Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 29, 2003
Rat study shows exposure to Ecstasy early in pregnancy induces brain, behavior changes
Researchers at Rush Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center in Chicago have shown that 21-day-old rat pups exposed in the womb to the drug MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, often called Ecstasy) during a period corresponding to the first trimester in human pregnancy exhibit changes in brain chemistry and behavior.

Stem cells shown to regenerate damaged lung tissue for first time
For the first time, researchers have demonstrated that adult human stem cell transplantation results in spontaneous cell regeneration in damaged lung tissue, as reported in the August 1 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

Taking Ecstasy during pregnancy may cause brain damage, behavior problems in babies
Women who take the drug Ecstasy in their first trimester of pregnancy may be putting their unborn child at risk for brain damage, according to a study published in the September issue of the journal Neurotoxicity and Teratology.

St. Jude identifies ways to improve treatment of childhood leukemia in Honduras
Investigators at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital and Hospital Escuela (Tegucigalpa, Honduras) have identified ways to improve treatments and cure rates for Honduran children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).

Few Filipino farmers know of the benefits of golden rice
It is not that Filipino farmers don't want to grow genetically engineered

Jefferson Lab's FEL: Upgraded machine continues to be most powerful device of its kind
Experiments in photochemistry and atomic physics will become possible, as should a series of advanced industrial applications, due to Jefferson Labs 10 kW upgrade to the FEL.

FDA approves Wellbutrin XL(TM)
GlaxoSmithKline announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved Wellbutrin XL™ (bupropion hydrochloride extended-release tablets) for the treatment of major depressive disorder in patients 18 and older.

Emory scientists track down immune sentinel cells with gene gun
Emory immunologists have developed a sensitive method to detect and follow dendritic cells by marking them with a change in their DNA, and have discovered that they are more numerous and longer lived than other scientists had previously observed.

Making 3-D chips a reality
Researchers led by Ronald J. Gutmann in the Focus Center-New York at Rensselaer (FC-NY-RPI) are pioneering new interconnect technologies that promise to deliver smaller, faster, inexpensive, microelectronics and circuits that function in three dimensions.

NSF awards grant of $2.5 million to UGA for study of next-generation aromatic molecules
The National Science Foundation has awarded a grant of $2.5 million during a five-year period to the University of Georgia for the study of important compounds called aromatics - structures with closed circuits of mobile electrons that make them relatively stable.

Farmers needs are key to acceptance of new crops
New agricultural crops stand a better chance of helping to fill the world's bread baskets, says a University of Maine economist, if plant breeders take farmers' needs into account early in the crop development process.

African American teen mothers have greater risk for low birth weight and premature babies
A study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health finds that African American teens living in Baltimore, Md. are twice as likely to deliver low birth weight babies and 1.5 times more likely to have premature babies than whites.

NSF awards $1.8 million for experimental grid infrastructure on UCSD campus
The NSF has earmarked $1.8 million to outfit a new computer-science building on the UCSD campus with a state-of-the-art wired/wireless network for advanced computer science research.

SUCCESS 2002 Student Contest award ceremony
Today, at the European Astronaut Centre in Cologne, the outcome of the SUCCESS 2002 Student Contest was announced to contestants eagerly waiting to see if their proposed experiment had won a prize in this competition organised every two years by the European Space Agency (ESA).

Grant renews funding of research toward cloning primates
The National Institutes of Health has awarded nearly $6.4 million to the Pittsburgh Development Center to fund investigation aimed at overcoming obstacles to cloning nonhuman primates.
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