Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 17, 2003
Astrophysicists discover massive forming galaxies
A Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory astrophysicist, in collaboration with international researchers, has found evidence for the synchronous formation of massive, luminous elliptical galaxies in young galaxy clusters.

Oregon Research Institute receives NIH grants to study substance abuse, parenting
In the last week, Eugene-based Oregon Research Institute has received very good news from Washington, D.

Ancient relatives of algae yield new insights into role of CO2 in Earth's early atomsphere
Arlington, Va.--Awareness of the global warming effects of carbon dioxide (CO2) is relatively recent, but the greenhouse gas has been playing a critical role in warming our planet for billions of years, according to University of Maryland geologist Jay Kaufman and Virginia Polytechnic Institute geologist Shuhai Xiao.

Dr. Judah Folkman honored with American Heart Association/Novartis award
Judah Folkman, M.D., is the winner of this year's Novartis Award for Hypertension Research.

Contaminated water from abandoned mines threatens Colorado ski areas
The ability of several of Colorado's prime ski areas to respond to winter drought is threatened by acidic runoff from abandoned mines.

UCSF begins study testing antiviral drug tenofovir to prevent HIV infection
UCSF researchers have been funded by the National Institutes of Health to study the antiretroviral drug tenofovir as a potential pre-exposure prophylaxis in Cambodia among high-risk, HIV-uninfected women.

NSF awards Rice $15m for information technology research
Rice University today won nine grants worth $15 million from the National Science Foundation for information technology research aimed at making supercomputers more accessible, developing standards for the next-generation Internet, designing high-speed wireless systems and more.

Row erupts over asteroid scares
Astronomers are so horrified by press scares of near-Earth asteroid collisions that they are toning down the scale they use to rate the threat posed by an asteroid.

ASHRAE studies impact of IAQ on classroom performance
Research to determine whether indoor air quality conditions in classrooms are negatively impacting children's health and their performance in school is being conducted by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE).

Dana-Farber researchers to lead collaborative smallpox studies
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases has selected Dana-Farber Cancer Institute to head one of five newly established Cooperative Centers for Translational Research on Human Immunology and Biodefense.

Heart-stopping drugs
A new way of stopping the heart during open-heart surgery could improve the patients' chance of a full recovery.

UC San Diego researchers receive $14 million from NSF for 10 new information technology projects
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) will receive more than $14.3 million from the National Science Foundation (NSF) for ten new projects in the information-technology arena.

NIH History Day celebrates NIH; Features lecture and tours
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) will celebrate the first annual NIH History Day on Monday, September 22, 2003 on the NIH campus in Bethesda, Maryland.

New blood test could detect lung cancer in its earliest stages
Scientists at Duke University Medical Center are developing a non-invasive test that could detect lung cancer in its earliest stages, while it is still treatable.

Yerkes researchers first to recognize sense of fairness in nonhuman primates
In the first experimental demonstration of its kind, researchers have shown nonhuman primates respond negatively to unequal reward distribution, a reaction often seen in humans based on their universal sense of fairness.

Data privacy, emergency response, weather prediction to benefit from information technology advances
Protecting individual privacy in a networked world, getting the right information at the right time for emergency response, predicting high-impact local weather such as thunderstorms, and monitoring wetlands with networks of mobile robotic sensors are the challenges being addressed by four of the eight large projects funded this year by the National Science Foundation (NSF) in the Information Technology Research (ITR) program.

Why we see red when looking at ocean plants
Green was the dominant color for plants both on land and in the ocean until about 250 million years ago when changes in the ocean's oxygen content - possibly sparked by a cataclysmic event - helped bring basic ocean plants with a red color to prominence - a status they retain today.

Childhood abuse related to alcoholism in Native Americans
New research on seven Native American tribes suggests that tribe members who were abused or sent away to school as children are more likely to have problems with alcohol later in life.

'Iron-clad' evidence for spinning black hole
Telltale X-rays from iron may reveal if black holes are spinning or not, according to astronomers using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and the European Space Agency's XMM-Newton Observatory.

Staph aureus bacteremia in ESRD patients associated with substantial illness and higher costs
End-stage renal disease patients who develop Staph aureus blood stream infections suffer substantial treatment costs and illness, according to new pharmacoeconomic studies that describe the clinical outcomes, health care resource use and infection-associated costs of Staph aureus bacteremia among prospectively identified hemodialysis-dependent patients.

National Library of the Netherlands and BioMed Central agree to open access archive
Jan Velterop, Director and Publisher of BioMed Central, and Wim van Drimmelen, Director General of the Koninklijke Bibliotheek (KB), the National Library of the Netherlands, today signed an agreement to secure the long-term digital archiving of all research published by BioMed Central.

Contaminated water from abandoned mines threatens colorado ski areas, say Colorado U. researchers
The ability of several of Colorado's prime ski areas to respond to winter drought is threatened by acidic runoff from abandoned mines, according to researchers at the University of Colorado at Boulder and the Northwest Colorado Council of Governments.

New Commonwealth Fund analysis compares candidtes' health care reform proposals
A new analysis by The Commonwealth Fund of health care reform proposals of major presidential candidates reveals a range of strategies to extend health insurance coverage to millions of uninsured Americans, with most plans building on the current U.S. system of group health insurance.

Emory School of Medicine receives $16 million NIH grant to lead biodefense consortium
Emory University School of Medicine has received a grant of $16 million to lead one of five national Cooperative Centers for Translational Research on Human Immunology and Biodefense, announced today by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID).

Distant star bursts provide key to the origin of galaxies
Revealing images produced by one of the world's most sophisticated telescopes are enabling a team of Edinburgh astronomers to see clearly for the first time how distant galaxies were formed 12 billion years ago.

Gamma-ray bursts: Are we safe?
For a few seconds every day, Earth is bombarded by gamma rays created by cataclysmic explosions in distant galaxies.

Sandia demonstrates next generation high performance computing cluster
Sandia National Laboratories today announced at the Intel Developer Forum it will demonstrate an Intel-based next-generation, High Performance Computing (HPC) cluster, the first such cluster to utilize PCI Express visualization systems.

Unique two-part macroemulsion offers new approach to cleaning up contaminated aquifers
Environmental engineering researchers have developed a novel two-part approach for cleaning up toxic chlorinated solvents spilled into underground water supplies from former dry cleaning and industrial operations.

$85 million awarded for research on human immunity and biodefense
A better understanding of the human immune response to potential agents of bioterror and rapid development of countermeasures such as vaccines and therapies are among the objectives of a new program announced today by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), one of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Countries find common ground to protect world's rarest gorilla
The Ministers of the environment from Nigeria and Cameroon have established an agreement to protect the Cross River gorilla, the world's rarest subspecies of gorilla that totals a mere 280 individuals throughout its entire range, according to the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS).

Alfred Bader to present 2003 Ullyot Public Affairs Lecture
Alfred Bader, a noted art collector, entrepreneur, and scientist, will present the 2003 Ullyot Public Affairs Lecture at the Chemical Heritage Foundation on Thursday, 18 September.

Atmospheric carbon dioxide greater 1.4 billion years ago
Measurement of Proterozoic fossils using a new instrument has confirmed a portion of a 1993 model that estimated the levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere billions of years ago.
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