Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 01, 2003
M. D. Anderson expands peer counseling program for African-American breast cancer survivors
Researchers at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center are reaching out to African-American women across the United States in an effort to improve their sexual quality of life after surviving breast cancer.

Census study: whites less likely than blacks to live with extended family
A hundred years of census data indicates whites are now less likely than blacks to live in extended-family households, a reversal from the earlier half of the century, according to a study published in the August Demography.

Jefferson scientists find anemia drug may help lessen effects of heart attack
Researchers at Jefferson Medical College have found that the anemia drug erythropoietin (EPO) may lessen the effects of a heart attack due to ischemia, or lack of oxygen, by protecting heart cells from dying.

Antiepileptic drug developed at Hebrew University to undergo phase three clinical trials
The new antiepileptic drug valrocemide, developed at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem by Meir Bialer, the David Eisenberg Professor of Pharmacy, will undergo phase three clinical trials in the U.S. under a new agreement between Teva Pharmaceutical Industries of Israel and Acorda Therapeutics of the U.S.

New surface can find different twists on a molecular theme
Researchers have created a new process to produce materials that can sift through similar, molecular brethren and latch onto chemicals that differ from each other in only their mirrored images.

USC awarded multi-million dollar engineering research center by National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation has awarded the University of Southern California $17 million to fund a new center that is expected to move the Los Angeles region to the forefront of the growing biotechnology industry.

Pneumococcal vaccine significantly reduces disease in South African children
In a clinical trial conducted in nearly 40,000 young children in Soweto, South Africa, a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine aimed at nine strains of disease reduced the incidence of pneumonia, invasive pneumococcal disease, and disease caused by antibiotic-resistant strains, in both HIV-infected and non-HIV-infected children.

Turkey genome research may help producers breed a better turkey
To the average person, the turkey genome may seem to be a lot of

New insight into heart failure suggests novel drug target
By disrupting the activity of a single heart protein, Duke University Medical Center researchers eased heart failure significantly in mice with chronic high blood pressure.

NSF awards contract for start of integrated ocean drilling program
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded a contract to an alliance of the Joint Oceanographic Institutions (JOI), Inc., Texas A&M University, and the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University to operate a scientific drillship as part of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP).

Aggregation of cloned mouse embryos improves survival rate
Scientists at the University of Pennsylvania have found a novel way to boost the paltry survival rate of cloned mammals: When two genetically identical cloned mouse embryos are combined, the aggregate embryo is considerably more likely to survive to birth.

A spoon full of sugar helps inflammation go down
In the October 1 issue of the JCI, Charles Dimitroff and colleagues from Harvard Medical School introduce a new strategy for the inhibition of selectin ligand production, which consequently prevents the development of allergic reactions in the skin.

When heme attacks: After trauma, the molecule that makes life possible rampages
Heme, the iron-bearing molecule that lets hemoglobin carry oxygen, can worsen damage following a traumatic event (heart attack, stroke, car accident, etc).

A dangerous duo: Heart disease and diabetes
In the October 1 issue of the JCI, Michael A.

Health experts and actress highlight major breakthrough in fight against cervical cancer
In a roundtable discussion on Capitol Hill, sponsored by the Society for Women's Health Research, experts from the National Cancer Institute, the American Cancer Society, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Gynecologic Cancer Foundation delivered consensus that human papillomavirus (HPV), a common virus, is now shown to cause virtually all cervical cancers.

New way of examining lymph tissue detects hidden melanoma
A new study from the Journal of Clinical Oncology (JCO) shows that molecular analysis of a very small tissue sample can identify hidden melanoma metastases in lymph nodes.

New breast cancer mannequin to revolutionize teaching of breast cancer awareness
Researchers at the University of Warwick will mark the first day of Breast Cancer Awareness Month with the launch of a unique, highly accurate, breast cancer mannequin that--for the first time--will be used as a tool to spot breast lumps, a training aid that can closely mimic what a range of breast lumps actually look and feel like.

Conference on Forgiveness
New scientific findings on forgiveness and health, race and gender differences, child sex abuse, and biological links with primates will be presented at the Conference on Forgiveness.

Protecting against heart attack: The beat goes on thanks to erythropoietin
Ischemic heart disease remains the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in the Western world.

Nerac.com and Infinata partner to offer BioPharm Insight(TM) Resource
Nerac, a leading information resource for researchers in science and technology, has recently inked a deal with Infinata, a top provider of online market research.

Research shows little effect from Arctic offshore oil drilling
When the U.S. Dept. of Interior contracted with Florida Tech Oceanographer John Trefry to study the impact of recent offshore oil drilling in the Alaskan Arctic, the Florida Academy of Sciences gold medallist had some concerns about what he might discover.

Obesity can be harmful to your child's mental health
Children who are obese are at increased risk for emotional problems that last well into adulthood, according to several studies and experts on the subject.

Baby boomers beware
A comparative study of the U.S. and Sweden has shown that about 60 percent of surveyed Americans 75 years of age or older reported unmet needs for assistance with some activities of daily living versus only four percent of the Swedish oldest old.

SMART-1 ion engine fired successfully
SMART-1's revolutionary propulsion system was successfully fired at 12:25 UT on 30 September, 2003, in orbit around the Earth.

A realistic way to save rainforests
Misty-eyed idealism alone will not save Earth's dwindling tropical rainforests.

Gender and geography increase racial disparities in health care, Dartmouth study shows
Past studies have shown racial disparities in health care treatment around the U.S., but new Dartmouth research published in the October 2nd edition of the New England Journal of Medicine shows that the disparities are even larger when geography and gender are added to the equation.

Institute scientists offer tips for keeping children healthy and happy
As national organizations focus on mental and child health this month, Oregon Research Institute scientists remind parents, teachers, and counselors that they can help children live healthy and happy lives.

Huge Antarctic iceberg makes a big splash on sea life
NASA satellites observed the calving, or breaking off, of one of the largest icebergs ever recorded, named

CRESTOR (TM) improves apolipoprotein and lipid ratios - markers of cardiovascular disease risk
New data presented at the XIIIth International Symposium on Atherosclerosis (ISA) show AstraZeneca's highly effective statin CRESTOR (rosuvastatin) achieves more favourable effects on apolipoprotein and lipid ratios than the same and some higher doses of other widely available statins.1,2 Data also show greater improvements in apolipoprotein and lipid ratios for patients switched to CRESTOR 10mg from the most commonly prescribed doses of these other statins.

White blood cell plays key role in body's excessive repair response to asthma
Researchers in London and Montreal report today that they have discovered an important link in the development of the body's response to allergic asthma.

Possible brain cancer-air pollution link to be studied
The Brain Tumor and Air Pollution Foundation today announced the beginning of a research project led by an internationally renowned neurosurgeon at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center to explore a possible link between brain cancer and air pollution.

UC Riverside plant pathologist awarded $1 million grant to study virus assembly
UC Riverside's A. L. N. Rao of the department of plant pathology has been awarded a grant of $994,715 by the National Institutes of Health - National Institute of General Medical Science for four years starting Aug.

McMaster University researchers race to SARS vaccine development
Researchers at McMaster University have turned a corner in the race to develop a vaccine for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).

October 2004 Ophthalmology journal
Studies from the October 2004 issue of Ophthalmology, the clinical journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology, are now available.

A healthcare software solution to improve follow-up care of patients
A new healthcare software solution to improve follow-up care of patients can also monitor the nutrition of children with diabetes.

La NiƱa takes Bolivian Andes on a sedimental journey
Conventional wisdom says a river's flood plain builds bit by bit, flood after flood, whenever the stream overflows its banks and deposits new sediment on the flood plain.

Spectators discouraged from watching building demolitions
A study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health of a Baltimore, Md. building demolition found that airborne dust concentrations were especially high in the immediate vicinity and downwind of the demolition.

Study: Racial, ethnic disparities seen in all types of pain
No matter what its cause, pain of any kind can place a serious burden on a person's ability to work, play and live life.

Stanford research builds link between sleep, cancer progression
A good night's sleep may be one weapon in the fight against cancer, according to researchers at Stanford University Medical Center.

Solar contribution to 'global warming' predicted to decrease
New research on the sun's contribution to global warming is reported in this month's Astronomy & Geophysics.

'Injectable' tissue implant could repair ravages of breast cancer surgery
Clemson University researchers have developed an injectable tissue implant that could be used to repair damage caused by breast cancer surgeries.

Novel technology to monitor 'hidden depths' of silent killer
Details of two new studies announced by AstraZeneca at the XIIIth International Symposium on Atherosclerosis (ISA) could provide the clearest picture yet of the effects of statins on atherosclerosis, the main cause of coronary artery disease.
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