Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 07, 2003
Symptoms of sleep-disordered breathing more common in Hispanic than white children
Hispanic children are more likely to suffer from symptoms of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) than white children, says a study published in the July issue of CHEST. The study also found that SDB was associated with parental report of learning problems in school-age children and that Hispanic boys were more likely to have excessive daytime sleepiness and learning problems than Hispanic girls and white boys and girls.

Meeting emotional needs of family makes a difference in the ICU
A study published in the July issue of CHEST, the peer-reviewed journal of the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP), found that family satisfaction with end-of-life care was prevalent in Canadian ICUs and that satisfaction most significantly correlated with the family's involvement in making decisions, the amount of communication between staff and family, and the respect and compassion shown toward the patient and family.

New evidence of women's pension disadvantage
The government's current policy of allowing state pensions to decline, while increasing reliance on occupational and other private pensions, will perpetuate the disadvantage that women face in providing adequately for their retirement.

Anger, anxiety may boost heart risk in postmenopausal women
Psychological factors like anger and anxiety are associated with impaired artery function in healthy postmenopausal women, which could put them at greater risk for heart disease, a new study suggests.

Migration takes guts
When birds migrate over long distances to and from their breeding grounds, it takes more than strong flight muscles and an innate knowledge of where they're going.

International HIV vaccine trial led by SLU under way in Africa and the United States
This is the first HVTN trial to be conducted simultaneously in the U.S. and abroad, and it signifies a dedication to transcending borders in the fight against HIV.

Titanate thin films becoming a reality with crystal ion slicing
The recently developed method of crystal ion slicing (CIS) is rapidly gathering interest and attention as a novel way of successfully obtaining single-crystal thin films.

Heavy drinking: Some students call it quits before graduation
Results of a new study suggest that nearly one in four college students who drink alcohol heavily on a regular basis quit doing so before graduation.

Sleep disorders linked to faulty brain chemistry, study finds
The first tantalizing clues that chemical imbalances in the brain may be partly to blame for sleep disorders that plague millions of Americans are being reported in two new studies showing apparent links between deficits in brain chemistry and obstructive sleep apnea and REM sleep behavior disorder.

Imaging vineyards from space will benefit Europe's wines
Space data are set to become an added ingredient in future European wines.

Early intervention with Atacand® improves outcome for patients with acute ischaemic stroke
In the Access trial Atacand® (candesartan cilexetil) reduced the number of vascular events by 45% during 12 months following acute stroke in patients with elevated blood pressure.

Nodding or shaking your head may even influence your own thoughts, study finds
When you nod your head to signal approval or shake your head to show disapproval, it's not just sending a message to others - you may also be influencing yourself.

Fidelity is key mate-preference factor for both sexes
Not looks or money but rather life-long fidelity is what people look for in an ideal mate, according to a Cornell University behavioral study that confirmed the

In thyroid cancer patients, pre-treatment with rhTSH reduces retention of 131I
Life-saving 131I therapy has effectively diminished and eliminated tumors, but there are lingering questions about the impact of 131I on non-diseased parts of the body.

Chill out: Anger can give you a headache
Bottling up anger can give you a headache, according to a study from a Saint Louis University researcher.

AAO Annual Meeting advance registration and housing now open for Academy and AAOE members
Advance registration and housing is now available for the American Academy of Ophthalmology's upcoming 2003 Annual Meeting, November 15 to 18, and the Subspecialty Day meetings, November 14 to15, in Anaheim, Calif.

HIV eludes body's smart bomb
HIV eludes one of the body's key smart bomb defenses against infection, and this finding may lay the groundwork for new drugs to treat AIDS, according to a new Salk Institute study.

Headaches devastating to children's quality of life
The quality of life of children with headaches is comparable to that of children with such serious conditions as cancer and rheumatic diseases, according to a new study by researchers at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.

Lab laser researcher wins prestigious Edward Teller Medal
The American Nuclear Society has awarded the prestigious 2003 Edward Teller Medal to a veteran researcher at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

Tracking premature babies: girls grow bigger than boys
After tracking the physical growth rates of very premature babies over a 20-year period, researchers have discovered that male premature babies lag behind their female counterparts, while the young women not only catch up in weight and height to their normal birth weight counterparts but also exhibit similar rates of obesity.

Spectrum of West Nile symptoms includes paralysis
As the nation gears up for another season of West Nile virus, a new study extends the understanding of the clinical spectrum of West Nile symptoms, and points to extreme muscle weakness or paralysis as a significant cause of complications in affected patients.

Rare versions of immune system genes stave off HIV infection
Researchers have new answers as to why some HIV-infected individuals don't progress to full-blown AIDS as rapidly as other HIV-positive people.

Leading climate scientists reaffirm view that late 20th Century warming was unusual
A group of leading climate scientists has reaffirmed the

Human settlements already existed in the Amazon Basin (Equador) 4000 years ago
An important discovery by IRD archaeologists in Equador reveals that, more than 4000 years ago, early Andean civilizations had become established in a tropical environment where they were not hitherto known to have existed.

Testing method may be culprit behind abnormal pap test results
Women who take oral contraceptives may get an inaccurate and higher rate of false positive results if their physicians use a specific kind of Pap test.

Food supply and nutrition education for children
A position statement by the American Dietetic Association urges that all children have access to a safe and adequate food supply.
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