Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 07, 2003
Prehistoric footpaths in Costa Rica indicate intimate ties with villages, cemeteries
New findings by the University of Colorado at Boulder indicate tiny footpaths traveled by Costa Rican people 1,500 years ago were precursors to wide, deep and ritualistic roadways 500 years later leading to and from cemeteries and villages.

NASA research propels development of new glass
There's a new glass in town. The glass, developed with the help of a unique NASA levitator facility, is available for numerous commercial applications including lasers and optical communications.

Forgiveness linked to spinal cord injury rehab
Study shows that forgivness helps in medical rehabilitation of spinal cord injury patients.

HIV vaccine in worldwide trial
Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville is part of the first simultaneous study in so many locations, from Brazil to Thailand.

Imagining movement of affected limbs aids stroke rehabilitation
Imagining movement of arms and legs that have been weakened from stroke may facilitate functional recovery of affected limbs, a Northwestern University study has found.

Brookhaven Lab develops 'ThraxVac' to clean up anthrax
Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed a device, dubbed

HIV protein attacks body's innate protection system that could prevent virus' replication
When HIV enters the human body, a fierce battle ensues between a ruthless viral protein and our long-misunderstood innate protection system.

Antarctic penguins thrive in ocean 'oases'
NASA satellite data was used for the first time to analyze the biology of hot spots along the coast of Antarctica.

Using plants and microbes to purify polluted industrial wastewater
Harnessing nature to work on industrial pollution may soon replace conventional wastewater treatment.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory focus on geography, energy, explosives, and materials.

How genes orchestrate facial expressions
University of Utah researchers have identified genes that ensure nerves develop in the correct part of the brain so mice can roll their eyeballs sideways, wiggle their whiskers, pull their ears back and blink their eyelids.

Standard treatment for rare form of deafness no more effective than placebo
A drug that has been prescribed for a rare form of hearing loss is no more effective than a placebo, or an inactive

Study shows that forgiveness can be taught
By using certain forgiving methods, people can be taught how to forgive.

Researcher to locate lung tumors with lasers
Dr. Kunal Mitra, Florida Tech associate professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering, recently earned a $50,000 grant from the Florida Dept. of Health to develop a new technique to locate lung cancer and tumors.

World's first integrated 'bio-refinery' project launched
The National Renewable Energy Laboratory and DuPont announced a joint research agreement leading toward the development of the world's first integrated

ATV simulation facility will be first to 'fly' very complex mission
Before the green light can be given for the launch of Jules Vernes in autumn 2004, another Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV) has to first successfully fly the same mission.

Duke study links forgiveness to less back pain, depression
A new study from Duke University Medical Center demonstrates that among people who have chronic back pain, those who have forgiven others experience lower levels of pain and less associated psychological problems like anger and depression than those who have not forgiven.

Forgiveness a factor in blood pressure
Forgiveness is linked to low blood pressure and, first study connecting forgiveness and health to survey racially and socio-economically diverse individuals shows that, for low socio-economic status Blacks, forgiveness is linked to low blood pressure and low levels of the stress hormone cortisol.

Promising drug proves ineffective as treatment for hearing loss
Researchers have demonstrated that Methotrexate, a promising drug to treat hearing loss in patients with autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED), proved no more effective than placebo in a recently concluded four-year study.

URI oceanographers study relationship between Narragansett Bay and Rhode Island Sound
In a recent issue of the Journal of Geophysical Research, Chris Kincaid and Robert Pockalny from URI's Graduate School of Oceanography, and Linda Huzzey from the U.S.

Illinois professor wins Nobel Prize in physics
Anthony J. Leggett, a world leader in the theory of low-temperature physics and a faculty member at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, has been awarded the 2003 Nobel Prize in physics.

Hospitalization injuries prove costly to patients, health care system
An analysis of more than 7 million recent discharge records from hospitals in 28 states reveals that a group of 18 medical injuries that occur during hospitalization may account for 2.4 million extra hospital days, $9.3 billion in excess charges, and almost 32,600 attributable deaths in the United States annually.

NYU School of Medicine attracts a powerful MRI machine
A massive superconducting magnet will form the center of a 7-Tesla MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) machine expected to be in operation in 2004 at NYU School of Medicine.

Illinois study seeking biomarkers of canine diabetes, other diseases
Even as the genetic blueprint for Shadow the poodle was being completed in Maryland, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign had been engaged in a long-term study of weanling and geriatric dogs that they hope will add functional gene information to the dog genome as well as benefit both canine and human health.

New glass can replace expensive crystals in some lasers and bring high power to small packages
Researchers have developed a new family of glasses that will bring higher power to smaller packages in lasers and optical devices and provide a less-expensive alternative to many other optical glasses and crystals, like sapphire.

Patient-centered approach just what the doctor ordered for healthcare industry
Anyone who's ever jumped through hoops just to schedule a doctor's appointment or been bounced around by one referral after another knows the healthcare system isn't exactly consumer friendly, but a Texas A&M University professor believes a patient-centered approach would make healthcare more effective and efficient for everyone involved.

Rutgers targets Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan with $3.5 million from NIH
With approximately $3.5 million from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Ilya Raskin of Rutgers and colleagues will explore plants, fungi and microbes with pharmaceutical potential in Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.
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