Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 25, 2003
X-37 completes structural tests in preparation for atmospheric flight test program
An approach and landing test version of the X-37, a spacecraft designed to demonstrate technologies for NASA's Orbital Space Plane Program, successfully completed structural testing in Huntington Beach, Calif.

Collagen-based wound sealant
A collagen-based wound sealant recently developed at Texas A&M University could be an alternative for human and animal wound care treatment.

Counting the molecules that pull cells apart
One of the main goals of molecular biology is to link the properties of single molecules to the behavior of cells and the lives of organisms.

Innovations in hearing loss detection & treatment
The current issue of the Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development (JRRD), a publication of Rehabilitation Research and Development, Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), focuses on innovations in the detection and assessment of hearing loss and important research on home and community accessibility for users of wheelchairs and social integration of people with physical disabilities.

Romancing the Rosetta Stone
University of Southern California computer scientist Franz Josef Och echoed one of the most famous boasts in the history of engineering after his software scored highest among 23 Arabic- and Chinese-to-English translation systems, commercial and experimental, tested in in recently concluded Department of Commerce trials.

Drivers with type-1 diabetes report increased incidence of car crashes
Drivers with type-1 diabetes reported higher numbers of driving mishaps according to a multi-center study led by researchers at the University of Virginia Health System.

Increasing carbon dioxide relieves drought stress in corn, researchers say
Increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere will benefit photosynthesis in U.S. corn crops in the future by relieving drought stress, say researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Texas A&M, ECOR sign deal to produce health-related proteins
Texas A&M University System officials have signed a license agreement with proCANE LLC, a subsidiary of ECOR Corporation of Sedona, Ariz., to produce pharmaceutical-grade proteins in sugarcane plants.

Carnegie Mellon professor to receive top AI award for work in computational economics
Carnegie Mellon University Associate Professor Tuomas Sandholm will receive the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI) Computers and Thought Award for his work on constructing electronic marketplaces that are efficient in terms of economic results and computational processes, developing systems that lead to economically desirable outcomes globally and for the individual.

ESA is hot on the trail of Geminga
Astronomers using ESA's X-ray observatory, XMM-Newton, have discovered a pair of X-ray tails, stretching 3 million million kilometres across the sky.

Anemia is risk factor for physical decline in older adults
Older adults with anemia are twice as likely to have a significant decline in physical performance that could threaten their independence, report researchers from Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center in the current issue of the American Journal of Medicine.

Cedars-Sinai researchers detail events that enable brain tumors to weaken immune system
Several cell-level mechanisms appear to prevent the immune system from launching and sustaining an effective attack against gliomas, aggressive and deadly brain tumors that are now considered incurable.

Symptoms of depression signal shorter lives for people with cancer
A diagnosis of cancer carries such emotional upheaval that a person's prolonged feelings of depression can eat away at the possibility for long-term survival.

Learning opportunities expand using GIS data
The American Geological Institute (AGI) announces the availability of educational site licenses for the Global GIS Digital Atlas.

Anemia elevates risk of physical decline in older people
Anemia doubles the risk that an older person will develop serious physical declines that can erode the ability to live independently, according to a new epidemiological study supported by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) and others*.

Over half of Zimbabwean women believe wife beating is justified
Research from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that more than 50 percent of women in Zimbabwe believe domestic violence is justifiable in certain situations.

Rheumatoid arthritis patients caught in middle of doctors' disagreement over hand surgery
More than two million Americans with rheumatoid arthritis are caught in the middle of a debate among physicians over which treatment - medications or hand surgery - will help their ravaged fingers and wrists most.
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