Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 11, 2003
The trojan clot-buster: Drug-coated red blood cells destroy blood clots from within
Red blood cells coated with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), a clot-dissolving drug commonly used as an emergency treatment for stroke, can destroy blood clots as they form, according to researchers at the Penn School of Medicine.

INEEL researchers develop medical imagery breakthrough
Mammograms, X-rays and other pricey medical scans do little good if doctors can't see the tiny changes that signal early stages of disease.

INEEL to host international seminar on reactor modeling code
The U.S. Department of Energy's Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory will welcome engineers from around the world for its annual RELAP5-3D users seminar Aug.

New compound that acts on peripheral receptors may be treatment for some nerve pain
Results of a new study in mice and rats show that a compound which acts on a specific type of cell receptor found only outside the central nervous system decreases the animals' pain responses.

Study links preschool snoring, asthma, and nighttime cough
Preschool-age children who regularly snore have a higher prevalence of asthma and nighttime cough than children who do not snore, says a study published in the August issue of CHEST, the peer-reviewed journal of the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP).

Scientists develop greater accuracy in recording baby's heart rates in the womb
A team from Imperial College London based at Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea, Hammersmith and the Royal Brompton Hospitals has worked with equipment developed by scientists at QinetiQ, Europe's largest science and technology organisation, to study the heart rate of unborn babies in minute detail.

Science picks: Leads, feeds and story seeds for August 2003
Dog days of summer got you down? Here are a host of summer science story ideas sure to refresh your slow summer stories like a tall, cold glass of sweet tea.

Plant pathologists meeting in Charlotte, NC to discuss homeland security, emerging diseases
Plant pathologists from around the world are meeting in Charlotte, NC, for the 2003 Annual Meeting of the American Phytopathological Society (APS) that runs through August 13, 2003.

Parkinson's medication linked to gambling
Excessive gambling could be an unfortunate yet rare side effect in Parkinson's patients who take certain dopamine agonists, according to a study in the August 12 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Psoriasis treatment based on Weizmann Institute Research passes phase II clinical trials
Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease with as yet no cure that affects approximately 4.5 million people in the U.S. and 5.7 million people in Europe.

Good summer news - less fattening watermelon
A less fattening but no-less sweet variety of watermelon has been developed by a Hebrew University of Jerusalem agricultural scientist.

Three-time Emmy Award winning actress Kathy Baker to participate in ADHD experts on call program
The fifth annual ADHD Experts on Call, hosted by Shire US Inc, will be held on Tuesday, August 26, 2003 from 8A.M. to midnight EDT.

Virtual Chemistry Laboratory at Carnegie Mellon University wins prestigious MERLOT Award
Carnegie Mellon's Virtual Chemistry Laboratory, an environment where students can mix chemicals for hours without wearing safety goggles or cleaning the lab bench, has received the 2003 MERLOT Classic and Editors' Choice Awards for Exemplary Online Learning Resources.

$13 million grant boosts breast cancer research
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center investigators have been awarded a Specialized Program of Research Excellence (SPORE) in breast cancer, making VICC one of only seven centers in the country with three or more of these highly competitive grants from the National Cancer Institute.

Purdue physicists hone rules for nanotech game
The latest in a series of experiments aimed at revealing fundamental knowledge of the universe has yielded precise measurement of the so-called Casimir force - a force that could make tiny machines behave erratically, causing a thorn in the side of nanotechnology manufacturers.

NASA funds U. of Colorado study of changes in earth's glacier systems
Researchers at the National Snow and Ice Data Center at the University of Colorado at Boulder will receive $1.8 million from NASA to compile an online database of the world's glaciers that combines historical records with measurements from the latest technologies in satellite remote sensing.

Breast cancer program for low-income women suggests importance of access to screening
Low-income women participating in an Oregon breast cancer screening program had a higher incidence of breast cancer than women in other screening programs.

Elementary schools need a lesson in bathroom breaks
Kids don't give up only naps after kindergarten. Moving on to first grade often means less access to go to the bathroom -- which can lead to unnecessary accidents or other urination problems.

Vitamins C and E improve cardiovascular health in children with high cholesterol, study says
An estimated 50 million children have high levels of the

Medicare+Choice enrollees face continued cost increases in 2003, costs have doubled since 1999
Providing evidence of eroding benefits in the Medicare+Choice managed care program, a new Commonwealth Fund report finds enrollees' average annual plan premiums and other out-of-pocket costs rose ten percent in 2003 to $1,964, more than double what they were in 1999.

Study reveals genetic activity of key step in malaria parasite's cycle
In a finding that could significantly enhance scientists' ability to develop and test drugs and vaccines to treat the most common and lethal form of malaria, a UCSF team has identified the full breadth of genetic activity at a key stage of development in the parasite Plasmodium falciparum.

SFVAMC researchers distinguish dementias using brain imaging
Until now, scientists have been unable to distinguish between dementia caused by Alzheimer's disease and that caused by poor blood flow to the brain.

Study shows pharmacist-physician partnership reduces health care costs, bad drug interactions
Pharmacists trained in pharmaceutical care, the practice of identifying, resolving, and preventing drug therapy problems that adversely affect patients' care, can safely solve patient medication problems, including potentially dangerous drug interactions, by using the collaborative care approach, according to the study published today in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Diagnosing chronic fatigue? Check for sinusitis
A new study published in the August 11 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine demonstrates a possible link between unexplained chronic fatigue and sinusitis, two conditions previously not associated with each other.

Carnegie Mellon researchers developing new ways to store tissue, organs
Carnegie Mellon engineering researchers are charged with developing new ways to store tissue and organs.

Weizmann Institute scienists find that stem cells in the bone marrow become liver cells
They still don't have a personality, and they're waiting for the maturity call.

Lipids get the spotlight in new NIGMS 'Glue Grant'
While genes and proteins have long held starring roles in biomedical research, lipids--fats and oils--often have a more direct effect on human health.

Hypothesis linking flying foxes to high incidence of ALS/PDC gets boost from new study
Fifty-year-old museum specimens of the Guamanian flying fox may shed more light on why Guam's Chamorro people once had an extremely high incidence of ALS-parkinsonism dementia complex (ALS/PDC).
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