Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 20, 2003
ORNL signs protege agreement with small business
DOE and UT-Battelle, which manages ORNL for DOE, recently signed an agreement with Information International Associates of Oak Ridge to be a protégé of the laboratory.

'MicroRNAs' control plant shape and structure
New discoveries about tiny genetic components called microRNAs explain why plant leaves are flat.

Atmospheric science goes to ground: Researchers present new findings on the natural hydrogen cycle
New evidence is emerging on the probable effects of an anticipated reliance on hydrogen as a fuel: surprisingly, we may need to look down in the ground rather up in the air, for answers.

How AIDS destroys immunity
A human gene named ATR normally protects people by preventing the replication of cells damaged by radiation or toxic chemicals.

Smallpox vaccination grinds to halt
A plan to vaccinate nearly half a million health care workers in the US against smallpox has ground to a halt.

Do doctors sometimes fail their heart failure patients? New study seeks hard data
What's the best way to manage a patient who's dying of heart failure?

Synthetic marijuana compound reduces agitation, improves appetite in Alzheimer's patients
Study results suggest dronabinol, a synthetic version of THC, the active ingredient in marijuana, may reduce agitation and lead to weight gain in patients with Alzheimer's disease, according to data presented today at the annual meeting of the International Psychogeriatric Association.

What's in your child's lunchbox?
It's an age-old dilemma parents face every August - what to pack for their child's lunch.

Sex matters in health promotion and disease prevention
Health promotion and disease prevention for women and men in the U.S. depend on a health care system and public cognizant of the affect sex differences have on health and disease.

Tipping the balance of prion infectivity
Two important questions face biologists studying the infectious proteins called prions: What stops prions that infect one species from infecting another species and what causes the invisible transmission barrier between species to fail sometimes?

Artemis assists emergency services to fight Portuguese fires
Fire fighters tackling the blazes that have ravaged Portugal are doing so with the aid of a satellite data-link.

Textbook case of tectonic movement is wrong, says new study
Results from an expedition to the sea floor near the Hawaiian Islands show evidence that the deep Earth is more unsettled than geologists have long believed.

UC Davis neurosurgeon implanting artificial cervical discs
UC Davis Medical Center is among a small number of hospitals in the nation implanting artificial cervical discs in patients with degenerative disc disease.

ECCO 12 - the European Cancer Conference
Media are invited to ECCO 12 - Europe's premier cancer conference in Copenhagen, Denmark 21-25 September.

Most resistance to Anti-HIV drugs created by good pill-taking patients
Resistance mutations to anti-HIV medications are more likely to occur in patients who take most of their medications rather than in those who don't, according to AIDS specialists at the University of California, San Francisco.

Genes that paint fly derrieres hint at convergence
University of Wisconsin-Madison scientists have been able to document a rare example of molecular convergence, the process by which different animals use the same genes to repeatedly invent similar body patterns and structures.

18F-FDG PET better predictor of post-therapy Hodgkin's relapse than CT
Each year, 8,000 Americans are diagnosed with Hodgkin's disease. In order to offer the best prognosis, doctors must not only provide the original diagnosis, but also be able to detect relapses after therapy and determine which patients would benefit from additional treatment.

Washington University in St. Louis, Monsanto Co., awarded crop protection patent
Washington University in St. Louis and Monsanto Co., Creve Coeur, Mo., have been issued patent 6,608, 241 by the United States Patent Office.

Newly found gene resistant to economically crippling wheat disease
Bread wheat plants carrying a newly discovered gene that is resistant to economically devastating leaf blotch can reduce the amount of grain lost to the pathogen, according to Purdue University researchers.

Salk News: Social behavior genes
A rare genetic disorder may lead scientists to genes for social behavior, a Salk Institute study has found.

Media advisory 1 - AGU Fall Meeting
Reporters and public information officers from outside the United States who are planning to attend Fall Meeting should be aware of new U.S. visa regulations that go into effect on 1 October 2003.

El Nino's surprising steady pacific rains can affect world weather
Scientists using data from a NASA satellite have found another piece in the global climate puzzle created by El Niño.

Pinpointing viruses in body scans
An injection of magnetic nanoparticles into the bloodstream could detect where viruses are lurking in patients' bodies.

Scientists map signaling molecule crucial to survival, disease
A chemical sleight of hand by UCSF scientists has pinpointed for the first time where small molecules called phosphates bind to proteins in cells, allowing them to send signals and giving organisms a way to adapt to rapidly changing conditions.

Sept. GEOLOGY and GSA TODAY media highlights
The Geological Society of America's September issue of GEOLOGY contains several newsworthy items.
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