Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 02, 2003
Inventor of Kevlar(R) to be inducted into National Women's Hall of Fame
DuPont scientist Stephanie Kwolek -- who has helped save nearly 3,000 lives in law enforcement through her research leading to the discovery of DuPont Kevlar® aramid fiber -- will be inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame on Saturday, Oct.

Dietary fat not linked to risk of stroke
Unlike heart disease, dietary fat does not seem to be associated with risk of stroke, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Increased religiosity in countries affects attitudes toward sexual morality, study shows
When a nation's overall levels of religious belief and attendance are high, its citizens voice greater disapproval of divorce, homosexuality, abortion and prostitution -- issues involving sexual morality.

Are UK consent rules too restrictive?
Regulations on the use of human tissue in the United Kingdom are now more restrictive than any other European country.

Lasers create new possibilities for biological technology
A team of researchers at the University of Colorado at Boulder has taken another step in the quest to build a compact, tabletop x-ray microscope that could be used for biological imaging at super-high resolution.

SARS virus can change quickly and unpredictably, analysis indicates
The SARS virus is capable of changing rapidly and unpredictably, which could present serious challenges for managing the disease and developing drugs and vaccines to combat it, research at the University of Michigan suggests.

Purdue biologists' spotlight solves mysteries of photosynthesis, metabolism
A team of Purdue biologists has determined the structure of the cytochrome, a protein complex that governs photosynthesis.

Low and high birthweight increase risk of cerebral palsy
European research published in this week's issue of THE LANCET provides more insight into the association between low birthweight and risk of cerebral palsy.

Thorough, searchable database of human proteins unveiled
Like expert curators who verify and create catalogs of the world's great art collections, an international team of scientists has developed a human protein database they say will change the way biology is done.

Purdue researchers solve decades-old corn, sorghum problem
A team of Purdue University researchers has recently uncovered the genetic mechanism that prevents certain crop plants from growing tall - a finding that has future crop production applications since some grains produce greater yields if plants are kept short.

TIGR and NIAID sign $65 million microbial sequencing contract
The world's leading center for microbial genomics, The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR), has signed a five-year, $65 million contract with the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, to sequence and analyze the genomes of pathogenic microbes and invertebrate vectors of infectious diseases for the wider scientific community.

Paradox in the lungs resolved
Researchers at National Jewish Medical and Research Center have discovered that a single class of molecules serves as the immune system's gatekeeper in the lungs, damping the immune response in some situations and promoting it in others.

Wavefront LASIK advances refractive surgery
Millions of people have reduced their dependence on eyeglasses and contact lenses over the past several years with the refractive surgery procedure known as LASIK.

Deaths after fracture have not declined in 20 years
Death rates among elderly people after fracturing a thigh bone (neck of femur) have not declined appreciably during the past 20 years, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Scientists develop advanced sensors for biological agent detection
Developing effective detectors for biological agents is a priority for an increasing number of scientists at companies and government groups worldwide.

Taking aim at bioterrorism: UH professor gets HHS funding to battle anthrax
Selected to play a vital role in confronting the threat of bioterrorism, University of Houston professor Steven Blanke has a particular target in mind: anthrax.

Healthy neighbors rescue degenerating motor neurons
The life or death of motor neurons in patients afflicted with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) may rest with a somewhat overlooked group of support cells that helps guide, nourish and remove toxins from neurons.

UCR study shows how Los Angeles could meet federal smog standards by 2010
The Los Angeles metropolitan area could achieve federal air quality goals for smog more rapidly if the use of super-clean vehicles, available in showrooms today, is aggressively implemented, according to a UC Riverside study.

Unrestricted metabolic research grant awarded to Beth Israel Deaconess
Bristol-Myers Squibb has awarded a five-year $500,000 Unrestricted Metabolic Research Grant to Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston for research investigating the mechanisms of insulin action and resistance, the molecular and cellular aspects of obesity, and the relationship of obesity to type II diabetes.

Zengen, Inc. receives patent application approval for proprietary peptide technology
Zengen, Inc. announced that the United States Patent Office has approved a patent application for

Back to basics - Study suggests skilled physical exam critical to the care of hospital patients
Despite modern advances in diagnostic and therapeutic technology,

Early signs of cardiovascular disease detected in asymptomatic individuals in need of treatment
Individuals without any symptoms of cardiovascular disease may be in need of treatment, according to Jay Cohn, M.D., professor of medicine and director of the Rasmussen Center for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention.

Tufts University wins $25-million NIH contract
Tufts University School of Veterinary Medicine has received a $25-million, seven-year contract from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health (NIH) to enhance America's ability to prevent, treat and control diseases caused by infectious agents and toxins that could affect the nation's food and water supply.

Vibrating insoles could improve balance for elderly people
US researchers report in this week's issue of THE LANCET that the use of vibrating insoles could improve the balance of elderly people--with implications for an eventual reduction in falls and consequences such as bone fractures.

Report shows high arsenic in some southeast NH private wells
A recently released study led by the U.S. Geological Survey shows that an estimated 41,000 people in three southeast New Hampshire counties are using private wells that contain arsenic in concentrations that exceed federal safety standards for public water supplies.

Gastric bypass surgery resolves or improves diabetes in most patients, reports Pittsburgh study
A study of obese people with type 2 diabetes who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery (LGBP) found that 83 percent of them experienced a resolution of their disease.

Science writer Ron Redfern to receive geoscience Award for Outstanding Contribution
The American Geological Institute has named popular science writer, photographer, and filmmaker Ron Redfern as the 2003 recipient of its prestigious Award for Outstanding Contribution to Public Understanding of the Geosciences.

Stanford computer model shows bypass surgery more cost-effective than stents
Stanford University Medical Center researchers have developed a computer model showing that bypass surgery is more cost-effective in the long run than stents in patients with two or more blocked coronary arteries.

In childhood leukemia study, aggressive chemotherapy cuts deaths by 37%
More than a third of children who die from a particularly deadly form of leukemia would be saved if doctors used three existing drugs more aggressively - administering them at much higher doses and over a longer period of time.

Stevens hosts conference on rebuilding Afghanistan, Oct. 3-5
Stevens Institute of Technology will host a three-day International Planning Conference for the Empowerment of Afghan Professionals, to discuss the Institute's role in helping to rebuild Afghanistan, as well as to consider many of the pressing issues regarding the nation's economic infrastructure.

Mark your calendar for the American Anthropological Association meeting in Chicago Nov. 19-23
Some 5,000 anthropologists from around the world will gather at the Hilton Chicago November 19-23rd.

TIGR posts sequence data for parasite that causes trichomoniasis
Scientists at The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR) are beginning to unravel the mysteries of the most prevalent human parasite in North America, Trichomonas vaginalis.

Researchers receive $4.9 million grant to continue study of children prenatally
During the next five years, Case Western Reserve University researchers will track one of the largest groups of cocaine-exposed children in the nation at 9, 10, 11 and 12 years of age.

Penn study to determine why African-American males have worse outcomes from prostate cancer
To understand why African Americans have poorer outcomes when they are diagnosed with prostate cancer, the National Cancer Institute has awarded an $8.5 million grant to Timothy R.

It's the neighborhood that matters in ALS, according to medical researchers
A multi-center effort led by researchers at the UCSD School of Medicine, has determined in mouse models of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) that the nerve cells, or neurons, involved in ALS can be either damaged or saved from degeneration by neighboring non-neuronal cells.

Study highlights efficacy of sirolimus stents to prevent restenosis for PTS with CAD
Coronary stents coated with the immunosuppressive drug sirolimus are more likely to protect patients with coronary artery disease against future narrowing of coronary arteries (restenosis) than conventional metal stetns, conclude authors of a randomised trial in this week's issue of THE LANCET.

UCSD researchers find promising new avenues for treating infections
A study by University of California, San Diego biochemists explains why infections of Pseudomonas bacteria, which affect 200,000 hospitalized patients each year in the United States, can be so dangerous to cells within the body, and points to new ways to treat those infections.

Sexual pleasure improves after hysterectomy
Many women are concerned that hysterectomy may affect their sexual attractiveness, but a study in this week's BMJ finds that sexual pleasure improves after hysterectomy.

'Voice academy' Web site, funded by NIDCD grant, helps teachers address voice problems
Teachers are 32 times more likely than people in other professions to have voice disorders.

Close interaction seen between blood vessel development and fat tissue formation
The key physiological processes of angiogenesis, the growth of new blood cells, and adipogenesis, the development and growth of fat cells, appear to be so closely interwoven that interfering with one process also halts the other.

Scientists use satellite to 'pond-er' melted Arctic ice
NASA researchers and other scientists used a satellite combined with aircraft video to create a new technique for detecting ponds of water on top of Arctic sea ice.

Neurons that play truth or consequences
The 'CEO' in your brain appears to be concerned more about the consequences of your actions than how hard they are to produce.

No link between fat and stroke risk, Northwestern researcher finds
Unlike its scientifically established relationship to heart disease, dietary fat does not seem to be associated with risk for stroke, according to an article in the Octobert 4 issue of the British Medical Journal.

New research says being top dog makes us happier than simply getting top dollar
New research by a group of economists and psychology researchers at the University of Warwick reveals that our rank position within an organisation has a bigger effect on our happiness within that job than the happiness generated by our actual level of pay. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to