Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 08, 2003
OneWorld Health licenses compounds from Yale, U of Washington to treat major parasitic diseases
The Institute for OneWorld Health has licensed highly potent azole compounds from Yale and the University of Washington that could result in new medicines for parasitic diseases, initially for Chagas, in the developing world, and new antifungals for the developed world.

Breast fluid a better option for detecting cancer
A new method of extracting and analyzing fluid from a woman's breast may provide a more accurate, less expensive and noninvasive way to determine a patient's risk for breast cancer or to diagnose the disease in its early stages.

Hepatologists recommend pre-transplant biopsy for living donor liver transplants
In an ongoing effort to continuously improve outcomes for living donor liver transplants, physicians at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles have completed a two-year prospective analysis of this type of transplant and are recommending that all hospitals performing such procedures conduct pre-transplant biopsies of the donor to identify liver complications that cannot be detected otherwise.

American Association for Cancer Research's 94th Annual Meeting July 11-14, 2003
American Association for Cancer Research's (AACR) 94th Annual Meeting features the latest and most significant information about laboratory, translational, and clinical cancer research.

Bowel cancer screening trial finds 300 have early-stage disease
Researchers at the University of Warwick have been evaluating a scheme that detects the early onset of bowel cancer.

OneWorld Health begins final testing of drug to cure deadly kala azar in India
The Institute for OneWorld Health is launching the largest-ever Phase III clinical trial to establish paromomycin, an off-patent drug as an affordable, life-long cure for kala azar (visceral leishmaniasis, or VL).

ESA helps Sun-fearing kids
A better life is in reach for children with a rare genetic disorder that puts their lives at risk when exposed to the Sun.

Researchers envision intelligent implants
Imagine a replacement hip or knee that was intelligent enough to recognize if it was infected, diagnose and treat the infection and report back to the doctor what it had done.

New colon cancer gene discovered
Researchers report finding a new gene that is switched off early in the development of colon cancer.

Patients' depression better predictor of poor quality of life
Cardiac patients suffering from depression are more likely than those without depressive symptoms to feel burdened by their disease and to report a lower quality of life - despite the fact that their hearts may be healthier than some of their counterparts.

American Sociological Association holds 2003 annual meeting in Atlanta
The American Sociological Association's (ASA) 98th Annual Meeting will convene August 16-19th, 2003, at the Hilton Atlanta and the Atlanta Marriott Marquis in Atlanta, GA.

Sleep deprivation within five hours of learning impairs memory consolidation in mice
Scientists at the University of Pennsylvania have found new support for the age-old advice to

Revolutionary tungsten photonic crystal could provide more power for electrical devices
Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories -- exceeding the predictions of a 100-year-old law of physics -- have shown that filaments fabricated of tungsten lattices emit remarkably more energy than solid tungsten filaments in certain bands of near-infrared wavelengths when heated.

Test opens prenatal genetic diagnosis to all
A non-invasive test which allows faster, cheaper, and less risky prenatal genetic screening was announced by Australian researchers at the International Genetics Congress in Melbourne today.

Blacks more likely to be shot than whites even when holding harmless objects
Given only a fraction of a second to respond to images of men popping out from behind a garbage dumpster, people were more likely to shoot blacks than whites, even when the men were holding a harlmess objects such as a flashlight rather than a gun.

Nanotech strategy could create new organs
Scientists from Harvard Medical School and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have developed a strategy that could one day be used to create functional human organs such as kidneys and livers.

UC Riverside student wins first place in doctoral student paper/poster international competition
Jing Yuan, a Ph.D. student in the department of mechanical engineering at UC Riverside, has won first place in the Doctoral Student Paper/Poster Competition of the Air & Waste Management Association's 96th Annual Conference & Exhibition.

Severe childhood asthma: What are we missing?
Researchers at National Jewish Medical and Research Center highlight significant shortcomings in the prevailing model of severe asthma.

UCLA leads $30 million NIH epilepsy study
A landmark NIH clinical research study is evaluating two standard therapies provided by epilepsy specialists - treatment with medications and treatment with surgery - to compare the ability of each to eliminate seizures and side effects as soon as possible, and to improve quality of life.

Electronics sector progresses with breakthroughs in materials science
Materials such as polymers, superconducting ceramics, and diamond films are likely to shape the electronics industry in the coming decade.

New technique for sorting sperm could improve fertility treatment
A new technique to find the viable sperm in the semen of men with low sperm motility could lead to a new approach for infertility treatment, according to University of Michigan Health System researchers.

Study results show promise for development of gene therapy to treat blood diseases
Researchers have developed a promising new approach for gene therapy of inherited blood disorders that may help overcome therapeutically limiting human stem cell gene transfer efficiency.

Braunschweig Prize 2003 for Molecular Cancer Therapy
The American cancer researcher Prof. Dr. Brian Druker (48) receives the 50,000 Euro Braunschweig Prize 2003 for research into molecular cancer therapy.

Wildlife markets and disease transmission
A consortium of scientists from the New York-based Wildlife Conservation Society announced this week that one way to reduce the risks of future SARS-like diseases is to control wildlife markets.

Abnormal plant shows scientists path to plant, animal development
A pickle-shaped root is revealing how plants develop from embryos to adults and also may hold answers about cancer cell growth.

The mouth linked to bed-wetting, ear infections and tension headaches
Are you searching for a treatment for your child who suffers from chronic bed-wetting and/or ear infections?

Scientists uncover amyloid-like proteins in bacteria
Independent research groups have uncovered a new class of proteins, called the chaplins, that function like amyloid fibrils to allow reproductive growth in the bacterium Streptomyces coelicolor.

IUB researchers to investigate genetic recombination's causes and consequences
Researchers from Indiana University Bloomington and other institutions have been awarded a $5 million, five-year grant to study why mixing and matching of DNA sequences occurs, and how this genetic reshuffling benefits or harms individuals and species.

Pre-diabetic adults at increased risk of colon cancer
People with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), a precursor to diabetes, are at increased risk of dying from colon and other cancers, according to a study directed by Johns Hopkins researchers.

UCI study finds dark matter is for superWIMPs
A UC Irvine study has revealed a new class of cosmic particles that may shed light on the composition of dark matter in the universe.

Researchers use lab cultures to create robotic 'semi-living artist'
Working from their university labs in two different corners of the world, U.S. and Australian researchers have created what they call a new class of creative beings,
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