Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 27, 2003
Trawlers threaten ocean's biodiversity
Fishing trawlers searching for new catches around undersea volcanic mountains, called seamounts, are pushing hundreds of new deep-sea species towards extinction.

Gene that is crucial for antibody-producing cell development is key to blood cell cancer
A gene that is crucial to the development and function of an entire family of immune cells is also key to understanding why one member of that family can become cancerous.

Recipe for a 'shake gel'
Chemists and computer scientists are using a special

UC Santa Barbara discovers cell survival gene may lead to treatments for degenerative diseases
A new gene that controls this life or death switch and protects cells from dying has been discovered by researchers at the University of California, Santa Barbara, as reported in the August 28 edition of the scientific journal Nature.

Disparity in wealth is killing democracy, scholar warns
The growing maldistribution of wealth is weakening the U.S. political system, a public policy scholar warns.

Electricity grids left open to hackers
News that a computer worm disabled a safety system in a US nuclear power plant in January this year has led to fresh calls to secure electricity grids.

Scientists find key to ocean bacterium that helps control greenhouse gas
Scientists are a step closer to understanding how the world's oceans influence global warming - as well supply us with the oxygen we breathe.

UT Southwestern gets new cryo-electron microscope
There's a powerful new way of looking at disease at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas.

Detoxifying sediments with electrons and UV light
The concentration of certain toxic organic chemicals in waterway sediments can be reduced by 83 percent using electron beams--the same technology used to decontaminate mail--scientists from NIST and the University of Maryland will report in the Sept 1 issue of Environmental Science and Technology.

At Los Alamos, airborne sensor technology assists emergency responders
Scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and emergency first-responders from the U.S.

Bachelorette parties a sign of a new sexuality for women
It used to be that the pre-wedding ritual for men was the bachelor party, while the women's equivalent was the bridal shower.

New guidelines can help health officials better predict and control dengue epidemics
Using Puerto Rico as a case study, researchers have developed guidelines that can help health authorities and public officials make better decisions on whether or not to implement emergency efforts to control mosquitoes that can spread the dengue virus.

Latest advances in the 21st Century successor to the Internet
This is an invitation for journalists to attend the UK e-Science 'All Hands Meeting' featuring the latest advances in the 21st Century successor to the Internet.

Technological breakthrough in silicon photonics
Max Planck scientist introduces a new method for the manufacture of silicon nanocrystals for optoelectronics and storage technology

Treatment interruption shows no benefit in drug-resistant HIV infection
Prescribed interruptions in antiretroviral therapy--so-called

Bladder cancer survival rate jumps
Treating locally advanced bladder cancer with neoadjuvant chemotherapy -- chemotherapy before surgery -- can offer longer life to patients compared to the standard treatment of surgery alone, according to a study published in the August 28 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

New funding mechanism for melanoma research announced
The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR), the nation's largest and oldest professional society of basic, translational, and clinical cancer research scientists, is now accepting applications for the AACR-William S.

Immunosuppressant everolimus significantly reduces life-threatening heart transplant complications
Treatment with the new immunosuppressant drug everolimus is significantly more effective in reducing the severity and incidence of serious complications in heart transplant patients than the current therapy, according to a study in the Aug.

With neutrons, partners pursue the scent of success
A new research partnership at NIST is using chilled beams of neutrons to determine how aroma compounds are embedded into assortments of other chemicals that carry and release fragrances in perfumes, detergents, and other scented products.

Methane thought to be responsible for mass extinction
In an article published in Geology, a Northwestern University chemical engineer suggests that huge combustible clouds produced by methane gas trapped in stagnant bodies of water and suddenly released could have killed off the majority of marine life and land animals and plants at the end of the Permian era -- long before dinosaurs lived and died.

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for September 2003 (first issue)
Newsworthy highlights include studies that show how researchers have developed a new technique that provides a more accurate method of determining the effects of treatment in young patients with cystic fibrosis, and how a decline in pulmonary function of 10 percent or more over a 6-month period was significantly associated with increased risk of death for patients with idiopathic interstitial pneumonia.

Tufts University bioengineers discover secret of spider, silkworm fiber strength
Tufts University bioengineers have discovered how spiders and silkworms are able to spin webs and cocoons made of incredibly strong fibers.

Modern global warming more damaging than in the past
Global warming isn't what it used to be.

Army awards up to $50 million to establish Institute for Collaborative Biotechnologies
The Army Research Office is awarding an initial grant of up to $50 million over five years to a partnership among researchers at three universities to establish the Institute for Collaborative Biotechnologies.

Designer diseases
The mouse virus in Australia is one of several genetically modified viruses being developed around the world to be used as a gentler, kinder form of pest control .

Washington University in St. Louis a member of NASA's Astrobiology Institute
Bruce Fegley, Ph.D., professor of earth and planetary sciences in Arts & Sciences at Washington University, is a member of the NASA Goddard Astrobiology team.

Nanometer-sized particles change crystal structure when they get wet
As scientists shrink materials down to nanometer size, they're finding that the surface plays a much larger role in the solid's physical properties.

New Mayo Clinic approach to kidney transplants means more patients can be successfully transplanted
The Mayo Clinic kidney transplant team is using a new approach that filters out antibodies prior to surgery to overcome a major barrier to kidney transplantation in some patients.

Research on relative species abundance provides new theoretical foundation
Conventional ecological theory says that species coexist with one another by being different and the best competitors in their own ecological niches (functional roles) in the community.
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