Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 21, 2003
Novel coronavirus confirmed as causative agent of SARS
Leading scientists worldwide investigating the cause of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) confirm that a novel coronavirus is the primary cause of the disease.

Revealing the beast within
Peering into a giant molecular cloud, astronomers from the European Southern Observatory (ESO) have discovered a whole new population of very massive newborn stars.

A better diagnosis for ovarian cancer?
As with all potentially lethal diseases, the earlier the discovery, the better the chances of arresting it.

Is there an alternative to expensive testing for HIV diagnosis and AIDS management?
Some $15 billion has been pledged to help foreign countries combat HIV/AIDS.

Using 'sick cells,' blood tests may one day ID heart attack, stroke
A clinician can determine your lifestyle, take some key physiological readings, and make an educated prediction that an individual might have a heart attack or stroke.

Taking control: Lab testing you order for yourself
Now, in more than 30 states, patients can get lab tests performed directly at laboratories.

C-reactive proteins: Should everyone be tested?
Because different manufacturers create different assays, there is disagreement in test results when different analytical methods are used.

Is there a way to derail the children's 'Allergy March'?
Most everyone agrees for every child's life there are certain

Dietary supplement and flu vaccines
Scott Halperin and colleagues report on a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in which they measured the antibody response to influenza vaccine.

Short-term dyslexia treatment strengthens key brain regions
After only three weeks of reading instruction, brain scans in children with dyslexia develop activation patterns that match those of normal readers, according to a new study published in the July 22 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

FUSE 'brain transplant' secures future of orbiting observatory
Scientists and engineers who work with the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer have pulled off a second daring and unprecedented rescue of the satellite observatory from serious guidance problems.

Fetal exposure to two chemicals cause of male reproductive disorders later in life
Researchers have observed marked increases in some male reproductive disorders: undescended testicles, increased instances of testicular cancer, and decreased sperm count.

Not for women only: Osteoporosis in men
Think osteoporosis only affects women? Think again. NIH data suggests 1-2 million men in the US have osteoporosis, and an additional 8-13 million have low bone mass, with prevalence among white males.

U.S. ranks 27th in world social progress; Africa in dire straits
Denmark and Sweden lead the world in social progress, Afghanistan is at the bottom of the list and the United States ranks 27th among 163 nations, according to the latest Index of Social Progress from the University of Pennsylvania School of Social Work.

UCF garners nearly $89 million in research funding
The University of Central Florida garnered nearly $89 million in research funding in fiscal year 2003, more than doubling the amount of its research awards in four years.

Science and the Law: Plant pathologists to discuss how science interfaces with the legal system
When diseases have a strong impact on society, science and the law may collide.

On tap: Genomic sequence of an enemy of beer and bread
A team of scientists - including one from Michigan State University - has announced a genomic sequence for the rest of us: mapping the DNA of a grain fungus that wreaks havoc with beer brewing.

What is the answer for pain?
A researcher and his colleagues hypothesize that poor drug metabolizers taking analgesics metabolized by CYP2D6 will have higher plasma concentrations and therefore be more likely to experience adverse effects.

Some mental health cost controls may increase employers' long-term expenses
A new study by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health finds some mental health plan benefits designed to contain costs by restricting access to care may actually increase an employer's expenses over the long-term.

Pediatric food allergies: What every parent should know
Helping parents sort out the causes, diagnoses, and treatments of food allergies in children is Wesley Burks, M.D, a leading researcher in the area of food sensitivity, who has focused on allergies to peanuts and soybeans.

Couple carries research links to the limit
First, they shared related research interests and some lab space.

Microflares could play macro role in heating corona
Solar flares are the biggest explosions in the solar system and get the most attention, but microflares a million times smaller play perhaps as great a role in heating the atmosphere of the sun.

Three Pacific Northwest National Laboratory inventions win R&D 100 Awards
Three Pacific Northwest National Laboratory inventions have made the 2003 list of the world's 100 most important scientific and technical innovations, according to an annual competition by R&D Magazine.

Patients find answers about lab tests at Lab Tests Online
More than 200,000 people each month visit a unique website to find answers to questions regarding medical lab tests.

UGA scientists test less lethal means to determine contaminant uptake
When scientists need to determine how much of a contaminant in an environment actually remains in the animals that live there, traditionally they have had to sacrifice test animals to collect tissue for contaminant level testing.

Testing may one day pinpoint which early-stage cancer patients are at risk for relapse
Some 80 percent of those diagnosed with cancer are told it is detected early and can be removed.

The rising cost of living with HIV
A study in the latest issue of CMAJ reports direct per patient costs of providing medical care for HIV-positive patients rose significantly from 1995 to 2001.

US bald eagle counts continue to climb slowly
Winter counts of bald eagles increased nearly 2 percent annually from 1986-2000 in the contiguous United States, according to a new U.S.

Ancient DNA analysis unveils mystery of history's most horribly deformed man -- The Elephant Man
Shockingly disfigured, the

Extinction of the European Neanderthals topic of special symposia at XVI INQUA Congress
Changes in climate, technology and culture have all been cited as underlying causes in the disappearance of European Neanderthals roughly between 40,000 and 27,000 years ago.

Could a mandated food additive aimed at better fetal development be a risk for seniors?
Since the United States and Canada are the only two countries to fortify with folic acid to better assure that all babies are born healthy, the government should also encourage deficiency screening of the elderly to ascertain that such laudable efforts do not come at the expense of inadvertent harm to others.

UIC researchers pinpoint genes involved in cancer growth
In a study made possible by the sequencing of the human genome, scientists at the University of Illinois at Chicago have identified 57 genes involved in the growth of human tumor cells.

Lowering the shoulder on bodychecking
In this issue of the Canadian Medical Association Journal, Anthony Marchie and Michael Cusimano state that a review of the relevant literature shows that disallowing bodychecking in youth hockey is the

Boys, black children have higher risk of stroke
Boys are 28 percent more likely than girls to have a stroke, and black children are more than twice as likely to have a stroke as other ethnic groups, according to a study in the July 22 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

New study shows green algae extract boosts flu vaccine
In a study published today in the prestigious Canadian Medical Association Journal, a research team from Dalhousie University and Ocean Nutrition Canada have shown that taking a carbohydrate extract of a green algae in pill form, Respondin, can significantly boost the positive immune response to various flu vaccines in people 50-55 years of age, young baby boomers who are often among the most susceptible to serious illness from flu.
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