Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 28, 2003
Meeting to address scientific evidence of Arctic environmment change
Dramatic declines over the past 30 years in sea ice covering the Arctic Ocean appear to be part of a complex and interrelated set of environmental changes that already are affecting traditional ways of life, according to researchers attending a landmark scientific meeting in Seattle this week.

November Geology and GSA Today media highlights
Topics include: discovery of biomarkers preserved in oil that may give a more complete picture of life on early Earth; new evidence that non-photosynthesis-based ecosystems originated much earlier than previously thought; role of decreased levels of atmospheric oxygen in mass extinctions; and evidence that the Great Barrier Reef may have had a now-extinct precursor.

Research finds tumor preventive qualities, damage reversal, in green tea
Drinking green tea may do more than just thwart a head cold, according to research presented today at the American Association for Cancer Research Second Annual International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research.

LabNotes -- Research highlights from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Research highlights include: Nerve-gas fingerprints etched in light; replicating cellular tissues; genetic sleight-of-wing; and balancing the water and growth equation.

US Presidents succeed more often than they fail, study finds
Some pundits have discussed recently whether President Bush's Iraq and economic policies have been failures - and whether they might signal an overall failure of the Bush presidency.

Class on psychological skills helps college athletes perform better, study finds
Collegiate athletes may be able to perform better in their sports by spending more time in a classroom, according to a new study.

Stroke treatment may come from physiological determinations not time frame, says Pitt
Determining the type of treatment for acute stroke caused by blockage of large vessels in the brain can best be decided by measuring both the amount of brain tissue that is threatened but not yet dead (ischemic penumbra) and the amount of brain that is already dead (ischemic core), according to groundbreaking University of Pittsburgh research published in the October issue of Stroke, a journal of the American Heart Association.

Could you suffer from psychosis? The nose knows
Your nose could provide the first reliable diagnostic tool for predicting a person's likelihood of developing psychosis, new research has found.

Sticks and stones will break your bones; so will a lack of calcium
New research confirms that calcium is important for bone development in children.

New therapies under development promise improved relief for Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma cancer patients
Biotech companies and researchers across the world are focusing on the development of new therapies for the treatment of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) cancer, a lethal and malignant disease that is spreading at an alarming rate.

New treatment to beat severe incontinence
Scientists have developed a potential treatment for severe incontinence that means the millions of sufferers worldwide could one day throw away their incontinence pads.

OHSU researchers discover molecular signaling system controlling aspects of embryonic development
OHSU researchers have discovered that a protein called Jelly Belly (Jeb) is necessary for smooth muscles in fruit flies to develop normally.

Wolves are rebalancing Yellowstone ecosystem
The reintroduction of wolves into Yellowstone National Park is helping to save cottonwood trees that were well on their way to extinction, and in the process rebalancing a whole stream ecosystem for the first time in 70 years.

Glycemic index gaining acceptance as useful dietary tool
The glycemic index may be a beneficial tool in food selection and meal planning, according to leading health experts who explored the issues and scientific research related to the glycemic index at the American Dietetic Association's Food & Nutrition Conference & Exhibition (FNCE).

NCI awards $7.6 million to prostate cancer research collaboration
A collaborative group of cancer researchers has won a $7.6 million grant from the National Cancer Institute to study the pathways and mechanism for prostate cancer metastasis to bone.

Modified lung donor standards decrease mortality
Using more liberal criteria to evaluate potential lung donors combined with aggressive donor management significantly increases the availability of potential lung donors, and ultimately decreases mortality of recipients on the waiting list, says a new study presented at CHEST 2003, the 69th annual international scientific assembly of the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP).

UCLA study examines health of California seniors
Health difficulties most frequently tarnish the golden years of California Latinos and seniors with limited-English proficiency, according to an extensive UCLA Center for Health Policy Research report on the well-being of the state's oldest residents.

New guidelines on unrelated marrow transplants: A roadmap for physicians
Georgetown University Medical Center researcher Carolyn Hurley, Ph.D. and colleagues have developed new comprehensive national guidelines on bone marrow transplantation that involve donors unrelated to the patient.

The name of the game
Mentally stimulating leisure activities in early and middle adulthood may lower the risk of Alzheimer's disease, a USC-led study says.

UB researchers show first evidence of pharmacogenomic differences in patients' responses to MS drug
University at Buffalo researchers using the latest computer-assisted technologies of genetic analysis have shown for the first time how a widely used drug for treating multiple sclerosis -- interferon beta (IFN-beta-1a) -- can modulate the expression of particular genes in patients being treated for the disease.

Michigan receives NCRR grant for tomorrow's proteomics technology
Whether they work for a university or a corporate laboratory, scientists doing research in the life sciences now have one more reason to come to Michigan.

Attitudinal barriers to school breakfast programs identified
Focus groups conducted by Penn State researchers have identified the attitudinal barriers among parents, students, school administrators and foodservice directors that contribute to Pennsylvania's low rate of participation in school breakfast programs.

Cervantes mission concludes with Soyuz TMA-2 landing
ESA astronaut Pedro Duque from Spain landed in the command module of the Soyuz TMA-2 spacecraft near the town of Arkalyk in Kazakhstan at 08:40 local time, 03:40 Central European Time (CET), this morning, thus concluding the successful 10-day Cervantes mission to the International Space Station (ISS).

The DFG funds a new research vessel
The Joint Committee of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) has decided to fund the research vessel Maria Sibylla Merian as a new

Outpatient treatment shrinks liver tumors to acceptable size for laser procedure
Researchers in Germany are using a new combination treatment to first shrink and then kill liver tumors.

Case researchers discover the mouth's defenses against AIDS
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University and the Cleveland Clinic have discovered a way that the mouth may prevent the contraction of HIV.

NASA funded Earth alert system to aid MEMA in disasters
The Maryland Emergency Management Agency (MEMA) has recently deployed a new communications system, based on NASA technology, that is designed to aid emergency management professionals when natural or man-made disasters occur.

Georgetown University's Society for Medical Women faculty chosen for prestigious AAMC award
GUMC'S Society for Medical Women Faculty (SMWF) has been awarded the 2003 AAMC Women in Leadership Development Award, recognizing a woman or organization in medicine for outstanding contributions to develop women leaders in academic medicine.

Studies show preventive value of food supplements
Common spices and herbs contain ingredients that may prevent the formation of major tumors, such as intestinal and prostate cancers, according to research presented today at the American Association for Cancer Research's Second Annual International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research.

November GSA Bulletin media highlights
Topics of particular interest include: earthquake history of the Toe Jam Hill fault (Seattle fault zone) and hazards for the urbanizing Puget Lowland; how paleosols preserved in basalt sequences may increase understanding of climate conditions during periods of mass extinction; how freshwater aquifers on the continental shelf off New England maintain relatively low levels of salinity and how such aquifers might one day alleviate freshwater shortages in coastal communities around the world.

Dietary ginger may work against cancer growth
The substance that gives ginger its flavor appears to inhibit the growth of human colorectal cancer cells, according to research at the University of Minnesota's Hormel Institute in Austin, Minn.
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