Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 03, 2003
Emory's Jeffrey Koplan joins Hong Kong SARS expert committee in report to government
Jeffrey P. Koplan, MD, MPH, vice president for academic health affairs at Emory University, is one of 11 international public health experts who reported today to the Hong Kong government on lessons learned from that country's SARS outbreak.

NIAID initiative addresses primary immune deficiency diseases
The study of primary immunodeficiency diseases--disorders caused by inherited flaws in the immune system that increase susceptibility to infections--has been bolstered by a $12.8 million initiative sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Benchmark study of brain tumors points to resection over biopsy as one key to survival
Patients with gliomas, the most common type of brain tumor, have a more favorable outcome with surgical resection in a craniotomy procedure that opens the skull than patients who have only a biopsy for a tumor, according to a study led by researchers at the University of Virginia Health System.

Space leaders to share visions of launchers to come
Some of the top names in the space launch sector will share their views of the future at a plenary session today organised by ESA Director General Jean-Jacques Dordain.

NSF awards $68 million for new engineering centers
The National Science Foundation (NSF), the independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering, announces four new Engineering Research Centers (ERCs), an initial estimated NSF investment of $68 million over the next five years.

Research breakthrough in understanding treatment resistant depression
An international team of researchers have discovered that brain activity differs significantly between healthy individuals and those suffering from treatment-resistant clinical depression.

NSF directs $216.3M toward math, science education improvement
The National Science Foundation today announced the award of $216.3 million in funding for the second year of its innovative Math and Science Partnerships to improve mathematics and science education in United States and Puerto Rico schools.

Huge iceberg wreaks havoc on Antarctic marine ecosystem, study finds
For the second time in 26 months, a massive iceberg has clogged a large portion of Antarctica's Ross Sea, causing what could turn out to be a devastating loss of penguins and other marine life, according to a NASA-funded study by Stanford scientists.

Chemical change may help predict seriousness and course of some cancer
A pattern produced by a chemical change that turns off genes in tumor cells may help predict the seriousness of a particular cancer, and perhaps its outcome.

American Thoracic Society journal news tips for October 2003 (first issue)
The October first issue features research showing the following results: Organice carbon and nitrogen dioxide air pollutants can cause chronic bronchitis in kids with asthma; airway inflammatio in children with asthma shows pathologic features of adult asthma; and ATS publishes new standards for disease diagnosis and management of alph-1 antitrypsin deficiency.

National Institutes of Health grant to Rensselaer to further research on healing bone injuries
George Plopper, assistant professor of biology at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, has been awarded a five-year, $3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to continue research into the development of what Plopper refers to as

Caregivers refuse Alzheimer's medications when patient's quality of life threatened
A caregiver's assessment of an Alzheimer's patient's quality of life is the key factor in determining if and why some caregivers decline to use a treatment that slows progression of the patient's disease, according to a new study from researchers at the Institute on Aging at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine.

Stevens ranks #1 in the nation for 'Most Connected Campus'
Stevens Institute of Technology ranks #1 in the country in The Princeton Review's Top 25 Most Connected Campuses - a just-announced top ranking that acknowledges Stevens' national superiority in wired and wireless technology for students on campus.

Damage to the frontal lobes can affect a person's ability to 'stay on the job'
A new study sheds light on why brain injury patients have difficulty performing tasks consistently -- a necessary requirement for holding a job.

Driving performance declines with dementia and age
In one of the first studies to track driving performance over time in older adults, researchers at Washington University in St.

The neighborhood matters: Packard Center scientists show cell environment is important in ALS
In amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), neighborhood may be everything, if a new study in mouse models of the disease holds true for patients.

Clemson photonics research gets economic development nod from NSF
The track record of Clemson University's photonics research --attracting more than $13 million in outside funding in three years -- has earned it the National Science Foundation's economic development stamp of approval.

HFES Annual Meeting papers feature work on critical health and safety issues
The Human Factors and Ergonomics Society's 47th Annual Meeting will be held October 13-17, 2003, at the Adam's Mark Hotel in Denver, Colorado.

$9.4 million NSF grant backs UCSB-led effort in bio-image informatics
Currently, biological researchers generate vast numbers of pictures of cells and tissues and analyze those images by eye.

PTH and Alendronate: combining treatments shows no bone density advantage
Combining the bone-building treatment parathyroid hormone (PTH) with alendronate, a drug that slows bone loss, produces no significant improvement in bone mineral density (BMD) beyond that produced by the individual drugs, according to two new studies involving postmenopausal women and men with low BMD.
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