Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 09, 2003
University of Minnesota study finds people are consuming less trans-fatty acids
People are eating less trans-fatty acids than they were two decades ago, according to research conducted at the University of Minnesota published in this month's Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

Lesbians' weight patterns may trigger more heart disease
Lesbians weigh more and carry more excess weight around their waistlines than their heterosexual sisters do, and these differences could place them at higher risk for heart disease, says a new study published in the journal Women's Health Issues.

Sir Arthur C. Clarke to address Los Alamos Space-Elevator Conference
Sir Arthur C. Clarke, world-renowned science fiction author, will address the Second Annual Space Elevator Conference held Sept.

Two commonly prescribed diabetes drugs may cause heart failure and fluid buildup
Two diabetes medications taken by more than 6 million Americans may lead to serious side effects, including the onset of congestive heart failure and pulmonary edema, according to researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas.

NHLBI study finds moderate physical activity promotes weight loss as well as intense exercise
Women trying to lose weight can benefit as much from a moderate physical activity as from an intense workout, according to a new study.

The cogs that move the science policy wheel
On 18-19 September, AAAS, the science society, celebrates the 30th anniversary of the Science and Technology Fellowship Program, launched in 1973 to provide the US Congress with the technical expertise that underlies so much federal legislation.

Atomic force microscope used to measure how well live bacteria stick
Virginia Tech researchers are using a modified form of atomic force microscopy (AFM) to observe at subatomic levels the efficiency of the attachment of bacteria to silica surfaces.

New pollutant cleanup technique puzzles, pleases chemists
Scientists looking for ways to clean up a common, persistent type of organic pollutant have developed an approach that not only restores the power of a naturally occurring pollution buster but also boosts it to levels of effectiveness that they can't currently explain.

Purdue biologists receive nearly $18 million to study infectious diseases
As part of a major U.S. presidential initiative to combat bioterrorism, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded a pair of grants to Purdue University researchers to help the group study viruses thought to have potential as biological weapons.

Chandra 'hears' a black hole
NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory detected sound waves, for the first time, from a super-massive black hole.

Pitt researchers find long-term weight loss in women
Women who exercised 250 to 300 minutes per week and reduced calorie and fat intake, lost up to 15 percent of their body weight, or about 25 pounds, in about six months and kept the weight off for the remainder of the year, according to a study by University of Pittsburgh Associate Professor John Jakicic published in the Sept.

Process developed for solvent-free acrylic fiber and cheap, fast carbon fibers
While the materials' qualities make them important to the aerospace industry, present processing technology makes carbon fiber too expensive for broader use, such as in the automotive industry.

Processing with flavonoids can mean tastier, heart healthy food
A Penn State food scientist has shown that adding heart healthy flavonoids during processing can produce tastier food products, including ultrapasteurized milk without a cooked or scalded flavor.

Scientific equipment including the first European student experiment reaches the ISS
Preparations for the Spanish Soyuz mission on the International Space Station (ISS) in October took another step forward with the successful docking of an unmanned Progress spacecraft with the International Space Station on 31 August at 05:41 Central European Time.

Los Alamos hosts Gamma-Ray Burst anniversary conference
Scientists from around the world are convening this week to debate and share their latest research at the Gamma-Ray Burst 2003 Symposium in Santa Fe, September 9 - 12, 2003.

Female physicists lead the way on Jefferson Lab experiment
A recent physics experiment at the U.S. Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab) in Newport News, Va., set what may well be a new record for accelerator physics: the most female scientists on an experiment.

Pay-as-you-go motoring just around the corner
Death and taxes may be unavoidable, but road tolls and car insurance could be made fairer if satellite-assisted distance pricing is implemented.

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Alveolus, Inc., announce agreement
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Alveolus, Inc., have announced the establishment of a program to pursue research and physician education in the field of interventional pulmonology.

Printing plastic circuits stamps patterns in place
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Viagra (R) can take effect in as little as 14 minutes in many men, study shows
A study of men with erectile dysfunction (ED) found that within 14 minutes more than one third of those taking Viagra (R) 100 mg achieved an erection that resulted in successful sexual intercourse.

Designing a better catalyst for 'artificial photosynthesis'
Scientists studying the conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) to carbon monoxide (CO) -- a crucial step in transforming CO2 to useful organic compounds such as methanol -- are trying to mimic what plants do when they convert CO2 and water to carbohydrates and oxygen in the presence of chlorophyll and sunlight.

Safeguarding the country's food supply is focus of symposium, Sept. 9
Protection of the nation's agriculture and food supply has taken on an increased sense of urgency in the wake of the terrorist attacks of 9-11-01.

Chicago area chemist Lee Marek wins ACS Helen M. Free award
Lee Marek of Naperville, Ill., received the 2003 Helen M.

A sophisticated virtual simulation tool to test-drive new cars
An innovation in driving simulation design that has completely virtualised the driving experience will soon allow European car manufacturers to test new car designs quickly, cheaply and more effectively than ever before.

Exercise and breast-cancer prevention: study finds it's never too late to start
Increased physical activity, even when begun later in life, reduces overall breast-cancer risk by 20 percent among women at all levels of risk for the disease.

Most physicians willing to serve but unready for bioterrorism
Despite the terrorist attacks of September 11, the anthrax mailings, media coverage and a proliferation of programs about bioterrorist agents, a survey conducted in 2002 found that although four out of five physicians were willing to care for victims of a bioterrorist attack, only one out of five felt well prepared for such a role.

Society lauds FDA menopausal hormone therapy information campaign
The Society for Women's Health Research (SWHR) today joined other health organizations in supporting the launch of the U.S.

Finding the link between fat and high blood pressure
How fat contributes to high blood pressure is the focus of a new study at the Medical College of Georgia that is part of a National Institutes of Health initiative to understand the relationship between obesity and cardiovascular disease.

Researchers develop system to detect biowarfare agents on navy ships
An Ohio State University professor is part of a team that developed a new protocol that the U.S.

UNC study shows Internet offers youths easy way to buy cigarettes
Children and adolescents can buy cigarettes easily through the Internet since cigarette venders have weak or nonexistent age verification methods, a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study concludes.

NIAID launches malaria vaccine trial in Africa
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), one of the National Institutes of Health, has reached a milestone in its efforts to support accelerated development of malaria vaccines.

American Neurological Association 128th Annual Meeting
Some highlights of the 128th Annual Meeting of the American Neurological Association in San Francisco, October 19 - 22, 2003 are as follows: viruses and bacteria-threats from bioterrorism and Mother Nature, lessons learned in animal models of neurologic disease, origins of sleep disorders, surprising commonalities of epilepsy, migraine, and other episodic disorders.

Similar genetic origins possible for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder
A study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center, University of Cambridge and the Stanley Medical Research Institute appears to offer the first hard evidence that schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, severe psychoses that affect 2 percent of the population, may have similar genetic roots.

Society for Biomolecular Screening to hold ninth annual conference
Innovators and decision makers in pharmaceutical and biotech industries will gather to share the latest theories, applications, technological innovations, and breaking industry news in all aspects of drug discovery, including genomics, proteomics, nanotechnology, and more.
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