Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 14, 2003
Discovering new regulators of the immune system
In an attempt to find new regulators of the immune system, a team of researchers at Rigel Pharmaceuticals, Inc. have created a successful method for discovering molecules that are involved in signalling pathways.

Chronic drinking increases cortisol during intoxication and withdrawal
Cortisol, a

The risk of intimate partner violence varies by ethnicity
Roughly one in five couples has experienced intimate partner violence (IPV) in the previous year.

Marriage appears to be beneficial to women's health, but only when marital satisfaction is high
Women who are in satisfying marriages have a health advantage over unmarried women or those in unsatisfying marriages, according to a new study.

Alcohol may compound its damaging effects through frontocerebellar circuitry
Chronic alcohol use can lead to a wide range of brain structural and neuropsychological dysfunction.

Enzyme discovery sheds light on causes of rare disease, cancer
Discovery of a new enzyme, PHF9, is providing insight into the biological processes involved in development of Fanconi anemia (FA), a rare genetic disorder that primarily affects children.

Sensory cells for hearing and balance are fast-developing, UVA researchers find
The functional development of hair cells in the inner ear that mediate hearing and balance takes place over a period of just one day in mouse embryos, according to a study by a research team at the University of Virginia Health System.

Phages point the way to novel targets for antimicrobial drug discovery
By applying phage genomics and functional genomics strategies to discover and exploit the targets that bacteriophages, or bacterial viruses, attack to inhibit microbial growth, scientists at PhageTech Inc. have identified novel small molecule compounds that effectively kill or inhibit the growth of disease-causing bacteria.

Pancreatic cancer linked to developmental cell signaling pathway
Scientists at UCSF and Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) have found strong evidence that a cell signaling pathway active in embryonic development plays a crucial role in pancreatic cancer.

OHSU scientists uncover key protein for Fanconi anemia, cancer susceptibility
Isolation of a new protein in the Fanconi anemia (FA) pathway is a major step in understanding how proteins associated with the rare, inherited disorder function to ensure normal development and prevent cancer.

First year of widowhood most harmful to mental health, according to study involving 70,000 women
From one of the largest prospective and cross-sectional studies conducted on the health of middle-age women, researchers find that first year widows have a substantial drop in their mental health but do bounce back after a period of time, according to a new study.

Women who drink may be at greater risk of cardiovascular complications than men
Chronic, heavy alcohol consumption can increase the prevalence of cardiovascular complications, including hypertension, cardiomyopathy, arrhythmia, and stroke.
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