds to conventional chemotherapy, a new clinical study concludes.

Cigarette smoke linked to low folate levels
Exposure to cigarette smoke may rob people of folate, an important vitamin that helps protect against a variety of diseases, including a number of birth defects, a large nationwide study concludes.

New ovarian cancer hope for women
Scientists at the Pacific Northwest Research Institute (PNRI) in Seattle announced a new biomarker for ovarian cancer today.

New finding has implications for scientists designing mobile audio interfaces
Oregon Health & Science University researchers have discovered that when people converse with text-to-speech (TTS) computer systems, they substantially change their speech to sound like the computer--what's known as speech convergence.

Pox to pimples; study says acne-like outbreak not vaccinia
About 10 percent of volunteers in a smallpox vaccine trial broke out in a curious acne-like rash.

Scientists announce first 3-D assembly of magnetic and semiconducting nanoparticles
Scientists from Columbia University, IBM and the University of New Orleans today announced a new, three-dimensional designer material assembled from two different types of particles only billionths of a meter across.

Tissue-engineered bone speeds healing in laboratory tests
By closely following nature's blueprint, Toronto researchers have developed an innovative way to speed the healing of severe bone breaks, resulting in what may be the thickest tissue-engineered bone ever produced in the laboratory.

UT Southwestern researchers pinpoint role cell surface protein group plays in brain function
A specific group of brain proteins is essential to activate communication between neurons, and without this group of proteins all functions of the central nervous system are disrupted, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas have discovered.

June issue of Plant Physiology has significant UCR contributions
The June 2003 issue of Plant Physiology contains significant contributions made by UCR faculty and staff.

£300,000 research award set to examine impact of translation on global news headlines
The Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) has awarded over £300,000 to the University of Warwick to study news media translation, and reveal how it impacts on global relations.
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