Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 21, 2003
SHRS researcher receives NIH grant to study communication deficits in stroke patients
The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders has awarded University of Pittsburgh School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences' (SHRS) researcher Connie A.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory
This story tip sheet from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory is a special edition focusing on energy.

UI researchers use SIREN driving simulator to study driving risk factors
An array of electronic instrumentation that sits where the engine normally resides, turns an ordinary car into the high-fidelity driving simulator known as SIREN.

Decreased diabetic cardiac death from losartan?
The ACE inhibitor losartan could be more effective than a beta blocker in reducing sudden cardiac death among diabetic patients with high blood pressure and an enlarged left ventricle (left ventricular hypertrophy), suggest authors of a research letter in this week's issue of THE LANCET.

From diagnostic tool to cancer therapy
Cancer patients could be benefiting more than they realise from diagnostic scans.

Alcohol's benefits on brain power may be overstated
Most of the reported health benefits of moderate drinking on brain functioning in middle age become moot when a person's mental abilities as a teenager are factored in, a new study suggests.

Splitting hairs: GATA-3 function in hair follicle development
A group of scientists led by Dr. Elaine Fuchs at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute at the Rockefeller University have uncovered an unexpected new role for the well-known transcription factor, GATA-3, in hair follicle development.

A wake-up call for environmental health
This week's editorial comments on the new energy bill that will increase US domestic energy supply, concluding that the bill's implications for increased energy consumption rather than conservation is 'a step backwards for health'.

Depression doubles risk of death after bypass surgery
In the largest and longest study of its kind, researchers at Duke University Medical Center have definitively shown what previous studies have hinted at - depression is a strong independent risk factor for death in patients who have undergone coronary artery bypass surgery to restore blood flow to the heart.

URI Metcalf Institute awards journalists environmental reporting fellowships
The Metcalf Institute Environmental Reporting Fellowships have been awarded to two journalists, Caroline Rodriguez, former editor of Ithaca Times, and Edward Ortiz, reporter for The Berkshire Eagle and correspondent for The Boston Globe, by The Metcalf Institute for Marine and Environmental Reporting, based at the University of Rhode Island's (URI) Graduate School of Oceanography.

Stanford researcher finds method to define genetic 'words'
Scientists at the Stanford School of Medicine have created the first dictionary that defines roughly 30,000 words that make up the language of the human body.

Brain links non-food images with eating -- But only when hungry, study suggests
There's a little of Pavlov's dog in all of us, according to new research.

NIEHS study identifies gene for hydrocephalus in mice
NIEHS scientists have identified a gene called RFX4 that is responsible for the birth defect hydrocephalus in mice.

Scientists identify new sperm protein required for fertilization
Scientists have identified a new protein that is required for a sperm to bind to an egg during the process of fertilization.

Jet printing could revolutionise the world of design
New research into jet printing on textiles could lead to a faster, cheaper alternative to conventional ways of dyeing fabrics.

New brain cancer treatment extends survival for more patients
Doctors have developed a new brain cancer treatment that, in a pilot study, shows promise at keeping more patients alive longer than the best current standard treatments for the disease.

New findings could dash hopes for past oceans on Mars
After carefully examining six years of data, a team operating Mars Global Surveyor's Thermal Emission Spectrometer has found something that they hoped to find all along: water-related carbonate minerals.

Researching drug supply and trafficking: Home Office highlights need for academic study
The Government is committed to tackling the supply of illegal drugs at all levels.

In tropics, forests are cool but croplands are hotter
While croplands may provide more food than forests, they don't offer much relief from hot tropical climes, a new study finds.

Protein is shown to aid cell's reading of genetic code
Cornell University research, in collaboration has confirmed in living cells the theory that a protein complex known as FACT contributes to the opening of the nucleosome so the DNA code can be read.

New principle guides memory dynamics
Is it possible to intentionally forget specific memories, without affecting other memories?

Livermore scientists achieve first full mapping of phonons in plutonium
Making a landmark event in the history of the experimental investigation of plutonium, scientists from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory for the first time have fully mapped the phonons in gallium-stabilized delta plutonium.

New insight into the cosmic renaissance epoch
Using the ESO Very Large Telescope, astronomers have discovered some of the most distant galaxies ever seen.

Two computer science faculty members at UC Riverside receive NSF CAREER awards
Srikanth Krishnamurthy and Eamonn Keogh, both assistant professors in the department of computer science and engineering at UC Riverside, have each received a National Science Foundation CAREER award.

Treating depression important for reducing death after bypass surgery
Authors of a US study in this week's issue of The Lancet highlight how a substantial proportion of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery are clinically depressed-and that treating depression after surgery could substantially reduce the risk of death among these patients.

Honeybee gene find ends 150-year search
The genetic signal that makes a honeybee male or female has been identified by researchers in Germany, the U.S. and Norway.

Early detection of lung cancer possible with CAT and PET scans
Preliminary results from a European study in this week's issue of THE LANCET show that combined use of spiral computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tamography (PET) scanning can reliably detect early lung cancer.

Tides control flow of Antarctic ice streams
The moon is often accused of causing lunacy, bringing on labor and transforming werewolves.

Decreased diabetic cardiac death from losartan?
The angeotensin 2 receptor blocker losartan could be more effective than a beta blocker in reducing sudden cardiac death among diabetic patients with high blood pressure and an enlarged left ventricle (left ventricular hypertrophy), suggest authors of a research letter in this week's issue of The Lancet.
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