Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 29, 2003
NSF grant to ORNL is big step toward national cyberinfrastructure
Researchers from around the nation will have access to some of the world's finest scientific tools because of a $3.9 million grant from the National Science Foundation to the Center for Computational Sciences at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Lost manufacturing jobs may be gone for good, U-M economist says
Despite new initiatives by the Bush administration to address long-time job declines in U.S. manufacturing, a University of Michigan economist says the outlook for American factory jobs remains bleak.

Open access initiative from the Company of Biologists
The Company of Biologists announces that - from January 2004 - its journals - Development, Journal of Cell Science and The Journal of Experimental Biology - will be offering authors the option of 'open access.'

NIAID awards $81 million for HIV vaccine development
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), today announced four new contracts to support development of candidate HIV vaccines.

Packard Children's Hospital gift creates new biotech research center for children's health
Lucile Packard Children's Hospital has given $700,000 to the Stanford University School of Medicine to harness the rapidly evolving field of biotechnology research for advancing children's health.

'Meetings on Physics' (Incontri di Fisica) is back again this year
'Meetings on Physics' (Incontri di Fisica) will take place from October 2 - 4 at the Infn's National Laboratories of Frascati, near Rome; researchers and school teachers will meet and exchange experiences.

University of Toronto professor turns hemp into auto parts
If Mohini Sain has his way, cars of the future may be fitted with tough, durable and completely biodegradable bumpers made of hemp.

Infants can use previous observations to interpret new ones
Twelve-month-old infants can use previous observations as a basis to understand new interactions, although five-month-olds cannot, according to a Yale study.

Trojan Horse technique may slow growth of tumours
Toronto scientists are taking a page from Greek legend by employing a Trojan Horse technique that may treat breast cancer proven resistant to chemotherapy.

Researchers identify botox receptor
In a paper published in the Sept. 29 issue of the Journal of Cell Biology, researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison identify a receptor - a route of entry - for the Botox toxin that could lead to improved uses of the substance in the medical field and new methods for neutralizing it in the event of biological warfare.

Scientists estimate risk of raven predation on desert tortoises
Young desert tortoises in the western Mojave Desert are at risk of predation by common ravens, according to a new study in Ecology.

NSF announces three awards to extend the reach of Terascale Facility
The National Science Foundation (NSF) today announced $10 million in awards to Indiana and Purdue universities, Oak Ridge National Laboratory and The University of Texas to enhance the capabilities of NSF's Extensible Terascale Facility (ETF) with not only computing resources, but also scientific instruments and data collections.

Popular Canadian writing born in US, says scholar
Canadian fiction and non-fiction were not born in Toronto or some other large Canadian centre but, rather, in New York City, says University of Toronto English professor Nick Mount.

NASA completes Orbital Space Plane design review
NASA's Orbital Space Plane (OSP) program is one step closer to becoming the nation's next space vehicle with the successful completion of its Systems Requirements Review.

PET scans used to determine progression of HIV infection
Researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine used positron emission tomography (PET) scans to identify sites of replicating HIV in the lymphatic system of people recently infected with the virus.

Carnegie Mellon leads team receiving $7.5 million from NSF to develop high speed telecomm network
The National Science Foundation has made a $7.5 million grant to a collaboration of scientists led by Carnegie Mellon University researchers who will lay the groundwork for a new, wireless, glass fiber-based telecommunications network that will bring reliable high-speed Internet access to every home and small business in America within the next few years.

Marine Corps experience shown to enhance job prospects
When their tours of active duty in Iraq or Afghanistan are over, Marines who receive an honorable discharge may be welcomed back by some employers with a higher salary for their Marine Corps experience, Penn State researchers have found.

Princeton releases study on status of women in science and engineering
Princeton University has made considerable progress in attracting and retaining women scientists and engineers during the last decade, but should undertake a wide range of initiatives to address imbalances that remain between women and men in these fields, according to a study conducted by faculty members.

NSF invites science journalists to public symposium on astronomy
On October 7-8, 2003, science journalists are invited to attend

Dating, delinquent friends key reasons why early puberty linked to delinquency in girls
Girls who go through puberty earlier than their peers are more likely to be involved in delinquency, but not for the reasons often suspected.

NIAID reports 'tremendous progress' in biodefense research
Biomedical researchers in government, academia and industry have made tremendous progress working collaboratively towards developing countermeasures for bioterrorism, according to a report issued today on research funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), one of the National Institutes of Health.

High blood pressure does not accelerate age-related cognitive decline
Duke University Medical Center researchers have found that contrary to the classical model of aging, increased blood pressure does not accelerate the age-related decline in performing certain mental tasks.

Female athletes pressured to look feminine: Sociologist
Sex still sells in sport, creating pressure to conform to a

Metal stamping project aims at cutting manufacturing costs
With new, one-of-a-kind test equipment, NIST researchers aim to stamp out costly, delay-causing errors in the design of dies used to make sheet-metal parts ranging from car hoods to airplane wings to pots, pans and cans.

Study offers genetic clues to causes of mysterious skin disease
People suffering from scleroderma, a debilitating, sometimes-fatal skin disease, may one day benefit from a study that gives doctors their first look at the genes behind the poorly understood disease.

2003 ozone 'hole' approaches, but falls short of record
This year's Antarctic ozone hole is the second largest ever observed, according to scientists from NASA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and the Naval Research Laboratory.

On the antiquity of pots: New method developed for dating archaeological pottery
Researchers at Britain's University of Bristol have developed the first direct method for dating pottery by examining animal fats preserved inside the ceramic walls.

Researchers identify novel treatment for polycystic kidney disease in animals
The drug OPC31260 stops the development of cysts and prevents kidney function loss in rats and mice, according to a Mayo Clinic and Indiana University School of Medicine study published in the October 2003 issue of Nature Medicine.

Disrupting two cell mechanisms in combination can suppress aggressive breast cancer in mice
Scientists at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and colleagues found that by inhibiting both the proteins responsible for breast cancer growth and those required for the formation of new blood vessels, they could more effectively suppress the growth of extremely aggressive breast tumors in mice.

Experts to demonstrate latest, cost-cutting computer-based caregiving for older Americans
Led by the SPRY Foundation (Setting Priorities for Retirement Years), a leader in helping older Americans remain independent and age successfully, 54 public and private sponsoring organizations are jointly hosting

Leaky ducts in HVAC units drive up energy costs for Louisiana homeowners, researchers say
Some Louisiana Tech researchers have released a report titled:

Non-human molecule is absorbed by eating red meat according to study by UCSD researchers
A non-human, cellular molecule is absorbed into human tissues as a result of eating red meat and milk products, according to a study by UCSD School of Medicine researchers.

Cleaner chemical processes is goal of new center
Washington University in St. Louis is joining two other universities in a new center devoted to developing the basis for environmentally friendly chemical processes.

Forest service leads Agenda 2020 western forestry research
A partnership among industry, government, and the forest products industry is working to help the United States reduce its dependency on fossil fuels, increase carbon sequestration, and help promote sustainable development of global economic competitiveness in rural communities.

Post-stroke treatment with antidepressants appears to reduce death rate
Antidepressant treatment for people who have had stroke -- whether the patients are depressed or not -- appears to increase their chances of living longer.

Vermont's 'GPI' twice the national average
Using an alternative economic index called the Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI), which adjusts for social and environmental factors, researchers at the University of Vermont have determined that the economic welfare of Vermonters is about twice the national average.

Project to make smallpox inoculations safe by 'leashing' current vaccine virus
ASU virologist Bertram Jacobs has received a $5.5 million grant from NIH to create a usable smallpox vaccine with the same effectiveness as the current vaccine, but treatable using commonly used drugs.
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