Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 23, 2003
Researchers develop a 'smart' payment card that can easily be programmed to restrict spending
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have one-upped

A picture perfect test of well-being: Graphic assessment tool tunes into life satisfaction
After working at it for the past decade, gerontologist and Dean of the Decker School of Nursing Sarah Gueldner has led a team of colleagues from institutions the world over in the development of a unique research tool to quantifiably measure almost anyone's sense of well-being.

Harvard Medical School launches new department to study human biology at the level of whole systems
Harvard Medical School today makes a significant commitment to the emerging field of systems biology in announcing the creation of the Department of Systems Biology (DSB), one of the first department-level systems biology programs in the nation.

Geological Society to meet in Seattle; topics include geology of salmon, wine
Scientists will present cutting-edge geological research and discuss geology topics of specific interest in the Pacific Northwest -- including the geology of salmon and the geology of wine -- when the Geological Society of America holds its annual meeting in Seattle in November.

Estrogen improves short term memory and oral reading in midlife postmenopausal women
Midlife postmenopausal women who received daily treatment with estrogen showed improved oral reading and verbal memory performance, Yale School of Medicine researchers report in the September issue of the journal Menopause.

Lightweight, high resistance synthetic fibres to save historic buildings and monuments
Europe's crumbling heritage can now be saved with new carbon-fibre strips that can strengthen buildings.

Ill South Pole worker safely evacuated
An ill worker at the National Science Foundation's Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station in Antarctica has been evacuated from Antarctica and is en route to United States for medical treatment.

Can heart failure impair thinking?
Areas of gray matter loss may contribute to inappropriate attention and memory issues, as well as breathing regulation, in heart failure patients.

Prescribed burns can threaten pine Savannah amphibians
While longleaf pine savannahs in the southeast U.S. depend on periodic fires, today's prescribed burns are set too often for the tremendous diversity of amphibians living there.

Uninsured face higher death risk from aorta problems
Add one more item to the list of extra risks that the uninsured face: The risk of death from problems with the aorta, the body's largest blood vessel.

Two female engineers at Yale on TR100 list of top young innovators
Two of Yale Engineering's newest female faculty, Erin Lavik and Ainissa Ramirez, have been named to the 2003 list of the world's 100 Top Young Innovators by Technology Review, MIT's Magazine of Innovation.

Study points to long-term health problems for pediatric cancer survivors
Nearly half of childhood cancer survivors have at least one fairly significant health problem later in life caused by their cancer or cancer treatment, according to a landmark study of nearly 10,000 survivors at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas and 25 other institutions.

No need to change post-operative treatment for lung cancer, says clinical scientist
Post-operative chemotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer looks like an attractive proposition to prevent cancer recurring, said Professor Nick Thatcher at ECCO12 - The European Cancer Conference in Copenhagen today (Tuesday 23 September).

Sandia nanolaser may help extend life-spans by rapidly analyzing possible neuroprotectant drugs
A unique laser operating in the nanometer range has demonstrated the first-ever technique for studying the reactions of ultrasmall biological organelles in their functioning state.

Ranches key to conservation in rocky mountains
Conservationists are enthusiastic about preserving ranches from development but no one knows if this really helps protect biodiversity.

A new survey reveals how parents really handle the toughest challenges of raising kids today
Picky eaters, pet funerals, and couch potato syndrome. In a national online survey of 500 parents of kids ages 2-11, nearly 70% admitted they occasionally question themselves on these and other tough parenting choices.

The European Cancer Patient Coalition - challenges for the future
The emergence of cross-Europe policies on health mean that it is important that cancer patients should speak with one voice.

UGA scientist to study effect of air quality on unborn babies
From recent studies in many countries, scientists suspect a relationship between exposure to air pollution and health problems like preterm births, low birth weights, poor fetal development and mortality, said Luke Naeher, an environmental epidemiologist with the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.

New cancer patients' coalition aims to change the face of European health policy
A new cancer patients' group covering people with all types of cancer is being set up in Europe.

Species vs. Species
Because loggerhead shrikes on San Clemente Island are critically endangered, the foxes that prey on their nestlings should be controlled.

Exercise measures identify heart disease in seemingly healthy women
A woman's fitness level and the time it takes for her heart to return to normal after exercise are more accurate predictors of female heart disease risk than electrical recordings of the heart, according to a national study led by Johns Hopkins researchers.

Hormonal changes in satisfied and dissatisfied shift workers across a shift cycle
To better understand the variation in tolerance of shift work, researchers focused on the endocrine differences between two types of shift workers.

The Passionate Mind: Oct. 9-11 Utah Symposium in Science & Literature
The University of Utah holds its second annual Symposium in Science & Literature Oct.

Most adult survivors of childhood cancer consider themselves in good health
Adult survivors of childhood cancer generally consider themselves to be in good health, even though more than 40 percent of such survivors indicated that at least one aspect of their health has been affected by the disease.

New study shows why hypertension affects black males disproportionately
Hypertension (HT) remains a public health challenge because it is so prevalent and leads to increases in cardiovascular disease.

High blood pressure is a factor in some 'senior moments'
Memory problems commonly associated with age and called

The DFG announces EURYI Awards for Germany
The first call for proposals for the European Young Investigator (EURYI) Awards to support and encourage outstanding young researchers from all over the world has been announced.

Obesity, kidney genetics, erectile dysfunction among highlighted research at APS Meeting
The American Physiological Society hosts

Nasal contribution to breathing with exercise: The effect of race and gender
A new study examines the benefits and likelihood of nasal breathing in white and black males and females during exercise.

Joslin and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center sign new joint venture clinical agreement
Joslin Diabetes Center and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) have signed a five-year agreement that expands and improves the longstanding clinical collaboration between these two institutions to provide preeminent specialty care for people with diabetes.

Identifying cancer genes - Will it really lead to better treatment?
A systematic trawl through the human genome looking for the abnormalities that drive cancer is already producing promising results, a UK scientist Dr Mike Stratton told ECCO 12 - The European Cancer Conference in Copenhagen (Tuesday 23 September).

Using GPR to estimate tree root biomass
In the September/October issue of the Soil Science Society of America Journal (SSSAJ), researchers from the FS Southern Research Station (SRS) unit in Research Triangle Park, NC present the results of a study that assesses ground penetrating radar (GPR) as a fast, noninvasive method to improve estimates of root biomass.

Lion's share of the best of Asia's progressive minds in science and medicine convene
Over 1,500 scientific delegates, distinguished lecturers, public forum attendees, and exhibitors collectively salute the Merlion --Singapore's iconic landmark that today represents prowess of the nation as a global scientific hub-- for the success of the Second Asia-Pacific Conference on Anti-Aging Medicine.

Livestock health sensors and wireless data storage in the works
On the near-horizon for American livestock producers is the likelihood they'll need to be able to identify and track each and every animal they send to market, say animal health experts at Kansas State University.

Researchers measure effects of flow regulation and diking on salmon habitat loss
Using a simple, yet sophisticated computer analysis, Oregon researchers have determined that flood control dikes in the Columbia River floodplain and reduction of peak water flows have reduced shallow water habitat for juvenile salmon by about 62 percent during the crucial May to July period when salmon most need such shallow waters for their transition to the Pacific Ocean.

Rutgers to create ultra-tiny 'bio-nano' motors under National Science Foundation grant
Three engineering departments at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey are teaming up under an NSF grant to create a prototype of an ultra-tiny motor small enough to be part of a system that could eventually travel patients' bloodstreams to help repair damaged cells, organs and DNA.

Standard treatment for lung cancer should be changed, say scientists
Patients with non-small cell lung cancer are more likely to survive if they have chemotherapy after surgery than if they have surgery alone, ECCO12 - the European Cancer Conference heard today (Tuesday).

US prostate cancer deaths down one third in men aged 50-74: Europe following?
New findings presented today (Tuesday 23 September) at ECCO 12 - The European Cancer Conference, show that US prostate cancer mortality rates, which had been increasing slowly during the 1970s and 1980s, suddenly started to fall rapidly during the 1990s and definite decreases also being seen in some European countries.

Findings offer further understanding about growth and development in young male gymnasts
Gymnastics training in young males does not appear to have significant effects on their resting testosterone, sexual maturation, if body composition is within normal range.

National Science Foundation announces $14M planetary biodiversity inventory awards
The National Science Foundation (NSF), in cooperation with the ALL Species Foundation, has announced an important new strategy to discover, describe and classify Earth's species.

Live seafood trade linked to species invasions
The global live seafood trade is barely regulated even though it could be a significant conservation threat.

Sandia researchers design unique microfluidic capillary fittings, manifolds and interconnects
Pursuing commercialization of technologies spawned by its highly successful ╬╝ChemLab(tm) project, Sandia National Laboratories is actively soliciting industry partners to license, manufacture, and sell a unique suite of microfluidic connection products.
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