Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 30, 2003
Canopy raft, canopy crane, canopy bubble, Ikos tree house in Panama
Of the 10 million plus species thought to exist on this planet, a mere 2 million are known to science.

COX-2 inhibitors and renal damage in obesity-related Type II diabetes
Taken as a whole, new findings suggest that COX-2 inhibitors may be beneficial for the prevention of renal damage in obesity-related Type II diabetes.

New study of obesity, genes and socio-economic status uses individual growth curves
The approach to measuring obesity is unique in two ways: first, data come from a longitudinal study of more than 620 participants who have annually provided key body measurements for a decade; second, statistical growth curve modeling is used to describe the development of body fat measures of individuals and examine how the growth curves differ by race, sex, socio-economic status, and genetic make-up.

Health disparities between racial groups affect joblessness
Health disparities based on racial and ethnic identity account for a significant portion of the differences in employment rates between certain minorities and whites.

Study finds obesity not associated with efficacy of tamoxifen for early-stage breast cancer
Obesity is not associated with an increased risk of recurrence among women with early-stage, hormone-responsive breast cancer and does not appear to decrease the effectiveness of the drug tamoxifen, according to a study in the October 1 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Chronic pain: treatment, rehabilitation, and quality of life
The current issue of the Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development (JRRD)includes a special section that focuses on the treatment, rehabilitation, and quality of life for individuals who experience chronic pain.

New research technique provides unique glimpse into Alzheimer's disease
A team led by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Even though it prevents fracture, HRT not recommended, say Pittsburgh researchers
Hormone therapy helps prevent bone fracture in women, but the benefit does not override the therapy's well-known negative links to heart disease and breast cancer, report University of Pittsburgh researchers in the October 1 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

UK government is 'losing the battle for public opinion'
Nearly half the British population - 46% - claim to have changed their minds about the war with Iraq, new research by Cardiff University has shown.

Sept/Oct Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
The September/October 2003 issue of Annals of Family Medicine takes an up-close look at continuity of care -- the ongoing relationship between a patient and a physician.

OHSU researcher co-authors National State-By-State Report Card on women and smoking; Oregon flunks
Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death among women, yet 38 states, including Oregon, received failing grades for not meeting national goals to reduce and prevent smoking among girls and women.

Biological basis for creativity linked to mental illness
Psychologists from the University of Toronto and Harvard University have identified one of the biological bases of creativity.

MRI accurately depicts spread of cancer to bone
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is extremely accurate in helping radiologists identify involvement of soft-tissue sarcomas (malignant tumors found in connective tissue) of underlying bone, according to a study appearing in the October issue of the journal Radiology.

Does a new hypothesis help explain higher levels of hypertension among African-Americans?
The major finding of this study is that stress-induced salt sensitivity and the associated increased blood pressure load contribute to racial differences in the prevalence of hypertension.

Obesity and blood pressure
Based on the functions of certain metabolites (eicosanoids), a team of researchers hypothesized that the synthesis of these substances is affected during obesity.

FMD future: Vaccines or funeral pyres?
Millions of animals could be needlessly slaughtered and billions of dollars lost from economies, unless the world backs an international science team to develop new tools to fight the terrible livestock disease, foot-and-mouth disease (FMD).

Other highlights in the October 1 issue of JNCI
Other highlights of the October 1 issue of JNCI include a study suggesting that adjuvant chemotherapy does not improve survival in patients with surgically removed non-small-cell lung cancer, and a study suggesting that selenium supplementation is ineffective at preventing secondary nonmelanoma skin cancer.

Prostate cancer screening interval of 4 years misses few cancers, study shows
A 4-year screening interval was adequate to detect most cancers in a large European randomized trial of prostate cancer screening, according to a study in the October 1 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

NIAID funds construction of biosafety laboratories
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, today announced funding for the construction of two National Biocontainment Laboratories (NBLs) and nine Regional Biocontainment Laboratories (RBLs).

Interdisciplinary coral bleaching research funded
Dr. Semen Koksal, associate professor of mathematical sciences, has earned the university's first interdisciplinary grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF).

Vascular disease and aging
New results demonstrate a progressive age-related increase in thoracic aorta gene expression for adhesion molecules that participate in inflammatory-mediated pathologies, and altered expression for selected groups of molecules involved in vascular remodeling.

Discovering what genes do the high-throughput way
Researchers at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute in Boston have developed a fast and systematic method that could make it easier to understand how cells from complex animals work.

Does stress-induced impaired pressure natriuresis contribute to renal disease?
New findings indicate that a certain response pattern increases the load on the kidney, which may lead to the early development of renal disease.

Study shows link between antibiotics and allergies, asthma
Children who receive antibiotics within their first six months of birth increase their risk of developing by age 7 allergies to pets, ragweed, grass and dust mites and asthma, according to a Henry Ford Hospital study.

Stanford research finds gene variations that alter antidepressant side effects
Researchers at Stanford University Medical Center have identified a genetic marker that can explain why some people experience side effects to common antidepressants while others do not.

Delays in heart attack care erode the difference between two emergency therapies
Angioplasty may save more heart attack patients than clot-buster drugs if it's given swiftly, as shown in recent studies.

Contrast mammography reveals hard-to-find cancers
A new technique accurately identifies breast cancers that are difficult to detect with conventional mammography, according to a study appearing in the October issue of the journal Radiology.

NIH announces strategy to accelerate medical research progress
In a move to transform the nation's medical research capabilities and speed the movement of research discoveries from the bench to the bedside, National Institutes of Health (NIH) Director Elias A.

MIT's HexFlex manipulates the nanoscopic
Assembling a machine sounds straightforward, but what if the components of that machine are nanoscopic?

Research offers insight on treatment for hereditary eye disease
Findings of a Dartmouth Medical School study may provide a step for treating as well as understanding an incurable debilitating eye disease that can eventually lead to blindness.

Isabel's secrets
Hurricane Isabel blasted through the Caribbean and southeastern United States, leaving behind a trail of destruction, but also a trail of information.

UCR geneticist spells out consequences of genetically engineered genes escaping into wild species
Norman C. Ellstrand, professor of genetics at UC Riverside and director of the Biotechnology Impacts Center, has published his first book entitled

Largest study to date finds radiofrequency ablation is best treatment for benign bone tumor
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) should be the treatment of choice for the majority of patients suffering with a benign but painful bone tumor known as osteoid osteoma, according to research published in the October issue of Radiology.

Could a specific protein contribute to erectile dysfunction for the diabetic and obese?
Some eight million men are at risk for erectile dysfunction (ED) induced by Type II (insulin resistant) diabetes.

Tylenol awards $250,000 to outstanding healthcare students
The makers of Tylenol(R) are pleased to announce the winners of the 2003 Tylenol Scholarships.

What lies beneath
Just a few hundred yards off the coast of southern California, two huge submarine canyons slice more than three hundred feet into the seafloor, and their impact on those living in the area is tremendous.

Abrupt wing stall
When a fighter pilot engages an enemy at sonic speeds, abrupt wing stall is definitely not part of his flight plan.

Manual, low-tech method for 2nd trimester abortions found safe and effective
A hand-held vacuum aspiration device works as well as a more expensive electrical one for ending second-trimester pregnancies, according to results of a study by Johns Hopkins obstetricians published in the October issue of the International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to