Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 09, 2003
Genome researcher analyze chromosome 7
A detailed analysis of the reference sequence of chromosome 7 has uncovered structural features that appear to promote genetic changes that can cause disease, researchers from the International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium said today.

Beagle 2 tests successfully completed
On Friday 4 July, and Saturday 5 July 2003, engineers successfully carried out overnight tests on the Mars Express lander, Beagle 2.

UN development work guided from space
United Nations-led development efforts in some of the poorest and most remote parts of the globe are being guided by images from space.

Sequence of human chromosome 7 is fine-tuned and finished
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, in collaboration with investigators at five other centers, have finished sequencing human chromosome 7.

City-grown air pollution is tougher on country trees
City-grown air pollution harms rural trees more than city trees, which are protected by a nitrogen-oxide

New science at K-State attracts $4.2 million from National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation has awarded a $9 million grant to the state of Kansas Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research, EPSCoR, for life sciences initiatives.

Plant genes imported from unrelated species more often than previously thought, IU biologists find
A new Indiana University Bloomington study in this week's Nature suggests that horizontal gene transfer has happened more often than previously thought during the evolution of flowering plants.

NIH awards millions to Rutgers for genetics research
The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, a unit of NIH, has awarded a five-year, $9.3 million contract to Rutgers to create a genetic repository.

NIST technology helps ensure reliability of military communications
Working with a private company, NIST has developed a system for the U.S. military that measures the amount of light delivered by fiber optic communications systems with half the measurement uncertainty of previous optical power detectors.

Miniature biolab embedded on silicon chip
Researchers from Cornell University have developed a miniaturized DNA-based biological testing system that fits on a silicon chip and can be customized to detect a wide variety of microorganisms.

DNA profiling used on cannabis plants
Forensic scientists in the US plan to apply DNA fingerprinting methods to the cannabis plant in court, to show that two apparently separate cannabis growing operations were actually linked.

Lone gene could force re-think on pest insect control
Scientists have discovered a single gene that gives the vinegar fly resistance to a range of pesticides, including DDT, but warn it could spell disaster if found in pest insect species.

Halas wins innovator award in fight against breast cancer
Rice University engineering professor Naomi Halas, the inventor of metal nanoshells, has received the prestigious Innovator Award from the Department of Defense Breast Cancer Research Program.

Satellites hunt for buried treasure
Scientists have proved what others have long suspected - that radar from satellites really can detect buried objects.

UC Davis Cancer Center wins role in national clinical trials campaign
UC Davis Cancer Center is the only California center to be awarded grant for study aimed at overcoming barriers to cancer trial participation.

U.Va. researchers discover mechanism for the regulation of low-voltage-activated calcium channels
Researchers at the University of Virginia Health System have defined a molecular mechanism by which the activity of low-voltage-activated calcium channels can be decreased.

Searching for the 'real' waterworld
Science fiction writers and movie-makers have imagined a world completely covered by an ocean, but what if one really existed?

Melbourne scientist overturns 30 year calcium dogma
A University of Melbourne research team has overturned 30 years of dogma on how a cell transports calcium, revealing potential insights into cancer and neuro-degenerative diseases.

Desert Research Institute team predicts early summer rains for Southwest
Occurrence of monsoon rains in the Southwest U.S. might be predictable one-to-two months in advance if an experimental weather forecast proves accurate.

Fear of crime in Britain is exaggerated
Fear of crime may not be as serious a problem as previously imagined by Britain's politicians and policy-makers, according to new research funded by the Economic & Social Research Council.

Trans fatty acids on food labels
The announcement Wednesday, July 8, by the Food and Drug Administration that it will require nutrition labels to include the amounts of trans fatty acids contained in packaged foods should help millions of people make healthy food choices and lower their cholesterol, according to the American Dietetic Association.

NIST assists Hollywood with digital cinema study
Only patrons of a few select theaters worldwide will see

Studies clarify diagnosis, identify possible treatment for adults with ADHD and bipolar disorder
Two studies from Massachusetts General Hospital address the challenges of diagnosing and treating individuals with both ADHD and bipolar disorder.

Survival of patients with lung failure depends on health of other organs
Doctors treating lung failure need to focus on the whole patient to improve the chance of patient survival.

From space, sky and ground, scientists and students dig high and low for soil moisture data
A water-sensing satellite orbits more than 400 miles above Earth.

Sepsis drug fights infection, decreases hospital care over two year study
The drug drotrecogin alfa activated (DAA, activated protein C or Xigris) has been shown to effectively fight sepsis, reduce hospital care and prolong life, but it is underutilized.

Health research receives major funding
Forty scientists from the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (MUHC) have received awards from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), Canada's leading federal funding agency.

Tiny Bubbles: New tool in chemical sensing?
NIST chemists report in the June 24 online edition of Langmuir that a process called microboiling shows promise for quick, simple, and inexpensive chemical sensing.

Hot mist strips salt from the sea
An American company has developed portable units that can turn seawater into fresh water at around a third of the cost of conventional desalination.

Stanford, Packard transplantation research findings may pave way to better anti-rejection treatment
A simple test may pinpoint children at high risk of rejecting newly transplanted kidneys, said researchers at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital and the Stanford School of Medicine.

Story tips from Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, July 2003
Interesting story ideas from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory include: ORNL adds to arsenal, better turbines, stopping uranium cold, and earlier hints of spring.

Weizmann Institute of Science receives 2003 World Technology Award
The Weizmann Institute of Science, a world-class multidisciplinary research institute in Israel, was selected by the World Technology Network (WTN) as the recipient of the 2003 World Technology Corporate Award for health and medicine.

Dot, dot, dot . . . How quantum dots line up
A method that can be used to predict the growth of earthquake faults also aids prediction of the tiniest of phenomena -- how arrays of is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to