Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 27, 2003
Smoking increases risk of multiple sclerosis
Smokers are nearly twice as likely to develop multiple sclerosis (MS) as people who have never smoked, according to a study published in the October 28 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Dose of PTEN protein found to determine progression of prostate cancer
In patients with prostate cancer, one change that can be seen at the molecular level is the loss of the PTEN tumor suppressor gene, a gene responsible for restricting cell proliferation.

Invisible satellite dishes to preserve Athens skyline
Rooftop satellite receivers can look out of place with the historic surroundings of ancient cities.

FDA approves Raptiva™ (efalizumab) for chronic moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis
Genentech, Inc. and XOMA Ltd. announced today that Raptiva™ (efalizumab) has been approved by the U.S.

Halloween can be dangerous for those wearing illegal costume contact lenses
They can turn brown eyes blue or human eyes to monster eyes.

Improved remote mapping of disaster zones
Research by scientists at the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory at Columbia University shows that Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) polarimetry is a more superior technology for rapidly identifying disaster zones than the currently used optical remote sensing technologies.

Lessons about drugs, nerve gas teach students biology and chemistry more effectively
By developing lessons about cocaine, amphetamines, drug testing and, nerve gas, a pharmacology professor and a chemistry teacher have discovered that they can grab the attention of high school students to more effectively teach them biology and chemistry.

Lowering blood pressure immediately after stroke can be harmful
Lowering blood pressure in the first 24 hours following a stroke can be harmful to recovery, according to a study published in the October 28 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

UCLA study identifies stem cell in artery wall
A UCLA study demonstrates for the first time that specific cells found in the adult artery wall have stem cell -like potential.

World's largest forest birds may produce world's deepest bird calls
A family of huge forest birds living in the dense jungles of Papua New Guinea emit low-frequency calls deeper than virtually all other bird species, possibly to communicate through thick forest foliage, according to a study published by the New York-based Wildlife Conservation Society.

PTEN and prostate cancer--the devil is in the doses
PTEN is among the most commonly mutated tumor suppressor genes in a variety of human cancers, including prostate cancer.

Familiarity decides if wolf spider loves 'em or eats 'em
A Cornell behavioral scientist has found that female wolf spiders prefer mates that are comfortably familiar.

OHSU study shows four daily servings of fruits & vegetables reduce breast cancer risk by half
Women who eat four or more servings of fruits and vegetables per day have a 50 percent lower risk of breast cancer compared with women who eat two or fewer servings a day, OHSU study shows.

ACP hosting summit to address the future of internal medicine and patient care
Leaders from nearly 30 medical organizations will convene in Philadelphia Nov.

Healthy hearts predict healthy old age, says University of Pittsburgh study
Taking steps to prevent heart disease is the best way to ensure a healthy old age, according to University of Pittsburgh researchers in a paper published in the October 27 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Intraepithelial neoplasia may be a leading risk factor for prostate and ovarian cancers
Intraepithelial neoplasia is a precancerous, noninvasive lesion that may signal the onset of tumor development in both the prostate and ovary, according to research presented today at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Second Annual International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research.

Eastern Europe urged to prepare now for growing threat of HIV resistance
Eastern Europe is warned to prepare for HIV drug resistance, a problem that is now being witnessed in patients in Poland after only five years of HIV treatment being available.

Lifestyle changes clinically effective
Though the concept of healthy living has long included such recommendations as diet and exercise, clinical evidence suggests that these activities may be more powerful in preventing cancer than previously thought, according to research presented today at the American Association for Cancer Research Second Annual International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research.

Finland launches the largest technology prize in the world
The largest technology prize in the world, the Millennium Technology Prize, amounting to one million Euros, is to be awarded on 15 June 2004.

Surgeons offer new treatment for degenerative eye disease
Researchers at Duke Eye Center believe a surgical procedure they have refined for over a decade can offer hope to more people suffering from end-stage age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Elusive cancer killer's deep-sea hideout discovered after a nearly 20-year hunt
For almost two decades HARBOR BRANCH has been searching for a deep-sea sponge that harbors a chemical with a remarkable ability to kill cancer cells, but that could not be found in sufficient quantity to allow full exploration of its potential.

Pollutant-eating microbe could speed gasworks cleanup
Scientists at Cornell's NSF Microbial Observatory at Cornell University have field-tested a new strategy for finding bioremediation microbes and found a likely candidate, a bacterium that

UGA researchers track greenhouse gases in forests
Monique Leclerc and Anandakumar Karipot don't just discuss global warming.

Liver transplants result in excellent survival rates for patients with liver cancer
In the first national study to examine survival among liver transplant patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), researchers found excellent five-year survival results, with a steady improvement over the last decade.

Two million neonatal deaths take place in two developing regions of the world
Two million neonatal deaths are reported annually in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa.

Straight from the heart
A new study reveals that inner-city patients who participate in a disease management program (DMP) following a serious heart event fare much better than those who do not.

Childhood obesity? School food service personnel say NIMBY
A Penn State survey of a group of Pennsylvania school food service personnel revealed that the respondents perceived childhood obesity as a national U.S. problem but not in their own school.

New model of Alzheimer's enzyme may help refine future treatments
An international team of scientists led by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Zadaxin in triple therapy shows 61% response for hepatitis C non-responders
SciClone Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: SCLN) today reported positive data from a triple therapy pilot study showing ZADAXIN® in combination with pegylated interferon alpha and ribavirin produced a 12-week early virologic response (EVR) in 61% of hepatitis C patients who had not responded to prior therapy of interferon alpha in combination with ribavirin.

Suffer the children
A new study examining the nature and severity of physical harm in child abuse suggests that the current focus on rapid intervention to protect maltreated children may not be as important as previously thought.

Annual bibliography of significant advances in dietary supplement research 2002
The Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) announces the release of the fourth issue of the Annual Bibliography of Significant Advances in Dietary Supplement Research.

ACP Foundation health communication conference to discuss literacy, technology, & ethnic disparities
The American College of Physicians Foundation (ACP Foundation) will convene a national conference on November 17, 2003, in Washington, DC, at the Academy of Sciences to discuss the relationship of health to communication, literacy, technology, diversity, and funding.

Researchers determine a contributing genetic factor of photosensitivity in lupus patients
Researchers make discoveries about the cause of photosensitivity in lupus patients that could lead to better medications to treat this symptom and could also lead to insights into the cause of lupus. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to